In Western music notation, a staff, often called stave, is five parallel horizontal lines that, along with a clef, represent the pitch of musical notes. The term also refers to the arrangement of these notes into chords and melodies.
The terms line and stave come from the fact that early instruments were made out of wood, which can be thought of as one-dimensional objects with some depth but no width. To indicate the relative pitches of the notes on such an instrument, musicians drew or painted the lines onto the surface of the instrument. In this way, they could see at a glance which notes were available to be played.
It is estimated that the first stringed instrument was developed around 3500 BC. It consisted of a piece of wood, carved to produce a hollow shell, which was strung with hair obtained from cows, sheep, or horses. This is why ancient instruments are called "horsehair" strings.
As time went by, other materials were used instead. Amber, bone, metal (gold, silver, brass), and finally, plastic have been used as material for the strings. But even today, some traditional instruments still include strings made of animal guts or human hair.
Staff The staff (US) or stave (UK) is a group of five horizontal lines and four spaces in Western musical notation that each indicate a distinct musical pitch or, in the case of a percussion staff, various percussion instruments. A piece of music may have a different number of lines and spaces per staff, but they all represent the same pitches.
The term "staff" comes from the old French word for "two," referring to the number of lines used on a musical score. Although a six-line staff is now commonly used in modern music, the term still applies to a four-line staff when used for organ music.
A note with no line through it is called a freestanding note. It can be played by itself as part of a melody or chord, or it can be inserted as an embellishment between notes that share a line. For example, if the C above the 4th space on the guitar staff was given a little flourish at the end of its note, this would be referred to as adding a pick-up. Similarly, if another note were added above it, this would be referred to as adding an acciaccatura.
Notes with lines through them are called tied notes. When two notes are tied, it usually means that the second note starts on the same pitch as the first note's ending tone.
The staff (US) or stave (UK) is a group of five horizontal lines and four spaces in Western musical notation that each indicate a distinct musical pitch or, in the case of a percussion staff, various percussion instruments. The term is also applied to the corresponding elements on a piano keyboard.
They are known as the black keystaircase because of their shape. Each line represents a different pitch, starting on the bottom with bass (the lowest note), then treble (the highest note). The spaces in between are called ledger lines or space marks. They are used to show where the text of a music score should be placed when multiple copies are needed (as is often the case with operatic works). There are several ways to notate music that uses more than one type of instrument, or that has more than one voice part. A simple way to represent this is by writing out the piece on separate staves, one for each instrument involved.
The harpsichord has only two pitches: high and low. To indicate these, some sort of sign is needed above the third line of the treble staff. Since the eighteenth century, a slightly raised dot has been used for the high note, and a little underlined dash for the low note. But before then, other signs had been employed: a sharp symbol for the high note and an acute accent for the low one.
The five lines on which the music is written are referred to as the stave, or the staff for bass and treble! What are clef signs used for? Clef signs are symbols that indicate the pitch of any of the five lines on a musical staff. They are used when writing out music that requires a line number other than 1-5.
There are three common types of clefs: treble, bass, and tenor. The name comes from the fact that they relate to the height of the notes that they can be used to write about. Treble clef notes are those that are played on an instrument with a high soundboard, such as a violin or a guitar. Bass clef notes are those that are played on an instrument with a low soundboard, such as a bass guitar. Tenor clef notes are those that are played on an instrument with an intermediate soundboard, such as an alto saxophone or a trumpet.
Each type of clef has several variations based on how many lines there are on the clef and which direction they go in.
The staff is a series of five horizontal lines and four spaces in Western musical notation that each indicate a different musical pitch—or, in the case of a percussion staff, various percussion instruments. The term "staff" comes from the French word staf, which means "row of soldiers" or "line of soldiers." Although originally used to refer to the line of soldiers, in modern usage the word has become synonymous with any list or arrangement.
The term "line" is applied to all the marks that connect one note with another, including slurs, ties, and broken strings. A "slur" is a diagonal mark over two or more adjacent notes; it indicates that you should play both notes at the same time. A "tie" is a thin line used to connect two notes that are played simultaneously; it can be anything from a single string being pulled tight to make a tiepin change colors to a piece of paper tied around a pencil lead to create a tremolo effect. A "broken string" occurs when a string breaks while it is being played. The spot where the string was pressing against the fingerboard may feel hollow, but it must be filled in some way if further playing is desired. Traditionally, a small amount of soft wood or cloth is placed under the string where it was touching the fingerboard; this keeps the string from vibrating too much when it is played again.
* Treble Clef: The indication at the beginning of the staff that indicates which notes are represented by which lines and spaces. In music written before 1755, the treble clef usually consisted of two parts: a circle indicating the note values (high to low) and a line indicating the position on the string of the note (with the exception of bass notes, which were always shown as lower-case letters). Some early scores may indicate only a single circle or only a single line.
* Bass Clef: Also called an open bass, this symbol indicates the pitch class of the base of the staff. It is used when the song or piece cannot be performed on a piano.
* Five Line Staff: This tool is used when there are multiple singers or instrumentalists playing different parts of the same song. Each person plays a distinct melody or part that can be arranged in a horizontal line across the staff.
* Seven Line Staff: This tool is used when there are multiple instruments playing different parts of the same song.