ACETIC ACID (ICSC 0363). Flammable Explosive vapour/air combinations can develop at temperatures over 39 degrees Celsius. When exposed to powerful oxidants, there is a risk of fire and explosion. Acetic acid finds use in the manufacture of plastic products, but it can also be used as a rocket fuel.
Acetic acid has been used as a rocket fuel because it is highly volatile and burns with a hot flame. It is also very soluble in water so will not build up on engine components like other fuels might. Acetic acid has been used as an explosive for hundreds of years. Modern uses include pesticide production and as a chemical intermediate.
When mixed with oxygen and heat, acetylene becomes a powerful explosive. This is why acetylene lamps explode when blown out or when burned too quickly. Acetylene is a clear, colorless gas that is slightly toxic. It is made by heating ethyl alcohol and calcium carbide together in a torch. The resulting mixture is extremely flammable with an odor similar to that of burning rubber.
Acetylene is used in many industries, such as steel manufacturing, plastic molding, welding, and electrical power production. It can also be used as an aerosol propellant when combined with air and ethanol or methanol (for higher energy content).
ISOPENTANE (ICSC 1153): A very flammable substance. Heating will result in an increase in pressure, with the risk of bursting. Vapour/air combinations are very flammable. Contact with water causes violent combustion.
ISOPENTANE can be used in an open container as long as it is not exposed to heat or sunlight. The vapours are toxic if inhaled. They react with metal surfaces to form brittle layers that may fracture under slight stress. Isopentane should never be stored in a car engine because it could cause damage to the fuel system.
During transport ISOPENTANE should be kept in a hermetically sealed container away from oxygen and other combustibles. The risk of explosion is high. Exposure to heat or sunlight increases the risk of fire.
ISOPENTANE is used in scientific laboratories as a solvent for cleaning glassware and equipment. It is also used in printing processes. Its boiling point is 77°C (170°F), which means it is less volatile than other common solvents such as hexane or benzene.
In science labs isopropanol is used as a substitute for isopentane. However, isopropanol is more toxic and reacts with copper at room temperature. Therefore, it is recommended to use isopentane instead.
Acetic acid, being a key component of plentiful biomass or bio-oil, may be utilized directly as an efficient fuel to create power using SOFC technology. It might be a potential alternative approach for efficient power generation in the future, with high environmental friendliness and long-term viability.
ACETIC ACID (ICSC 0363). Flammable. Explosive vapour/air combinations can develop at temperatures over 39 degrees Celsius. When exposed to powerful oxidants, there is a risk of fire and explosion.
Alkane Sulfonic Acid is a FIRE HAZARD because it is a COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID or SOLID. It produces heat when burned and leaves a residue that can cause damage to your skin, eyes, and respiratory system.
Sulfuric acid is a very reactive substance that can cause serious injury if it comes in contact with any part of the body. It is important to avoid exposure to sulfuric acid as much as possible. If acid spills on you or enters through your skin, immediately rinse off with water to prevent harm to your skin.
The vapor from sulfuric acid is extremely toxic and can cause irritation of the lungs quickly. Exposure to large amounts over time may also lead to death. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has set a limit of 1 milliliter of sulfuric acid per 100 cubic meters of air at one-half meter above the floor for an eight-hour workday. This means that workers should not be exposed to acid vapors at levels higher than this for eight hours daily.
Acid fumes are highly corrosive and can eat away at metal surfaces such as piping, machinery, and batteries.