As a result, the shipbuilder needed around 6 years to complete the aircraft carrier. It took nearly eight years for the builders of the world's largest aircraft carrier, the USS Ford-class, to complete it. The HMS Queen Elizabeth will be slightly longer than the current Ford class carriers but will have more than double the flight deck space. It is expected to be launched in 2017 and commissioned in 2020.
An aircraft carrier is a large floating military platform on which aircraft can be flown off and landed again. An aircraft carrier does not need to be a warship in itself; it can be used in conjunction with other ships or even land based facilities. For example, the United States has aircraft carriers that are used solely as training vessels. Other countries have used cargo ships or even pure passenger liners as aircraft carriers.
World War II brought out the first modern aircraft carriers when both the United States and United Kingdom decided to use them as platforms for advanced fighter planes at the time, the F6F Hellcat and the Supermarine Spitfire. These ships were too big to fit inside a naval hangar so they had their aircraft mounted atop their hulls.
Since then, only two countries have built new aircraft carriers: the United States and Russia. Both of these carriers are nuclear powered and cost about $8 billion each.
In March 1922, the first US carrier, a converted collier dubbed the USS Langley, entered the navy. The Hosyo, a Japanese carrier that entered service in December 1922, was the first carrier designed from the keel up. The USS Langley, the first aircraft carrier of the United States Navy, was launched in 1927. She served in the Atlantic Ocean during the early 1930s before being sold for scrap in 1935.
Carriers have been important to all three major powers in modern times. Japan's carriers were crucial in winning its wars against China and Russia. The US used its carriers to win World War II in the Pacific. Since then, the role of carriers has changed: they now serve as flagships, supply vessels, and training ships. However, no country other than Japan has developed a new class of carrier since the US withdrew its last carrier, the USS George Washington, in 1992.
The world's largest carrier is the Chinese carrier Liaoning, which was commissioned in 2012. It has a full-load displacement of 67,000 tons and features an airfield large enough to land Boeing 747 jets.
The UK also has a carrier, the HMS Queen Elizabeth, which is currently under construction at the shipyard of STX France. When completed in 2020, it will be the biggest ship ever built in Europe. The queen Elizabeth will have a full-load displacement of 65,000 tons and will be able to carry 90 fighter planes.
Aircraft Carriers: Canada manned two carriers during WWII, however they were commissioned as Royal Navy ships. The ships carried around 20 aircraft with a crew of 1,000 and a top speed of 18 knots. They were very effective at sinking enemy ships and their presence often forced the Germans to keep their forces on land instead of sailing them themselves.
They were not used as battle tanks like you might think, rather they were designed to provide air support for ground troops. If anything, they were more useful when they were sunk by enemy ships because then the pilots could use their experience to help guide other planes away from danger.
Canada didn't have any domestic aircraft manufacturers so all their planes were bought from America or Britain. One of the Canadian carriers was destroyed during the war but the other one is still in service today!
It's been said that history is written by the winners but in this case it can be seen as history is rewritten by the winners as well. There are many stories about both ships being repaired after being damaged during battles but never rebuilt - yet here they both are today!
I haven't found any evidence that would suggest that either ship was ever attacked by Germany but since they were carrying British crews they probably weren't needed by the Germans.
The Washington Naval Treaty effectively put a halt to the construction of new battleship fleets, and the few ships that were built were constrained in size and firepower. Many existing major ships were decommissioned. Some ships in the works were converted into aircraft carriers instead. The treaty was signed by nine nations: America, Australia, Britain, France, Japan, Norway, Russia (the Soviet Union), Sweden, and Italy.
These nations agreed not to have battleships with a displacement of more than 10,000 tons or an overall length of over 100 feet. They also agreed to limit their naval forces to no more than 12 submarines for each country. These restrictions were intended to give all nations time to recover from the economic crises of the time. The treaty was to last for seven years, but it was renewed each year until World War II broke out in Europe in 1939.
The United States refused to sign the treaty because they didn't want to be limited in naval capacity, and they believed they needed large warships to defend themselves against potential enemies. However, the government did agree to respect the limits set forth in the treaty if others would do the same.
After the treaty was signed, some people believe this showed that these countries weren't really interested in fighting each other, they just wanted to keep their military strength high so they could fight America instead.