Is Phoenician and ancient Hebrew the same language? No, they are separate languages that are often incomprehensible to one another. They are, however, closely related, and any Hebrew speaker could certainly decipher a considerable portion of Phoenician language if they learned to read the Phoenician script. In fact, several Hebrew words have been found written in the Phoenician alphabet.
Hebrew is the official language of Israel, while Phoenician is now only spoken by a few elderly people in coastal Lebanon. However, both languages are still considered important to their respective cultures. In addition, some scholars believe that Arabic may be more closely related to Hebrew than previously thought, which would make both Hebrew and Phoenician descendants of the same language at some point in history.
Phoenicia was a kingdom located along the Mediterranean coast of present-day Lebanon and Syria. The kingdom's influence extended as far north as Cyprus and as far south as Eilat in Israel. It was founded around 1600 B.C. by a tribe known as the Canaanites who inhabited most of modern-day Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, and Jordan. After being defeated by Egypt during the 16th century B.C., the kingdom of Phoenicia became part of the larger Egyptian empire.
The language Phoenician was a Semitic language, more specifically a Canaanite language, which included Hebrew, Phoenician, Philistine, Moabite, and others. It was spoken in a region known as "Canaan" in Phoenician, Hebrew, and Aramaic, "Phoenicia" in Greek and Latin, and "Put" in ancient Egyptian. The language is mentioned several times in the Bible, especially in the books of Joshua, Jonah, and Micah.
Hebrew is thought to have been the first language ever written, around 1500 B.C. It reached its greatest extent under the monarchy (10th century B.C.-5th century B.C.), when it was used in various parts of the country for official documents. During this time, there were also people living in Israel who spoke other languages, such as Ammonite, Aramean, Moabite, and others. These foreigners were brought into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and became slaves like everyone else. But many of them survived and some even gained power. The kingdom of Judah was destroyed around 586 B.C., probably due to internal problems combined with external attacks, but the kingdom of Israel was still strong until about 538 B.C. When that happened, the language barrier began to be broken down because both Jews and Arabs needed traders to communicate with each other. This is why there are so many words in Arabic that come from Hebrew; they are both Semitic languages.
No, Hebrew is a Semitic language linked to Arabic, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian, whereas Greek is an Indo-European language. However, they do have some similarities due to their relationship.
Hebrew and Greek both are member of the Afroasiatic language family. They also share a common ancestor called Proto-Afroasiatic. The two languages diverged about 4000 years ago. Hebrew was spoken by the ancient Israelites, while Greek was used by the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Although the Jews were forced to convert to Judaism under Roman rule, they retained their own language until it disappeared during the Jewish revolt against Rome. Today, only historians and scholars know of this language because it was not written down; all we have are fragments of texts found in ancient synagogues and temples.
Hebrew and Greek also share many words because they shared a common language ancestry. For example, the word "to love" in Hebrew is 'ābāt and in Greek is 'ēgas. These are derived from a single original language expression meaning "to be enamored."' Another example is the word for "name" which is 'ehyeh in Hebrew and 'ígnō in Greek. They are both derived from a single original language expression meaning "sign."'"