Are there any Native American reservations in Maryland?

Are there any Native American reservations in Maryland?

The state of Maryland has no Indian reserves. During the 1700s, as eastern tribes were being dispossessed by colonial development, most native Americans were compelled to flee Maryland. Those that remained became slaves to work the tobacco and cotton plantations. In 1831, after the end of the slave trade, remaining Indian people were granted land in return for giving up their rights as citizens. This "Indian Reservation" system was used by various tribes until it was abolished in 1848 by the Treaty of Washington. Most tribal members did not learn about the treaty until many years later when they were forced to move onto a new reservation.

In 2007, President Bush signed an executive order creating a National Indigenous Peoples Day. The day is held annually on November 13th at federal agencies including the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Department of Justice. It is designed to honor indigenous people of the United States and to promote understanding of their history and contributions to this country.

Native Americans have inhabited what is now the United States since before the time of Columbus. The first Europeans to arrive in what is now Maryland were French explorers who came by boat up the Chesapeake Bay from Virginia in 1609. They called the area Le Presqu'ile de la Havre Dieu (God's Pre-Emptive Right).

Are there any Native Americans in Maryland?

Maryland is home to at least eight identified tribes or clans of American Indians. There are also members of various tribes that are not originally from Maryland. Lumbee, a tribe with roots in North Carolina, make up almost one-third of the 17,000 American Indians living in the Baltimore region. The others can be found throughout Maryland. Some of the more well-known tribes or clans include the Patuxent Indian Tribe, which is based in Columbia and includes about 350 members; the Calvert Indian Tribe, which has its headquarters in Bel Air and includes about 150 members; and the Charles Town Indian Settlement, which is based in West Virginia but includes descendants of several different tribes from across America.

In addition to these eight tribes, Maryland is home to many individuals who have mixed Indian and white ancestry. They are known as "half-bloods" or "mixed bloods." Almost all half-bloods live along the eastern shore of Maryland where they work in trades not available to Indian people. These include lawyers, doctors, and engineers.

Half-bloods were often adopted by whites and treated as their children. This means they could be given names such as "John Smith" or "Mary Robinson" and would be expected to learn how to write and do business transactions like any other white person. Half-bloods were allowed to marry whites and live among them if they chose.

Where were most of the settlers in Maryland from?

Paleo-Indians arrived in Maryland more than 10,000 years ago from other regions of North America to hunt mammoths, big bison, and caribou. Maryland had around 8,000 Native Americans in roughly 40 different tribes by 1,000 B.C. The first Europeans to arrive in what is now Maryland were Spanish explorers in 1540. Afterward, English colonists settled in the area that would become Maryland. In 1632, England and Spain signed a treaty dividing up their colonies in North America. Under the terms of the treaty, England got control of all land west of the Appalachian Mountains. This included all of Maryland.

Most of the original settlers of Maryland were British subjects who came over on trade ships from Europe. They often brought their families with them. These immigrants made their homes along the banks of the Potomac River or in small towns near where they traded their goods. By 1680, there were about 6,000 people living in Maryland. This number grew slowly until 1770, when the American Revolution began. Then many people from other parts of America became interested in fighting for their own country. This excitement spread through out Maryland, and by 1820, thousands of soldiers had been recruited from its shores. These men fought in several wars, including the French and Indian War, the Revolutionary War, the Mexican-American War, and the Civil War. At the end of the Civil War, more than 100,000 soldiers had been recruited in Maryland.

What are some cool facts about Maryland?

4 Interesting Maryland Facts

  • Maryland is the 19th most populous and the 42nd most extensive of the 50 states of the United States.
  • Paleo-Indians first inhabited what is now the state of Maryland.
  • Maryland gets its name from Queen Henrietta Maria of England.
  • Maryland is sometimes called “America in Miniature”.

About Article Author

Darlene Jarrell

Darlene Jarrell has graduated from the University of California, Berkeley and Stanford University. She has been teaching for twenty years and is a respected teacher who is loved by her students. Darlene is kind and gentle with all of her students, but she can also be firm when necessary. She loves reading books about psychology because it helps her understand how children think and learn differently than adults do.

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