Fatigue, distraction, lack of concentration, lack of interest, and uncertainty regarding work expectations are among performance characteristics that might impair language ability. The combined impacts of these elements are referred to as "noise." Noise can be internal or external. Internal noise includes fatigue, anxiety, frustration, and boredom. External noise includes background noise, interruptions, and difficulty hearing what others are saying.
Linguistic performance can also be affected by personal traits such as intelligence, motivation, self-control, and experience. For example, someone who is intelligent may understand the importance of language use more quickly than someone who is less intelligent. Someone who has poor self-control may be distracted by thoughts about other things when trying to communicate with others. Someone who has good self-control may focus on the conversation at hand rather than having thoughts about other things. And someone with experience dealing with a variety of people will have better linguistic performance than someone who has never before communicated with others so cannot practice.
Finally, situational factors such as time pressure, audience size, and location can impact linguistic performance. For example, under time pressure you might say something inappropriate like "I need to go now because my boss is waiting for me" instead of asking if anyone wants coffee. Or you might not include all the necessary information in your email message because there isn't enough time to write it properly.
Elements influencing speaking performance include performance circumstances (such as time constraint, planning, performance standard, and quantity of assistance), emotional factors (such as motivation, confidence, and anxiety), and feedback during speaking activities.
Speaking ability is affected by many factors beyond a person's control, such as performance circumstances, emotional factors, and feedback. For example, a person may have good skills training but will likely fail a test if given enough time to prepare. Feedback can also affect how well we do speaking tasks. If someone observes that they made a mistake while talking, they can use that information to correct it in future conversations or meetings.
People sometimes say that you cannot learn anything from an audience because they do not give feedback, but this is not true. An audience can be very effective at correcting errors if they are given sufficient time and opportunity to do so. Additionally, audiences can be more helpful than no one at all if they are told what part of the speech they should pay attention to for feedback.
Knowing how to provide feedback on speaking tasks helps speakers improve their skills. There are two types of feedback: verbal and non-verbal. Non-verbal feedback includes gestures, facial expressions, changes in voice quality, and eye contact.
Native language, age, exposure, intrinsic phonetic aptitude, identity and linguistic ego, motivation, and desire for proper pronunciation are among the determinants. It is undeniably difficult to provide a comprehensive list of the elements that influence pronunciation. But we can say that if someone wants to learn how to pronounce words properly, he or she must have access to sufficient information about the sound system of the language.
The more you know about the sound system of the language, the easier it will be to learn its pronunciation. For example, if you know that English has five vowels, your brain will be prepared for the challenge of pronouncing French which has also been reported to have five vowels.
Age may also play a role in pronunciation learning. If you are young and not yet exposed to correct pronunciation, you will have time to learn it as you get older. However, if you are already an adult when you start learning how to speak another language, it may be difficult or even impossible to change old habits that are based on default assumptions about the way things are spoken. This is why it's important to be aware of the fact that age is just one factor that may affect your ability to learn pronunciation.
You should also understand that pronunciation does not necessarily reflect personal opinion. In many languages including English, certain sounds are considered valuable or useful and thus are preserved while others are not.