On September 22, 1851, it was incorporated as Fort Des Moines, which was abbreviated to "Des Moines" in 1857. It is situated on and called after the Des Moines River, which was most likely translated from the early French name, Riviere des Moines, which translates as "River of the Monks."
The city is located in Iowa, United States, and has a population of 95,000. It is the capital of the state and contains many government buildings, including the State Capitol.
It was originally planned that the town would be built around a military fort, but instead the river provided the attraction for settlers. A small stream called Raccoon Creek ran into the river about two miles north of the present site of Des Moines. This was probably because alligators were seen in the creek at that time. The area was inhabited by Native Americans until 1854 when it was granted legal status as free land in addition to being made part of the new state of Iowa.
The first white men to see the Des Moines River were French explorers in 1714. They named it Rivière de l'Orégan (River of Origan) after one of their sponsors, Louis XIV. In 1847, American pioneers learned of this discovery and decided to build a town here, which was given the name Fort Des Moines due to its location near the river.
It is located on, and named after, the Des Moines River, which was likely adapted from the early French name, Riviere des Moines, meaning "River of the Monks." The river was originally called the Ravière by the Native Americans who lived here before Europeans arrived. It is now known as the Iowa River.
The city was founded in 1855 by New Englanders who were looking for new land to farm. They were attracted by the idea of living in a town where they could exercise their religion freely. Today, many churches can be found in Des Moines because it is an important religious center for Christians of many different denominations.
The city has experienced significant growth since the 1960s, due to its location near the middle of America and its status as the capital of Iowa. It is also the largest city in the state without a major airport. In 2015, Des Moines was ranked as the best place to live in the United States by U.S. News & World Report.
When Europeans first came to North America, they often referred to places as "mohawk" when they didn't know their exact name. This is how they described Des Moines because there were several large mounds of dirt (now used for roads) in the area that looked like the headgear of Native American warriors.
The Iowa River Valley was opened to new immigrants in 1845; when Iowa became a state a year later, the population of Fort Des Moines was 127 people. The term "fort" was deleted from the name once the municipal charter was issued in 1857. Today, Des Moines is the largest city in Iowa and the second-largest in Nebraska.
The city's history dates back to 1846, when it was established by the government of the newly formed state of Iowa as a military post and trading center. Originally known as Des Moines after its founder, Stephen Allen Davis, it was made the capital of Iowa in 1847. After only nine years, however, the capital was moved to Des Moines County, where it has remained since then.
Today, Des Moines is home to more than 400 companies that collectively provide employment to about 80,000 people. It is also the hub of activity for an extensive metropolitan area that includes most of Polk County. This region is known as The Des Moines Area because of the large number of newspapers published in the area. These include the Daily Iowan, the Indianola Gazette, the Indianapolis Business Journal, and the IndianapoLIST. There are also two major television stations: KCCI and KMGH.
Des Moines has a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons. Winters are long and cold with average temperatures between 10 and 20 degrees below zero Fahrenheit.
Des Moines was designated as the state capital in the 1857 Constitution. Wilson Alexander Scott and Harrison Lyon gave property to the commissioners tasked with selecting a location. The location for the Iowa State Capitol began with less than 10 acres on the east bank of the Des Moines River, on a gradually rising slope. It is now within the city limits of Des Moines.
The constitution provided that the capital should be located on an area of land donated by Wilson Alexander Scott and Harrison Lyon. These men had more influence over where the capitol would be built than anyone else. They were both wealthy landowners and politicians from eastern Iowa who wanted to bring government back to the people.
In addition to Scott and Lyon, other prominent citizens contributed funds toward the construction of the capitol. Among others, they included William Pitt Lynde, president of Iowa College; John F. Finney, a judge who lived near the proposed site for the capitol; and Christopher G. Clement, a former governor of Iowa Territory who lived in Davenport, Iowa County, which is now part of downtown Des Moines.
The first legislative session after the selection of Des Moines as the capital was held in January 1858. A bill providing for the election of a governor was passed over Governor Prentis Darlington's veto. He refused to sign the bill because it did not provide for his compensation. The legislature then elected Judge Finney as governor without his consent.
The city is called after the river that runs through it, Riviere des Moines, which is reportedly derived from French des moines, "of the monks," in reference to missionaries, although this is most likely a folk-etymologizing of the name of the local people who lived there by fur trappers. The Ojibwe also had a village near where the river now flows called Muhheakantong (or Moochicantong) which means "at the falling waters."
The original settlement was known as New France and was located on an island in the river. It was abandoned after eight years when all its residents were killed off by an epidemic. The site is now under water due to dam construction.
After the American Revolution, settlers came to Iowa from many places including Germany, Switzerland, Canada, and Britain. Some of these immigrants were religious refugees from Europe who found safety and freedom in what was then called The Northwest Territory. They brought with them their own languages (including German, Swiss-French, and English) which became important parts of the culture of early Des Moines.
In 1846, a group of ambitious young men led by John Wanamaker gathered together to create a town where they could sell goods at lower prices than those set by the eastern manufacturers. Although some claim that the group was actually formed by two men who wanted to create a town further upriver from where it currently stands, this is not true.