The barrier, known colloquially as the Genghis Khan Wall, was constructed in the Mongolian Steppes. However, contrary to common perception, it was not designed to protect against Genghis Khan, the famed Mongol. Rather, it was built to prevent invaders from entering Mongolia through its border with China.
Genghis Khan was a Mongolian ruler who became the most powerful man in Asia in the 13th century. He was also one of the most destructive leaders in history, killing or enslaving most of the available population of Europe during his lifetime.
Although he was born into slavery, Genghis Khan fought his way up the ranks of the military to become one of the most effective generals in history. By 1206, he had conquered all of Russia and much of Europe, making him one of the first global rulers.
His empire reached its zenith under his grandson Ögedei, who ruled from 1279 to 1344. However, the empire began to decline after this point due to civil wars and incompetence of the next generation of rulers. By the time he died, Genghis Khan had been responsible for the death of millions of people.
One theory about the Great Wall's existence is that it was built to protect against Genghis Khan.
The Great Wall of China was erected to protect China from its northern adversaries and invaders, particularly the Mongols. The Mongols were a nomadic tribe that raided China on a regular basis. The Mongols finally invaded China despite the wall. The Wall also prevented Chinese citizens from leaving the country.
In addition to its military use, the Great Wall has been used for tourism since the early 20th century. Today, it is a popular spot for people to go hiking or biking.
The Great Wall of China is made up of stone walls that run for thousands of miles across China. The first one was built around 2500 BC. It was expanded and improved upon over time until it became what we know today. In fact, some historians believe that the Great Wall was built again after being destroyed during the Ming Dynasty era. That's right, the wall has been rebuilt several times over the years.
The name "Great Wall" actually comes from an English word. The story goes that in 1644, a British army led by General Wuqua went to war with a Mongolian army under Genghis Khan. After many victories, the British general told his soldiers that they had won because of the great wall they had built around their camp. From then on, everyone started calling the wall "great".
There are six main sections of the Great Wall of China.
The Great Wall of China is actually a series of walls. The 8850-kilometer length popular with tourists was erected during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) to defend China from the Mongols. The wall had been falling into disrepair when it was restored between 1617 and 1636. The restoration was under the supervision of Wang Hui, who designed many of the changes made during his career as one of China's most famous architects.
Genghis Khan and his descendants controlled most of Asia except for parts of Russia. They used their military power to create a large empire that at its peak covered half of Europe and Asia. However, they were also known for massacring civilians, so it's possible that if the Great Wall had been maintained, it could have prevented some atrocities by keeping them out.
However, the reason the Mongols invaded in the first place was because China had fallen into decline. They wanted the Chinese products that were being imported into Europe and the Middle East instead. So, maintaining the Great Wall probably didn't help much anyway.
In conclusion, the Great Wall of China wasn't built to prevent Genghis Khan and the Mongols from invading. It was built to protect China from foreign invasion and to restore China's lost glory.
However, centuries ago, a wall was constructed far to the north. It separated the Mongolian tribes who lived there before they were absorbed by the Chinese empire. This first wall was probably made of dirt piles and wooden palisades but was eventually replaced by stone. Today, this second wall protects a large part of northern China from wind and ice damage.
The Mongol invasion of 1241 caused widespread devastation across Asia. They almost conquered China, but the country's military leaders knew that they couldn't beat them in open battle so they decided to hire European mercenaries to help them fight back. The strategy worked: after losing many battles against the Chinese army, the Mongols retreated eastward toward their home country. At the time, China wasn't yet an independent nation so it was under the rule of the Mongol Empire. During these years, the Mongol rulers allowed local Chinese commanders to keep some of the money they earned fighting for the empire. These soldiers built several sections of wall while they were away from home helping the generals of the empire defend its territories.
After defeating the last remaining Mongol armies, the new Chinese rulers continued building more and more walls in different parts of the country to protect themselves from future invasions.
In fact, China is not the first country in history to construct a wall along its border. Athens, the Roman Empire, Denmark, and Korea all did so at different points in history. The Great Wall of China, like all other barriers, was erected for military protection. The Chinese defense system was designed by General Meng Tian and built over time by the people themselves. It was not until the end of the Qin Dynasty that the first permanent stone walls were built.
The story goes that after the death of his father, Qin Shihuangdi (also known as Qin Shi Huang), who had been planning to build a wall to protect his empire from invasion, he changed his mind because he believed that with his army, nothing could stop him from conquering the world. However, historical evidence proves that he did build a portion of the wall in 221 B.C. and it was probably based on earlier work done by others.
After the collapse of the Qin Dynasty, many warlords continued to battle each other for power, building more and more walls around their territories to prevent anyone else from taking control of them. It wasn't until the establishment of the Han Dynasty in 202 A.D. that any real progress was made in constructing a great wall across the entire length of China. Under the leadership of King Wuling and general Ban Chao, thousands of laborers worked tirelessly to build a large wall that would be effective in preventing invaders from entering China.
Shihuangdi created a network of roadways to help him govern his enormous dominion and deploy his troops more conveniently. Several hundred thousand people were set to work linking and reinforcing the existing fortifications along the northern border to prevent incursions. The Great Wall of China is the name given to the resultant defensive system. It was built over many years, with materials available in the region, from small stones picked up along the roadside to large blocks of stone dragged by hand from mountainsides. At first it may have been just a low wall around the estate of a local ruler, but it soon became evident that invasion from the north was something that must be stopped.
The reason for building the great wall is disputed by historians. Some claim it was done to protect China from foreign invaders while others say it was built as a tribute to Japan's famous wall. However many scholars believe that both reasons were contributing factors in its construction.
In recent years some archaeologists have suggested that the great wall was also used as a waste disposal site because much of the material used in its construction could not be used again. They argue that this would have saved money had it not been for the fact that many workers died building the wall so their bodies could be used as fertilizer for new crops or burned after stripping them of their clothes and other belongings.
Finally, it has been argued that the great wall was built as a tribute to Japan's own formidable barrier - the samurai.