His coffin may be seen via a little window in the floor. Copernicus discovered as early as 1510 that by using the old Greek model and switching the locations of the Earth and the Sun, he could build a viable system that matched what was observed in the skies with fair precision. But this wasn't enough for the Church; without its approval, no one would buy his new book. So, too bad for Copernicus, he had to get Christian allies to publish it for him.
The first thing you need to know about Copernicus is that he wasn't afraid to contradict accepted wisdom. When most people thought the Earth was at the center of the Universe, they didn't bother naming their theories or calculating their predictions. They just wrote them down and passed them on from teacher to student. Not Copernicus. He calculated everything meticulously, and where others saw problems with his ideas, he found solutions to them.
In addition to being the first person to propose a heliocentric (sun-centered) Universe, Copernicus also proposed something never before suggested: a planet called "Mercury." The idea came from looking at the Moon through his telescope. Although we now know there are other planets out there, nobody else at the time could confirm their existence, so this was really novel information.
Finally, Copernicus moved Earth away from the center of the Universe.
Copernicus was unable to verify his beliefs, but he was able to demonstrate that the movement of all heavenly bodies could be explained far more readily as a visible result of Earth's movement. In 1543, he presented his theories in a book titled "On the Revolution of the Heavenly Sphere." The work began as a commentary on Cardinal Bembo's De_moto_nibus, but it soon became evident that it was Copernicus himself who was the true subject of the commentary.
In addition to demonstrating that his ideas were accurate, Copernicus also showed how they fitted in with ancient Greek and Roman knowledge. He concluded by asking readers to confirm or reject his ideas through their own observations, which was an important step toward establishing scientific facts instead of just opinions.
Although Copernicus never traveled beyond Northern Europe, his ideas spread quickly after his death in 1572. His nephew published another book two years later that included many detailed illustrations of planets moving across the sky over time. This helped to convince many people that Copernicus was not mistaken about how the universe worked.
The fact that Copernicus' ideas were so similar to those of Aristotle and other ancient philosophers made some scientists suspicious at first. They wondered why someone would come up with new ideas when old ones seemed to work well enough. But over time, more scientists came to believe that Earth was the center of the universe and that it moved around itself every day.
He could see through a simple metal tube, but no telescope had yet been developed. Copernicus had prepared a brief paper by 1514, which he shared among his astronomy-minded pals. It described how the Earth is not the center of the universe, but instead orbits around the Sun. However, since this idea was heretofore unheard of, nobody paid attention to it.
As for his telescope - there are two possibilities here: either he built it himself or he hired someone to do it for him. There are some clues that point toward the latter option. First of all, we don't have any evidence that he built a telescope before 1609. And even if he had done so, it's unlikely that he would have been able to construct something as sophisticated as the one he used later when he published his famous book. So the most likely scenario is that someone else built it for him.
Now, let's take a look at some facts about Copernicus' life that may help us understand why he decided to hire someone to build him a telescope.
He was born on 14th March 1473 in Torun, then part of Poland but now in Ukraine. His father was a wealthy merchant and he had two siblings: a brother named Andreas and a sister named Anna.
Nicolaus Copernicus (/koU'pe: [email protected], [email protected]/ Polish: Mikolaj Kopernik; German: Niclas Koppernigk, modern: Nikolaus Kopernikus; 19 February 1473–24 May 1543) was a Renaissance-era mathematician, astronomer, and Catholic canon who proposed a model of the universe in which the Sun, rather than the Earth, was at the center. He published this work in 1543, just five years before his death.
Copernicus came from a wealthy family in Poland. When he was about fourteen years old, his father sent him to study at the University of Bologna in Italy. There he became acquainted with the works of ancient astronomers such as Plato and Aristotle and with recent discoveries made by Italian mathematicians and astronomers. Returning to Poland, he took a teaching position at a school in Prussia (present-day North Germany). In 1508 he was appointed professor of mathematics at the University of Cracow but resigned this post two years later to become chancellor of a diocese in southern Poland. He is credited with introducing the Gregorian calendar into much of Europe.
In addition to being one of the most important scientists of all time, Copernicus also played an important role in the development of astronomy as a separate discipline. He is regarded as the first person to propose that the Earth revolves around the Sun, not vice versa.