Physical characteristics such as rivers, mountains, deserts, or glaciers define state boundaries, as can cultural features such as religion, culture, or ethnicity. Landforms such as cliffs and caves may also define state borders.
The following is a list of some of the physical features of states:
Alaska has many large islands that are not connected to other lands. Alaska was originally part of Russia until it became its own country in 1959.
Arizona has mountains, deserts, lakes, and rivers. Arizona was created as a territory of the United States in 1848. It became a state in 1912.
Arkansas has mountains, hills, rivers, lakes, and deserts. Arkansas was founded as a colony of Virginia in 1716 and became a state in 1836.
California has beaches, deserts, forests, lakes, and rivers. California was founded as a mission settlement in 1776 and became a state in 1850.
Colorado has mountains, valleys, lakes, and deserts. Colorado was founded as a territory of Mexico in 1821 and became a state in 1889.
Connecticut has long islands, rivers, bays, and ponds.
Boundaries divide distinct parts of the Earth in geography. Boundaries come in a variety of shapes and sizes. A naturally formed barrier that separates two regions Physical borders might be rivers, mountain ranges, seas, or deserts. Political boundaries between nations or states frequently form along physical limits. Natural boundaries include ice caps and glaciers, deserts, oceans, and mountains. Man-made boundaries include fences, walls, and bridges.
Borders are also used to separate different properties such as estates, farms, oranga (for tribal lands), within one country. These internal borders may not be visible from outside the property they mark out, but they still define where one entity ends and another begins. For example, a household might have a garden on one side of its building and a parking lot on the other; but both of these are part of the same yard - which is under the control of the same landlord. Internal borders are important in estate planning to ensure that assets are distributed according to your wishes should you die without a will.
Borders can also be used to separate different use values such as commercial zones, residential areas, or green spaces. These are called functional borders and they usually reflect the needs of the surrounding community. For example, a town might have a commercial district at its center and residential neighborhoods around it; this shows that the city has a need for separation between those who live in town and those who do not.
Its "material foundation" is territory. A state's territory includes: I land, mountains, rivers, and lakes inside its borders; Ii territorial water extending six miles into the sea from the shore; and Iii air space above its territory. No other country or organization has jurisdiction over these areas.
In addition to land, states have materialized other elements in their existence including money, computers, and even electricity. However many of these elements can be reproduced at a microscopic level using technology and thus cannot constitute a permanent part of a state's makeup. For example, a computer disk can be manufactured and used by one person or entity for several years before it is replaced with another disk. The fact that such disks are reproducible does not change this fact - they are still only pieces of metal etched with patterns on their surfaces. A state is different because it exists as an independent political entity with a defined territory called its "territory."
A territory can only be occupied by one state at a time and only that state's citizens can live in it. A territory can also be shared between two or more states if both parties agree to do so. Many countries share territories - especially continents - with other countries and often sign treaties to avoid conflicts over boundaries. However, this is different from constituting an independent state with its own government, laws, and military.