Both Calafia and California, she claimed, were most likely derived from the Arabic word khalifa, which signifies steward, successor, or leader. In Spanish, the same term was califa, which could be readily shortened to California to stand for "country of the caliph" khlyf, or Calafia to stand for "female caliph" khlyfh. The original owner of this land was Abdullah ibn Abd al-Malik, a great-grandson of the Prophet Muhammad.
In conclusion, California is both proper noun and place name. The origin of its name is not certain but it may have been coined by Ferdinand de Lesseps, an Italian diplomat who in 1868 proposed that it would make a good name for a country since "California means 'little Arabia'".
There are several ideas as to where the name California originated. Some believe it is derived from the Latin or Spanish words for "hot furnace" (c alida fornax in Latin or caliente horno in Spanish). Josefa Carrillo de Fitch, a California pioneer, was sure that California was an indigenous name. She said it came from the Chumash people who lived there and called the area kal umi shara meaning "land of many waters". Other theories include claims that it comes from the Cupeño language spoken by some Native Americans in Santa Cruz County; or that it is a corruption of the Mexican word para Cristo ("for Christ") because it was once part of Mexico proper; or that it is a combination of the names of the first Europeans to see it, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and Juan De Oñez. The name has also been attributed to various other figures such as Pedro Cervantes de Castilla, a Spanish soldier who led an expedition into what is now California, or Alonso García de Veraza, a Portuguese explorer who sailed past the area looking for China.
California was officially granted to Spain in 1782. The name was then passed on to the United States when Los Angeles was annexed by America in 1848.
Several alternative explanations have been presented as probable origins of the word California, but they have all been rejected, or at the very least considered by historians to be less persuasive than the book, Las Sergas de Esplandian. Among the most researched other theories are the following:
The first documented use of the word California was in 1772 when it was described by Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza as a good land for raising crops. The term came from the native Indians who lived there.
In 1804 the United States acquired the territory from Spain and renamed it California. The acquisition was part of President Thomas Jefferson's plan to expand the country westward.
In 1846 California became a state in the United States. Before this time, it had only been a province of Mexico. The name California comes from the Califas, a tribe of Native Americans who lived there before the Spanish arrived. They called the area Ka'ala Makani after a giant redwood tree that stood near their village.
People begin to move to California in the late 18th century. They come from all over the world, especially from Europe, because there are fertile lands available for farming and ranching. In addition, there are jobs in the growing cities such as San Francisco. By 1848, more than 10,000 people live in California.
Lower California, Baja California. /('baeha')/noun. Lower California's Spanish name. Origin: Baja California was first known as Alta California (Upper California) until 1819, when it was split off from Mexico.
Baja California has two national parks and several other protected areas, including a marine sanctuary. It also has many beaches that are considered among the best in Mexico for surfing and fishing.
The state of Baja California shares land borders with Arizona to the west, Nevada to the east, and Sinaloa and Sonora states to the north. It is one of 32 federal entities that make up Mexico. The capital city of Mexico City is about 450 miles away from Baja California's Pacific coast.
Baja California has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and mild wet winters. Annual precipitation is less than 20 inches; most rain falls between March and October. Average temperature varies little throughout the year, around 55 degrees Fahrenheit.
The Aztec used boats made of wood and animal skin to cross from Baja California into the United States, beginning in 1531. The first documented crossing into present-day California took place a decade later.
Cali is just used to shorten the name and sell it. I only hear Californians use "Cali" when they're criticizing those who try to perform imitation of Californians. The fact is that California is short for California-on-the-Bay and has been since 1819 when it was part of Mexico.
The California of the 16th Century Spanish Explorers California was called after a 16th-century romantic tale published by a Spanish author named Garcia Ordonez de Montalvo. In this story, there is a country called Cali where the main character comes from. This story had a great influence on how people thought about Mexico's Southern California until it was proven not to be true in the early 19th century.
Nowadays, California is used to describe two countries: Canada and the United States. The term originated with the 1772 Treaty of San Lorenzo, which defined the border between Spain and France (later France and Spain would join together into one country, Spain being the junior partner). Under this treaty, California was declared to be a free territory, which meant that it was under no government nor sovereignty but could decide for itself. When Spain became bankrupt, the treaty was not enforced and California came under the control of the British Empire through its possession of Mexico.
So yes, California is a Mexican word.