Is ancient Greece a time period?

Is ancient Greece a time period?

Ancient Greece (Greek: Ellas, romanized: Hellas) was a civilisation that flourished throughout the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th century BC to the end of antiquity (c. AD 600). It included many independent city-states such as Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and others.

Greece is a peninsula in southern Europe with a land area of about 100,000 km2 (39,000 sq mi). Most of Greece is mountainous or hilly. The central portion of the country is dominated by plateaus and valleys with occasional high peaks. The north is colder than the south due to its location farther from continental Europe.

The Greeks are known for their culture and civilization which began around 3000 BC. Modern scholars date the emergence of the Greek language group to about 1200 BC and that of Greek mythology to about 1400 BC. However, it may be more accurate to say that these things existed separately before they became widely known or important outside their respective communities.

In other words, it's possible the modern term "Greek" itself didn't exist until much later. The word probably has its origins in the language of the colonists who settled in the Greek region, but it's not clear if they were Greek themselves or not.

What do archeologists call the first period of ancient Greece?

Beginning of the Greek Archaic Period Around 800 BC, the civilization commonly referred to as "Ancient Greece" began. The Greek Archaic Time is the initial portion of this period. Many Greek city-states began to establish and acquire influence during this period. They were often small states who were fighting for their survival under very difficult circumstances.

The Greek Archaic period comes after a long period known as the Bronze Age. During this time, most countries in Europe, Asia, and North Africa were mainly occupied by tribes of nomadic hunters called "Celts". It was not until the beginning of the Iron Age that people started to build large cities and develop agriculture.

In Europe, the start of the Iron Age is usually dated to about 1000 BC. However, it may have begun earlier or later in certain regions. In general, this age lasted until about 500 BC when many countries began to experience major changes through wars, moving their capital cities, and creating one nation state instead of many small states.

After the end of the Bronze Age, many new diseases appeared which caused many people to die out of existence. There are only remains of these people left behind by archaeologists. These remains are called "Archeological Sites".

Many important things have been found at Archeological Sites such as weapons, tools, armor, pottery, and even buildings.

What do we call the period of ancient Greece?

The phrase "Ancient" or "Archaic" Greece refers to the years 700–480 B.C., as opposed to the Classical Age (480–323) B.C., which is recognized for its art, architecture, and philosophy. Archaic Greece had achievements in art, poetry, and technology, but it is best recognized as the period of the polis, or city-state. In this political system, every citizen was also a voter, so it was a popular movement that brought about many of these reforms.

In order to better understand Ancient Greek culture, it is helpful to know where it came from. Archaeologists believe that central Europe (present-day Germany) was the birthplace of European civilization, with major advances in mathematics, science, architecture, warfare, slavery, and democracy coming before 500 B.C. From there, various cultures migrated to different parts of the world. The Greeks traveled south to Athens, where they established their own government in 508 B.C. By the time of Alexander the Great, around 330 B.C., they had spread throughout Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). However, the Macedonians under Philip II conquered much of Europe as well, so the word "Greece" originally meant all of Europe.

During the Golden Age of Athens, from 548 to 404 B.c., artists, poets, philosophers, scientists, politicians -- everyone had a voice in Athenian society. Women were granted equal rights with men, and even became leaders themselves.

What is the Ancient Greece summary?

Ancient Greece was a civilisation that ruled most of the Mediterranean for thousands of years. Much of today's Western civilization is based on the foundations of Ancient Greece. The Ancient Greeks had an effect on everything from governance to philosophy, science, mathematics, art, literature, and even sports.

As one of the world's first civilizations, the focus of Ancient Greece was on architecture, sculpture, painting, poetry, music, theater, math, logic, science, politics, warfare, food, slavery, freedom, gender equality, social equality, economic equality.

Modern scholars believe that the ancient kingdom of Greece emerged around 3000 BC. It lasted until it was replaced by Rome as leader of the Western world 2600 years later. During its peak, the city-state of Athens was without equal for its time in the arts and sciences. It is from this era that we get our idea of what modern Europe and America look like.

In other words, Ancient Greece is important because it was there that people started thinking differently, exploring new ideas, creating new ways of doing things. Without them, there would be no Plato or Aristotle, no Socrates or Cicero. In fact, almost all major innovations in culture and technology over the last 3,000 years can be traced back to the Greeks.

And yet, despite their influence, there is not much evidence that any of the ancient Greeks actually traveled outside of Greece.

Why are the Greek Dark Ages called so?

The Dark Ages in Greece For a long time, the year 1100 B.C. or so was thought to signal the end of higher civilisation in the Aegean. The next time (1100–750 B.C.) is commonly referred to as the Dark Ages of Greece, and it is properly termed. This is due in part to the Aegean's poverty and in part to situations elsewhere. For example, there is evidence that parts of Italy were being settled by people who may have come from the Middle East.

During this period, written records disappear from many sites, including Mycenae, which had been one of the most powerful kingdoms in Europe. Also, most of the major monuments built during the Bronze Age remain standing but empty. Only in the late 9th century B.C. do we start to see some activity at certain sites such as Tiryns, where refugees from the lost cities on the island of Atlantis might be expected to settle.

So the term "dark age" is accurate but needs clarification. After all, the whole world went through dark periods, such as the Iron Age, when no writing exists.

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Ronald Defoor

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