Furthermore, based on a mention by the Roman historian Pliny the Elder, Colchester has long been considered as Britain's earliest documented town. While describing Anglesey about AD77, he said, "it is roughly 200 kilometers from Camulodunum, a town in Britain." Modern historians believe that Colchester was established around this time.
Colchester is one of the oldest cities in England. It was originally called Cobaltium, after the blue metal used in its coins. The Anglo-Saxons renamed it Cilcester after the Celtic god Cerial. In the 10th century, the name was changed again to Colchester because the original Saxon name was difficult for people to say. Today, it is known as both a city and a port town.
It is located in east Essex, about 20 miles from London. The city's population is about 80,000 people. There are many famous people who were born in Colchester. They include composer Edward Elgar, painter John Constable, and comedian Charlie Chaplin. Colchester was also the home of Julius Caesar when he was studying at what is now Royal Holloway University of London.
He wrote about his experiences there in his book "Commentaries on the Gallic War". Although not all scholars agree, some think the evidence shows that Colchester was destroyed by lightning in 50 BC!
Living in Colchester offers inhabitants a wonderful blend of ancient history and a modern way of life. As one of the county's largest towns, the town thrives in its leadership role. It is home to several major universities including Essex University, which has 17,000 students; Colchester Institute, which has 10,500 students; and the University of Essex, which has 12,000 students.
Colchester is known for its association with fishing. The town was originally built around a port that served fishermen from Europe and beyond. Today, it is home to a large fishing industry that employs many people.
Essex is one of the most affluent counties in England. It has a very high employment rate, more than 9% compared with 7.9% nationally. Its average household income is £57,085, which is higher than the national average of £53,046. This is partly due to the fact that it has fewer households with no property ownership than other counties. In fact, only 4.5% of households are homeless, while the national figure is 5.7%.
The island on which Colchester stands was owned by the Crown until Queen Elizabeth I acquired it as part of her estate. She made it a free borough, which meant that it could self-govern within limits set by law.
Colchester became the first capital of Roman Britain about 2,000 years ago. Emperor Claudius bestowed city status on Colchester, then known as Camulodunum, by establishing it as a Roman Colonia. The city flourished during its period as a Roman settlement and after its conquest by the English in 1066.
Today, Colchester is a large port city on the River Colne in Essex, England. It is 231 miles west of London, 15 miles from the coast at Clacton-on-Sea, and 65 miles northeast of Brighton. The population of Colchester was 156,200 in 2011, making it the ninth most populous city in the East of England.
The history of Colchester begins with that of its founder, Colus, who is said to have been a Celtic chieftain who settled in what is now called Colchester. His name has been translated into English as "of the Coli tribe", who may have been a people living near the river Colne. According to some historians, Colus built his town on an island in the river where it meets the sea, but this is not certain. What is certain is that he established himself as king over part of what is now called Essex, and that the area around him came to be called Colonia.