1588: The Spanish Armada. How did the English triumph? The Spanish Armada was a fleet of invading ships. In May of 1588, it set sail from Spain. The Spanish Armada embarked on a voyage to the Netherlands. Before attacking England, it would gather men for the Duke of Alva here. The Armada was made up of 130 ships, including 22 galleons. It was the largest fleet ever assembled at one time. At the end of July, the Spanish fleet ran into a storm and many of its ships were destroyed. The survivors returned home.
After the disaster at the hands of the English navy, the Spanish government decided to build more ships. However, since most Spaniards could not afford such expensive vessels, they sent troops instead. Between 1595 and 1603, more than 100,000 soldiers were shipped to the New World. They were paid well but had no hope of survival. When they arrived in South America, they built fortifications and began to mine gold. This is how the Spanish managed to keep control of their colonies for so long. Without realizing it, they had created a huge army of slaves.
The English also sent ships to fight against the Spanish Armada. But unlike them, these ships were designed for combat. Their design included heavy guns that could shoot down many of the smaller Spanish ships. Also, because they were fighting for freedom, the English people were willing to die for their beliefs.
The Armada consisted of around 130 ships and 27,000 sailors and troops. This massive armada was launched in order to invade England and depose Queen Elizabeth and the Anglican Church. However, in July 1588, the English fleet, which was smaller but speedier, beat the Armada in a massive battle. The defeat of the Armada stunned the Spaniards. It also ended any hope that the invaders would be welcomed with open arms by the English people.
The Spanish tried again to invade England in 1605 but were once again defeated at sea by Admiral Parker. The last major naval battle in England took place in 1707 when Admiral Hawke defeated the French fleet under Lord Nelson.
Thus, the British Navy has always been seen as the force that keeps the seas safe for all nations big and small. In fact, it is only through the help of our friends and allies that we are able to maintain global peace and security.
In 1588, King Philip II of Spain dispatched an armada (a fleet of ships) to gather his army from the Netherlands, where it was fighting, and transport them to England to invade. However, one of the main reasons the English were able to defeat the Armada was because the wind drove the Spanish ships northwards. The English knew this and sent out small boats with hoists attached that could be lowered into the water to snag the hulls of the approaching vessels. This prevented the Spanish ships from being able to use their cannon effectively and also gave the English soldiers on land a chance to attack them.
Elizabeth I had been on the throne for several years and was known as "the Virgin Queen" because she had never married or had children. But in 1558, when she was only twenty-five years old, her half-brother Edward VI died without heirs, so she became queen. Although sixteen other people including Edward's two younger sisters tried to claim the throne before Elizabeth, they failed. The country was in such trouble when Elizabeth took the throne that she agreed to marry Henry VIII to keep England together. But she had no interest in marriage and broke off the wedding at the end of the first year. Finally, in 1559, Parliament passed a law requiring all rulers to be married or have descendants capable of inheriting the throne. Because of this law, most monarchies in Europe don't have any family ties anymore today.
Storms further hampered the Armada's return to Spain from Scotland and Ireland. Many ships were wrecked off the coastlines of Scotland and Ireland, and more than a third of the original 130 ships did not return to Spain... Spanish Armada
The Spanish Armada was part of King Philip II of Spain's planned invasion of England. The "la felicissima armada," or "the most fortunate fleet," was launched in August 1588 and consisted of around 150 ships and 18,000 troops. It was to have been led by the Duke of Medina Sidonia but he died before it could leave port.
Elizabeth I had no intention of allowing a Spanish invasion force to land on English soil. She ordered every available ship to be pressed into service and organized a naval blockade that would end only when the Armada was defeated or until the goal had been achieved.
The purpose of the invasion was twofold: first, to relieve the pressure being placed on Spain's American colonies by an alliance between England and the Netherlands; second, to secure the throne of England after Elizabeth's death. Despite its size, the Armada was outmanned and outgunned by the English navy. As well as having trouble finding enough sailors willing to go abroad, many of the ships were old and not fit for battle.
The English also managed to capture one of the leading Spanish commanders, Admiral de Colson, who revealed what was going on inside the Spanish camp. When word reached London that the Armada was actually being built, the plan was changed to prevent any further disasters like the one that had happened with the earlier attempt to invade England.
While the Armada attempted to contact the Spanish soldiers, the English ships launched a ferocious attack. This left them vulnerable to being attacked by the much smaller British ships.
Also, since the Spanish ships were overloaded with people and equipment they weren't very fast, which made them easy targets for the more nimble British vessels.
Finally, the English used gunpowder weapons, while most of the Spanish ships were made of wood, which are more likely to catch fire.
These are just some of the reasons why the English were able to defeat the Spanish Armada.