One out of every five Floridians is an immigrant, while almost one out of every eight is a native-born U.S. citizen with at least one immigrant parent. Immigrants (foreign-born persons) made up 20.2 percent of the overall population in 2015. Immigrants made up 2 million women, 1.8 million men, and 219,060 children in Florida. The most common countries of origin for immigrants to Florida are Mexico, Cuba, Venezuela, and Colombia.
The number of immigrants living in Florida has increased by about 250,000 since 2005. This increase has been due to more people coming into the state to work and have been joined by some who already live in Florida but were born in another country.
Florida was one of the first states to allow immigrants to become citizens. In fact, the first permanent European settlement in Florida was built by French Huguenots who came to escape religious persecution in France. These settlers also called their new town "Flaord" which means "my freedom". Today, there are three nationalities that account for most of the state's immigrants: Mexicans, Colombians, and Cubans. Together, they make up 75% of the state's immigrant population.
In addition to being one of the top states for immigrants, Florida is also one of the most popular destinations for refugees and migrants looking to start new lives. Many refugees come to Florida because of its location - it is the closest large southern state to Central America - as well as its relatively easy access to employment opportunities.
17 percentage points One out of every six Texas inhabitants is an immigrant, and another one out of every six is a native-born U.S. citizen with at least one immigrant parent. In 2018, 4.9 million immigrants (foreign-born persons) accounted for 17% of the population. The largest groups of immigrants to Texas were Mexicans (2.3 million), followed by Central Americans (838,000).
Of the state's total population in 2017, 5.6 million people were born in another country. This number includes 1.5 million naturalized citizens and 4.1 million native-born people. Of these, 2.3 million (43%) are Latino, 1.7 million (32%) are white, 622,000 (12%) are African American, and 129,000 (2%) are Asian.
The foreign-born population of Texas has increased by 54% since 2000, when it was still a relatively small share of the state's total population. At that time, there were 1.5 million immigrants living in Texas, or 8% of its total population. Since then, the number of immigrants has risen further due to changes in immigration law and enforcement practices that have allowed more undocumented immigrants to stay and work in the United States. In addition, the aging of the overall population and the growth of many non-immigrant populations such as black Americans and Asians have contributed to the increase.
The United States
The state has drawn a large number of immigrants, notably from Latin America. The main ethnic group in Florida is European Americans, with around 65 percent of the population identifying as white. Cubans are one of the state's national ethnic populations, having relocated in large numbers following the revolution in the mid-twentieth century. They account for nearly 10 percent of Florida's residents.
Other important immigrant groups include people from Asia (mainly Indian citizens), and Africa (mostly citizens of Ethiopia). Together, these three groups make up over 90 percent of Florida's foreign-born population.
In 2017, there were approximately 1.7 million immigrants living in Florida, accounting for more than 70 percent of the state's total population increase that year. Of these, about 712,000 were naturalized citizens, which means they had been granted full rights to live and work in the United States. The remaining 506,000 were non-citizen residents, including those who were authorized to stay but hadn't taken advantage of this opportunity or those who were in the country illegally.
Florida was originally part of one large colony that included what are now Louisiana and Texas. This area was developed by Europeans until it was bought by the US government in 1821. Since then, it has been a popular destination for American settlers looking for a new start. In fact, around 12 percent of all Americans have settled here, making it the second most common place after California.
People of Puerto Rican and Cuban heritage, unsurprisingly, dominate Florida. According to the most recent Census data from 2010, the total Hispanic or Latino population of Jacksonville is 63,485, accounting for 7.7 percent of the total population of 821,784.
Of that number, about 70 percent are of Puerto Rican origin, with another 10 percent being Cuban. There are also small numbers of Mexicans and Central Americans.
Jacksonville has seen an increase in its Hispanic population over the past decade, when you take into account growth and immigration. Between 2000 and 2010, the number of Hispanics in the city increased by approximately 25,000 people. That's more than any other group in the city. The majority of these newcomers are of Puerto Rican origin.
Jacksonville has some of the highest rates of unemployment in North Florida, so it isn't surprising that many Hispanics are forced to work in the shadow economy, sometimes as part of a gang. This can result in less access to social services such as health care and education, which can hinder individuals' chances of getting a job with a regular employer.
Some Hispanics in Jacksonville have found success in business. Walgreens, the largest drugstore chain in the United States, has several locations in the city. Its founder, Bernard Marcus, was born in Jacksonville to Puerto Rican parents.