The colonies were divided into three regions: New England, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. New England consisted of 12 colonies from Massachusetts to New Jersey. The Middle Colonies included 8 middle-sized colonies between Pennsylvania and Georgia. The Southern Colonies were 7 smaller colonies in South Carolina and Georgia.
These three regions had a huge impact on how America was run and what it became. New England encouraged independence from Britain and created a government based on democracy. The Middle Colonies relied on trade with Britain for most of their wealth and owned many slaves. The Southern Colonies followed a plan similar to Virginia's but were more interested in growing cotton than tobacco.
New Englanders were the first Americans and played an important role in the fight for American Independence. They also helped create the United States government and are still responsible for naming all 50 states. The Middle Colonials were made up of colonies that grew valuable crops such as corn and wheat that they shipped to London for sale. These colonies used their profits to buy weapons to defend themselves against attacks from Native Americans but did not want to be independent. The Southern Colonies were founded by people who came over on slave ships and used slavery as their main source of income.
The 13 colonies were divided into three geographical regions: the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Each colony had its own government and laws they could do whatever they wanted with their land they owned everything from town greens to huge tracts of forest.
Taxation was collected by each colony to support its government institutions such as schools and churches. Some colonies also supported their own military forces.
In addition to taxes, the colonies also received funds from England to cover the cost of shipping them goods and supplying them with equipment. With so many things to manage the colonies didn't have much time for fighting each other. The only war the colonies participated in was the French and Indian War which is when America came into existence as a country.
After the American Revolution the thirteen colonies formed the United States of America. The three provinces where the colonies were located became different states: Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and New York state. Virginia became the fourth state. The original thirteen states plus Alaska and Hawaii.
New England consisted of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Most of this region is part of the northeastern corner of the United States.
The original 13 colonies can be divided into three zones (groups related by location) based on their characteristics: New England, Middle, and Southern. Within each zone, there are differences in climate, people, and industry that influence how they developed.
New England was originally a separate colony from Virginia. It consisted of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire. Most of its land is made up of mountains or hills, with small amounts of farmland. The region has very cold winters and hot summers, with temperatures varying little throughout the year. It has a temperate climate.
Middle Colonies includes Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and South Carolina. These colonies shared many laws and regulations, but also had their own local governments with rules about commerce, property ownership, and justice systems. Middle Colonies also has many large estates of land owned by wealthy individuals. This is different from New England where most people live in farms or villages with less than 20 acres of land.
Southern Colonies consists of Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi. Like Middle Colonies, it has many large estates of land owned by wealthy individuals, but also has many smaller farms and plantations as well. In addition, it has many ports where goods are shipped to other countries from America.
The colonies were sometimes classified into three regions: New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies. Other British colonies in America that never became nations include the Lost Colony of Roanoke and the Plymouth Colony (which became part of Massachusetts Bay Colony).
New England Colonies included Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. These colonies were founded before the Revolutionary War began, so they did not fight in that war. Instead, they formed alliances with other countries to protect themselves from attacks by foreign armies.
Middle Colonies included New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Many soldiers from these colonies fought in both the French and Indian Wars and the American Revolution.
Southern Colonies included Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Missouri, Arkansas, and Texas. Most of these colonies were founded after the Revolutionary War began, so they participated in that war.
Each colony had its own government and laws they could do whatever they wanted with their land but after the American Revolution all the colonies united and created a new country called The United States of America.
The 13 colonies that comprised the United States of America are divided into three geographical regions: New England colonies, Middle Colonies, and Southern colonies. New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware comprised the Middle Colonies. The southern colonies were dominated by Britain's economy and culture until the American Revolution.
New England was made up of six colonies: Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. These colonies were founded by people from England who wanted to create societies where Christians could practice their faith without interference from the government. These colonies had very liberal laws they did not want to be like England where religion was used as a tool for control over its citizens.
The Middle Colonies consisted of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. They were led by executives called governors who were appointed by the king or his ministers. Like in New England, people moved to these areas looking for new opportunities and a better life. Many came from Europe, but also many indigenous Americans moved there too.
The South was made up of eight colonies: Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Georgia. This region was known as the "Crown Colony" because it was under the control of the king.
How did living differ in each of the British colonies' three major regions? Each region's economy and civilization evolved differently. In the Middle Colonies, between New York and Virginia, small farms grew food for markets along the East Coast and in Europe. In the South Colony, down south from Maryland to Georgia, large plantations produced cotton for markets in Europe and America.
New England was by far the least developed region. It consisted of small farms that grew mainly corn and wheat for their own use. There were no factories or cities, only homes with few windows and thin walls. Life was hard and people moved around a lot. In the early years, families took root in one town and then moved on when they had enough money saved up. There were no roads or canals, so trade came mostly through Britain and the rest of the world used sails instead.
Economically, New England was at the bottom of all three regions. There was almost no industry other than fishing and hunting. No matter how much you got, there was never any way to keep what you made. There were frequent wars between the English and French over control of North America. These wars cost a lot of money that could not be raised in America so the government had to borrow it from banks in London or Amsterdam.