The Declaration was approved by the National Constituent Assembly and presented to Louis XVI for approval. According to Eric Hobsbawm, the monarch "resisted with his customary folly" and refused to sign. He refused to sign the Declaration until October 5th, when he signed it to appease the enraged people at Versailles. However, other historians claim that Louis did sign the Declaration in early September.
Louis had been under considerable pressure from both sides of the assembly debate - those who wanted him to sign and those who didn't. In fact, one historian has even suggested that he may have signed before the end of August because there is no record of him refusing to sign during this time.
However, despite what many believe, Louis did not sign the Declaration. He ordered it printed and had it distributed to the army camps where it was read aloud to the troops. This is considered an official act by most historians so it can be assumed that he at least looked over the document before ordering it printed.
Additionally, some historians have claimed that someone else actually signed the declaration on behalf of Louis. They argue that since Louis never left Paris and rarely went outside of the city limits, someone else must have gone to the war camps and read the declaration for him.
However, this argument fails when you consider that only men were allowed at the time to serve in military positions and therefore could not have done so without breaking a law.
Thus, Louis XVI signed the Edict of Versailles, commonly known as the Edict of Tolerance, on November 7, 1787, which was recorded in the parlement two and a half months later, on January 29, 1788. This edict granted religious freedom to all citizens without regard to religion. It also abolished all laws discriminating against people because of their religion or belief, and ordered that any existing laws be revised to conform with this new policy.
In fact, this edict was not a singular act but rather the culmination of efforts by various members of the royal family to bring an end to discrimination based on religion. Previously, King Louis XV had issued his own "Edict of Tolerance" in 1773, which allowed religious freedom within the Catholic Church but not outside it. However, even before then, there were attempts by members of the royal family to end discrimination based on religion. For example, in 1776, Louis XVI's mother, the former Queen Marie Antoinette, sent a letter to the leaders of the Jewish community in France asking them to be treated equally by the government. She also promised to support any Jewish community that was attacked for being Jewish.
After her son became king in 1774, when he was only fifteen years old, Louis XVI continued these efforts. For example, in April 1775 he issued another edict prohibiting any further persecution of Protestants in France.
Why did King George III refuse to take the colonists' declaration into account? He didn't believe they had the right to demonstrate. Were the participants to the Second Continental Congress planning a rebellion against King George III? Some desired conflict, while others did not, but they reached an agreement with the Olive Branch Petition to try for peace. After it was rejected, there was no more talk about armed resistance.
In his refusal to accept the Declaration of Rights, King George III was merely acting according to his role as head of state. As far as he was concerned, these were ideas that needed to be presented to the proper authority-in this case, his government in London. Accepting the document would have meant giving credence to ideas that were dangerous and could lead to further action against Britain.
Furthermore, contrary to popular belief, the king wasn't required by law to grant any form of redress to those who had been harmed. It was hoped that by presenting their grievances to the highest authority possible, some resolution might be found. If the king refused to listen, then there was nothing more that could be done.
Finally, it should be noted that acceptance of the Declaration of Rights wouldn't have guaranteed any specific rights or liberties. It is possible that certain individuals might have received favors after the fact (such as land grants) but this cannot be confirmed without additional evidence.
He also did not sign the Declaration of Independence. Despite signing the Declaration of Independence, he and Patrick Henry both refused to serve as delegates to the Constitutional Convention. Lee was adamantly opposed to the federal Constitution because he believed in strong state rights. For this reason, he declined to take a seat on any of the three committees assigned to draft amendments for consideration by the convention.
Luther Martin was born on January 15th, 1742 in Rowan County, North Carolina. He was baptized two days later by John Moore, a prominent local minister. His father was a wealthy planter who owned more than 1,000 acres of land. When Luther was eight years old, his family moved to Fredericksburg, Virginia where they would eventually build one of the largest homes in the city. He attended the College of William & Mary where he studied theology and philosophy. In addition, he learned how to write and speak English, Latin, and French. After graduating in April of 1765, he was ordained as a pastor at the age of twenty-one. Within five years, he had become one of the most influential men in Virginia.
In March of 1771, Martin married Rebecca Franks. The couple had six children together: Elizabeth, Mary, Samuel, Luther, Jr., and Edward. Martin was very involved in the life of his parishioners and often preached from the pulpit about political issues facing Virginia at the time.