Most balloons are constructed of rubber, latex, or nylon fabric, which is composed of long polymer particles that resemble strands of cooked spaghetti but are much smaller! When these materials are stretched, the polymers in them straighten out and move alongside and over one another. This causes the balloon to expand.
Latex balloons are usually made by mixing natural rubber with plasticizers and colorants before pouring it into molds. The finished products are then dried or frozen until needed.
Nowadays, most people think of balloons when they hear the word "latex." They believe this material to be unique to balloon makers- -actually, it's just another name for natural rubber. Latex balloons are generally more durable than those made of synthetic fibers, but they don't last as long because they're not as light weight. Also, unlike some synthetic balloons that remain flexible at cold temperatures, most latex balloons become harder as they get colder due to their natural rubber composition.
As far as health concerns go, there aren't any known dangers associated with playing with balloons because they're not designed to be eaten or used as toys. However, plasticizers present in some rubber products may cause some irritation if they come in contact with your skin. And since natural rubber contains proteins that can cause an allergic reaction, people who are allergic to latex should not touch it unless properly protected.
A balloon is an inflated, flexible bag that contains a gas such as helium, hydrogen, nitrous oxide, oxygen, or air. Rubber, latex, polychloroprene, metalized plastic, and nylon fabric are some of the materials used to make modern balloons. Balloons existed long before there was something as elastic as rubber. They were originally made from animal skin, but later also from plants (such as jute). Modern balloons are usually made by folding a sheet of plastic or paper into a cone, inserting the stem of the balloon, and then inflating it with steam or nitrogen.
The chemicals used in making balloons include PVC plastics, latex, and synthetic fibers. These chemicals are all harmful to living things if they get into our water supply or are burned as trash. The plastic materials used in today's balloons can't be recycled because they contain bits of other materials mixed in with them. Instead they often end up in landfill sites or incinerators.
Balloons make beautiful gifts for everyone from kids to adults. It's a good idea to buy real flowers sometimes instead of using balloons because some people may have allergies to them, but most people will enjoy receiving a colorful balloon in the mail. You can make almost any kind of balloon look unique by adding stickers, buttons, glitter, etc.
People love catching balloons while out walking or riding their bikes. It's not just children who play catch-ball, adults enjoy it too.
Balloons today are produced from materials such as rubber, latex, polychloroprene, or nylon fabric, and they come in a variety of colors. Some of the first balloons were produced from dried animal bladders, such as pig bladders. These were used by the Chinese more than 2,000 years ago.
The modern industry source for balloon production is China, which accounts for approximately 70% of world production. The remaining production comes from the United States, India, Russia, and Japan.
Heavier-than-air balloons have been known since 1784, when Joseph Gay-Lussac demonstrated that air was an important factor in lifting objects. In 1852, John Jeffries Crawford invented a machine called a "balloonometer" that could measure atmospheric pressure. This invention led to the development of the barometric pressure chart now used to forecast weather conditions.
In the late 1800's, Charles Greening patented a process for making rubber balloons durable enough to withstand inflation with hydrogen gas. This discovery led to the widespread use of balloons for advertising. Today, most commercial balloons are made from synthetic materials; those made from natural products contain only small amounts of natural rubber.
Synthetic balloons are made by injecting steam into oil to create a foam, which is then coated with resin.
Natural latex and synthetic rubber are both used to make balloons, but natural latex is stronger and more elastic, thus it is the preferred material. Molds are dipped into a latex tank to create a balloon (or any other balloon material). When the mold is removed, the pattern from it is left on the surface of the balloon.
Balloons can be made from natural materials such as latex or they can be made from synthetic materials such as PVC. For most applications, from birthdays to parades, balloons made from natural materials will always be preferred over those made from synthetic materials because they are safer for people and animals to play with. Synthetic balloons tend to break down into small particles that are not only toxic if inhaled but also cause cancer if absorbed through your skin. Natural balloons may contain chemicals that are not safe for young children to play with or eat, so we recommend using caution when choosing which types of balloons to give as gifts.
As long as you avoid giving edible or poisonous balloons, there should be no problem giving either type of balloon as a gift.
Balloons, which were once fashioned from dried animal bladders, are now created from latex. While that is going on, balloon molds are dipped in a latex-attracting chemical and then into the latex itself. Before stress testing using a type of air faucet, the balloons go through various different physical and chemical procedures. Finally, they are packaged and shipped off to be used for balloon art.
People all over the world have been making balloons for thousands of years using techniques almost identical to those used today. The Egyptians made balloons out of linen or cotton and used them as part of their celebrations including rites of passage for children and as part of religious rituals. They also made them in fun shapes to play with in the sky.
In 1721, Joseph Priestly published his book Experiments and Observations on Different Kinds of Air. In it, he describes how to make balloons out of silk and linen. He also goes on to say that if you let these balloons inflate in the sunlight, they will become illuminated like lamps.
In 1816, Charles Green introduced rubber balloons into the United States. They were popular because they were not made of silk or linen which was expensive at the time. Also, since they were rubber, they did not break down in the atmosphere which meant they could be left up in the sky for longer periods of time.