Egypt's last native pharaoh was Nectanebo II, who reigned before the Achaemenids invaded Egypt for the second time. Egypt was controlled by the Hellenic Pharaohs of the Ptolemaic Dynasty after Achaemenid authority ended with Alexander the Great's conquests in 332 BC. The Ptolemies were Greek rulers who adopted Egyptian customs and religion.
Native pharaohs are again mentioned in the 19th dynasty text King Lists. However, these documents are mostly lists of kings rather than histories so they may not be completely accurate. Also, the term "pharaoh" may have been used generically to refer to any king during this period.
In general, yes Egypt has had pharaohs since the early dynastic period if not earlier. There were only breaks of about 80 years between each reign ending up to around 1200 AD when the ruling family was destroyed during the invasion of Alexander the Great. After that no one was able to take charge of the country until the mid-19th century when the British occupation began. Even though Egypt is now a republic it is still considered part of the Middle East and many people believe that Jesus Christ will return to Earth from Israel.
The term "Pharaoh" is used for Ancient Egyptian monarchs who governed following Narmer's unification of Upper and Lower Egypt during the Early Dynastic Period, around 3100 BC. The name comes from a word meaning "great house", which was given to them by the people.
Pharaoh was about 65 years old when he died. He was named King Horemheb and ruled from 1759 to 1713 BC. His wife's name is not known but they had one son who became king after his father's death. That means that Pharaoh was married for at least five years before he went into exile. It's not clear how long he stayed away from Egypt but it probably wasn't very long since his son was still a child when he died.
During his lifetime, Pharaoh built many temples for himself and his family. He also built large palaces for himself where he could live with his wives and children. Some believe that the only reason he didn't build a big palace for himself here in America is because we don't have enough wood to construct such a thing!
In addition to being a ruler, Pharaoh was also involved in war. He led wars against his neighbors to expand Egypt's territory.
Akhenaten ascended to the throne of Egypt as pharaoh in either 1353 or 1351 BCE and ruled for about 17 years during Egypt's New Kingdom's 18th dynasty. Modern academics remember Akhenaten most for the new religion he founded, which was focused on the Aten. The other important fact about his reign is that it was quite short. He died in 1352 or 1350 and was succeeded by his son Amenhotep IV.
Amenhotep IV was only eight years old at the time of his father's death and did not rule alone. His mother, Queen Tiye, who was also his sister, wielded great power behind the scenes. She is remembered for her wisdom and diplomacy and managed to keep her country strong while Akhenaten was alive. When he died, she quickly arranged another young boy to take the throne since they were both children. This practice of using younger siblings to succeed older ones was common in ancient Egypt.
Besides being wise and diplomatic, Tiye was also a religious woman who wanted better things for her country. Her idea for changing how people thought about worship in Egypt came about after hearing news from foreign countries that had discovered themself blessed with beautiful gods. She decided to make Egypt's own god more like these other gods so that people would love him too.
In doing so, he launched the conquering campaign that would be pursued by his successors and give rise to the Egyptian empire. Egypt was once one of the most powerful and respected empires in the ancient world. This is the most well-known time in Egyptian history.
However, it also had its downsides. Egypt became very rigid and outdated during the Old Kingdom period (2600-2200 B.C.). The power behind the throne was the king's private secretary called the "scribe" who managed all affairs of state. The scribal office was often dominated by members of the royal family. They tried to keep control over their subjects by using terroristic methods. For example, if a man were accused of a crime, there was no trial; instead, the victim was tied up and left for the birds to eat.
Also, the old system of government was based on the authority of the king. He could make any decision about policy or rule without limit because there were no laws except those he gave. This means that every action he took was absolute power backed by force.
Finally, Egypt was never truly divided up into provinces like other countries at this time. Instead, there were small city-states who were under the protection of larger kingdoms. These cities could trade with each other but not with their neighbors.
So, yes, Egypt was an empire!