On the grounds of Kibbutz Revadim on the eastern side of Israel's coastal plain, the site is 35 kilometers (22 miles) west of Jerusalem and 18 kilometers (11 miles) north of Tell es-Safi, the nearly likely site of the Philistine city of Gath.
Revadim was established in 1950 by Jewish refugees from Soviet-occupied Poland. Today it is home to several hundred residents, most of them descendants of those who fled Europe for Israel. The kibbutz is also known for its pioneering work in environmental protection.
Revadim is especially famous for its successful effort to save the nearby ancient copper mine on which it partially depends for its economy. The mine had been closed since the early 20th century but new evidence has emerged that it may have been used as a burial ground as early as the 12th century B.C.E. The Israeli government has designated the mine a National Park and has begun efforts to restore it as an open-air museum.
The Ekron cemetery was one of the largest in the country and contained the remains of people from many cultures and periods of history. It was first excavated in 1874 by Édouard de Rothschild, who was searching for artifacts to add to his collection. Although he did not find any significant objects, the excavation confirmed the existence of a large necropolis that had been long forgotten.
Dothan, an old Biblical town in Israel. Tell Dothan lies in the northern Samaria Hills, on the eastern side of the Dothan Valley, some 22 kilometers north of Shechem and 10 kilometers south of Jenin. The city was built into a fortified hill station during the time of King David. These days, most people live for agriculture and tourism.
In 2007, Dothan had a population of about 40,000 people. About half are Israeli Jews, and the rest are Palestinians or Arab Israelis. Most Jews living in Dothan commute to Tel Aviv for work, while most Palestinians work in jobs such as construction which can be either local or abroad.
The peace treaty between Israel and Jordan provides for freedom of movement between the two countries, so there is no border barrier preventing Palestinians from going to work in Israel. However, many restrictions exist on what can be done if one is born in one country but lives in the other. For example, a Palestinian citizen of Israel cannot vote in elections for the Knesset (Israeli Parliament), although they are eligible.
It's also worth mentioning that Israel has exclusive control over its borders, and can decide at any time to add additional security measures. In recent years, it has prevented Palestinians from working in its territory, so this option should be considered if you're a Palestinian citizen of Israel.
Jerusalem, Israel is located in the northern hemisphere, 2,196.42 miles (3,534.79 kilometers) north of the equator. The city's geographic latitude 40 degrees north, while its longitude from London is approximately 9 degrees east.
In terms of distance, Jerusalem is slightly farther away from the equator than San Francisco, California is from the equator (8,896.02 miles or 14,897.26 kilometers).
The average latitude for any major city in Israel is about 40 degrees N. Jerusalem has a desert climate, with hot, dry summers and cold, wetter winters.
It is this difference in temperature that gives rise to the annual cycle of spring and fall. In the Northern Hemisphere, winter is the time when the ground is frozen solid, but not yet leafy out. In the Southern Hemisphere, summer is when the ground is green and growing things are blooming, but not yet frozen over.
Since Jerusalem is so far north, it gets very cold in winter, with daytime temperatures that rarely rise above 0 degrees Celsius and nighttime temperatures that often drop below -15 degrees Celsius. But since it's also so far away from any ocean, it doesn't get much rain either.
To the east, the city overlooks the Dead Sea and the Jordan River, as well as the barren highlands of eastern Jordan (the biblical mountains of Moab). It faces the coastal plain and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, some 35 miles (60 kilometers) distant. The Judean Desert forms the northern and western boundaries of the city.
Jerusalem is surrounded by walls that were originally built around the ancient city but have since been expanded upon. The walls range in height from under five feet to over forty-five feet, with an average height of about fourteen feet. They contain more than a thousand towers, some of which are still standing while others are ruins today. The walls collectively measure more than a mile around the city center.
The Gihon Spring is one of three sources of water for Jerusalem; the other two being the Siloam Tunnel and the Western Water System. The Gihon Spring feeds into the King's Garden, which was once a large public square that was enclosed by protective walls. This area is where Solomon's Temple was located along with many other Jewish temples before them. Today, it is known as the Zion Square.
The Benjamin Gate is one of the four original gates that led into Jerusalem's old city wall. It is named after King Benjamin, who ordered its construction. The gate remains intact today, although it is not open to the public due to security concerns.