St. James, commonly known as James, the Lord's Brother (died 62 AD in Jerusalem; Western feast day May 3) was a Christian apostle according to St. Paul, however he was not one of the original Twelve Apostles. According to some sources, James was born around 6 B.C. and he was buried in Palestine.
He is often depicted with a sword or knife stuck through his body because he was killed by the sword. His death occurred during the Jewish war between Jews and Romans over control of Judea. This war lasted from 66 to 69 AD and it resulted in the destruction of much of Jerusalem. The battle that led to James' death took place near the city of Bethany, about five miles away from Jerusalem.
After the battle, both Roman and Jewish soldiers would take items from the bodies of dead people for themselves. In this case, the soldier who found James' body took it for himself. Since this soldier did not have time to take anything, many scholars believe that he were after something special and that it must have been a ring or other jewelry. After the soldier took it, he went back to his camp while James was taken to Rome where he became famous. Pope Callistus declared him a saint in 1969.
St. James, also known as James, son of Zebedee, or James the Greater, (born in Galilee, Palestine—died in 44 CE, Jerusalem; feast day July 25), one of the Twelve Apostles, distinguished as being in Jesus' innermost circle and the only apostle whose martyrdom is recorded in the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles (Acts 12:2). He played an important role in the early growth of the church and was with Peter when they were all arrested by the Roman governor. After being put before the governor, he denied knowing Christ even after repeated questions by the governor. For this reason he was crucified by order of the governor. His body was placed in a tomb on the site where it now stands but was later removed and taken to Jerusalem's Old City for burial. In 606, the Holy Spirit came upon St. Simeon, the bishop of Jerusalem, who was praying at the site of the tomb. When he rose from his prayer, he saw a vision of Jesus Christ who told him that St. James had been raised from the dead. The news spread quickly through Jerusalem and caused such joy that St. Stephen, another of Jesus' disciples, was moved to praise God for His act of mercy.
James, one of the most influential apostles of the early church, was considered by many to be the leader of the apostles. He preached the gospel in Europe and established many churches there. He also played an important role in the conversion of Emperor Constantine and was with Peter when he fell asleep during the crucifixion of Christ.
He was an early leader of the Jerusalem Apostolic Church. In AD 62 or 69, he died as a martyr... Jesus' brother, James.
|Saint James the Just|
|Died||69 AD or 62 AD Jerusalem|
|Venerated in||All Christian denominations|
44 Ce James, also known as James, son of Zebedee, or James the Greater, (born in Galilee, Palestine—died in 44 Ce, Jerusalem; feast day July 25), one of the Twelve Apostles, distinguished as being in Jesus' innermost circle and the only apostle whose martyrdom is recorded in the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles, distinguished as being in Jesus' innermost circle and the only apostle whose martyrdom is recorded in the New Testament (Acts 12:2). He may have been the brother of John (see the biography of John for more information).
James's mother was named Mary. The family lived in Capernaum, which was then a small town in northern Galilee. They had several businesses there, including a carpenter shop where James probably worked with his father. It is believed that he traveled with Peter and John when they went to Jerusalem for the festival of Passover in 28-29 Ce.
In 33-36 Ce, Paul visited Jerusalem during his third missionary journey. On his way home, he stopped off in Greece, where he met up with James and John at Ephesus. It is believed that they traveled together to Macedonia and then on to Jerusalem, where Paul arrived before them. When they arrived in Jerusalem, they joined Peter in Antioch until they were sent out again by Christ to spread the gospel.
During the time between Christ's resurrection and the beginning of the church, Peter preached many times in Jerusalem, often from the temple grounds. It is believed that James too preached during this period.