The following are some of the major reasons of World War II. The Treaty of Versailles officially concluded World War I between Germany and the Allies. The pact was extremely severe towards Germany since it had lost the war. Germany was obliged to "take responsibility" for the Allies' war devastation. The country also had its army completely disbanded and was forbidden to have an army again. These were all very painful concessions for Germany to make. In addition, the treaty required Germany to pay billions of dollars in reparations which it could never afford. This is what caused the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party.
Another reason is that when France wanted more territory than just the original small size of their country, they went to war with Germany over it. This led to more wars between France and Germany because now there was a country on both sides of the conflict which meant they would always be fighting each other even if there wasn't a world war going on. Then finally there was a third country involved in this war, Italy. They also wanted more territory so they joined in on the fight against France and Germany. All together there were five different countries involved in wars over little bits of land, which isn't much considering how many people lived on Earth at the time.
These are just some of the many reasons why the Second World War happened. If you want to know more about the cause of the war then read my other article called "What is the cause of the First World War?".
The Versailles Treaty It was known as the Treaty of Versailles, and it legally concluded World War I while also laying the groundwork for World War II. Despite the fact that it was preceded by a year-long peace conference, every nation that signed it despised it. US President Franklin D. Roosevelt called it "a terrible document" and "a disgrace to civilization". Russia refused to sign it but was not permitted to withdraw itself from it. Other nations that did not sign it include Germany, Japan, and China.
In short, it was an unfair deal that benefited only the losers of war: France, Great Britain, and America. Germany was punished with heavy losses and forced into signing the treaty; Japan was allowed to keep its conquests in Asia; and Russia was kept in its place by being given land in Europe instead of money like the other two world powers. In addition, the treaty divided up the financial burden of rebuilding their countries after such devastation. France received German territory in Africa and Asia, Britain got Germany's former colonies, and America got control of the majority of postwar Germany including its capital Berlin. The final insult to Germany was the inclusion of the city of Leipzig in Russia rather than in Germany itself. Although the treaty was never ratified by the United States Senate, it is still considered valid today because all major powers have signed it.
Militarism was another source of WWI that was addressed in the Treaty of Versailles. The strength of the German army was reduced, and they were no longer permitted to employ submarines or airplanes. It was also unlawful for them to form an alliance with Austria. All of the treaty's duties have a strong military tone. For example, it requires Germany to remain within its borders and prohibits them from rearming.
The treaty also included provisions designed to promote peace. For example, it required Germany to submit any future treaties it signs with other countries to approval by Congress. In addition, the treaty provided for the creation of five independent nations out of the territory of Germany and Austria: Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Czechoslovakia.
These provisions are called "treaty restraints". Their purpose is to make sure that Germany will not try to rebuild their military strength and continue to pose a threat to other countries.
Another important aspect of the treaty is that it imposed strict penalties on Germany if they violated its terms. For example, if Germany failed to reduce their army to 100,000 men by June 15, 1919, then they would lose half of their agricultural land. Also, if they continued to build submarines or aircraft, then they would have to stop selling oil products in Europe.
The origins of World War II may be traced back to the Treaty of Versailles, which was forced on Germany. This pact amounted to a type of imposed peace. As a result, it instilled enmity in the minds of Germans who were born and raised in the cult of vengeance. The 1919 Paris Peace Conference was a huge letdown for triumphant Italy. It assigned small, uninhabited islands to the two countries. In addition, it abolished the royal houses of Denmark and Yugoslavia. Italy was denied access to the Adriatic Sea. The conference also divided up German colonial possessions with no regard for ethnic lines. France got the bulk of these lands-more than half-including Alsace-Lorraine, which had been part of France since 1871. Belgium received the rest, including modern-day Luxembourg. These awards angered the Germans who thought they belonged together not apart. Also at the conference, the United States refused to endorse the final treaty because it felt that it didn't go far enough in punishing Germany.
After the treaty was signed, President Wilson warned that if Germany attacked America's friends, then America would have to fight Germany. But Germany didn't listen. Instead, it focused on signing economic agreements with England and France. These deals provided fuel for the fire of nationalism among Germans. More violence was sure to come as the three nations rebuilt their armies.
In early 1939, Hitler made his intentions clear that he would not abide by the terms of the treaty.