Mexico City, the country's capital, was named after it. Mexico-Tenochtitlan was the Aztecs' capital city during their reign. The modern capital city was erected on top of the Aztec capital's ruins. The words metztli, which means moon, and xictli, which means navel, were combined to create this god's name. The Aztecs believed that the moon was a woman and they called her his wife.
The word "Mexic" is derived from the Aztec language and means "the people". Thus, Mexico refers to the entire nation rather than any particular part of it.
Before the arrival of the Spanish, most of what is now Mexico was inhabited by various tribes such as the Olmecs, the Maya, and the Cuicatecans. They spoke different languages and practiced different religions. However, they all acknowledged Moctezuma II as their ruler. In 1519, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba led an expedition that discovered and conquered parts of present-day Mexico. He called these new territories "Mexico", which later became the name of the whole nation.
As for its geographical origin, Mexico is a large country in North America. It borders the United States to the west, Canada to the northeast, and south into Guatemala. Geographically, it is defined by its four major geographic features: the Gulf of Mexico, the US-Mexico border, the Caribbean Sea, and Central America.
This territory was known as the Viceroyalty of New Spain, or Nueva Espana. However, the country's indigenous peoples have long referred to it as Mexico. The city was first called the Ciudad de México (Mexico City).
New Spain consisted of what are now the United States' Lower California and Arizona territories as well as parts of modern-day Canada. It was ruled from Madrid by the viceroy who had offices in Mexico City.
The official name of Mexico's former territory is La Provincia del Santísimo Reino de los Españoles en el Indio o Nueva España (the Province of the Most Holy Royal Crown of Spain in the Indian Ocean or New Spain).
The country adopted its current name after losing half of its territory to the United States following the Mexican War (1846-48).
Until then, it was known as Mexico State or Mexico Province. Later, when it became the Federal Republic of Mexico, it continued to use this name as its formal title.
Mexico has used several names over time for its national identity.
Tenochtitlan Tenochtitlan, the Aztec empire's historic capital, was established in 1325 among the marshes of Lake Texcoco. It is now located on the location of contemporary Mexico City. By the late 15th century, it had formed a confederacy with Texcoco and Tlacopan and had become the Aztec capital. The city was destroyed during the Mexican-American War in 1847.
The site of Tenochtitlan is a national park today. Visitors can see some foundations of the old city near the tourist information center in Coyoacan, an area called La Ciudad Blanca (The White City).
Mexico City was built from 1780 to 1920. In its first phase, it was a military town for defense against invasions from Spain. After independence, it became the capital of the country. In 1824, it was designated as a metropolitan city, which means it has a regional government system similar to that of Boston or Chicago. In 2015, it had a population of 9 million people.
The city grew rapidly after the Mexican-American War when American soldiers opened up land for settlement. In fact, most of the city was built after 1840. By 1900, there were more than 200,000 people living in Mexico City. This number increased dramatically during the postwar boom years when many cities around the world were growing fast.
Mexico-Tenochtitlan When the Spanish came, the Mexica (Aztec) empire was known as Mexico-Tenochtitlan, and it comprised Mexico City, most of the surrounding territory, and sections of today's neighboring states like Estado de Mexico and Puebla. The empire covered an area from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean with a population estimated at 1 million people. It was one of the largest empires in pre-Columbian America.
The Spanish conquered Mexico-Tenochtitlan in 1521 and renamed it New Spain. They built large cities, including Mexico City, which became the capital of the new country. The indigenous people were enslaved or killed in huge numbers during this time period.
After about 200 years under Spanish rule, Mexico achieved its independence from Spain on August 16, 1810. Mexico-Tenochtitlan was then renamed Mexico.
In 1824, Mexico joined together with four other countries to form the United States. The US-Mexico border wasn't established until after Mexico had become independent from Spain in 1821. So, all land that is now part of Mexico was once part of what was then called "New Spain."
During its time as part of Spain, New Spain included all of North America except for Florida. So, before the US existed, everyone who is now American lived here.
Tenochtitlan Tenochtitlan, the Aztec empire's capital, was founded approximately 1325 C.E. by the Aztec or Mexica people. Legend has it that the Mexica established Tenochtitlan after fleeing their country of Aztlan under the instruction of their god, Huitzilopochtli. They arrived in a place where there were many lakes and they called it Tenochtitlan, which means "the blue lake." This story is told in writings called Florentine Codex, which are the first accounts of Mexican history.
The city flourished until 1521, when it was destroyed by Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes during his campaign to destroy all the nations of Mexico. He killed most of the inhabitants of Tenochtitlan (including its emperor) and placed a puppet on the throne who allowed him to take much of the empire's wealth. After this defeat, the Mexica people remained in the region that now is Mexico City until their expulsion by Spain in 1706. During this time, they built many other cities such as Cuautla that have since been abandoned.
Mexico City was never again ruled from within its borders until 1824, when Emperor Santa Anna brought his government back from France. The city's population at the time was about 200,000 people, most of whom were indigenous farmers rather than urban dwellers. It was not until after this return to Mexico that schools were opened to train teachers for these new public schools.
The Meaning of New Mexico's Name This state's name is an anglicized form of the Spanish term for the upper Rio Grande, "Nuevo Mexico." Mexico, as spelled by the Aztecs, means "place of Mexitli," one of the Aztec gods. The word "Mexico" has been used as a label for all things Mexican since the early 17th century, but it was not until after the independence of Mexico in 1821 that it became common to call any country with indigenous inhabitants "Mexico."
Before this time, various other terms were used instead, such as "New Spain" or "Nueva España." These names reflected the fact that most of what is now called New Mexico was then part of Mexico, a kingdom founded by Spain in 1492. That land, which includes parts of the United States, is known as "Old Mexico" or "Viejo Mexico."
After Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1823, there was some discussion about whether to continue to use the name "Mexico" for the new country, but it was decided to adopt an English name to show respect for the people who had helped the Mexicans win their freedom. "America" was proposed as a suitable translation of "New Spain," but this name was already in use so the word "Mexico" was chosen instead.
It took a while before everyone started using the new term, though.