What are the main geographical features of Syria?

What are the main geographical features of Syria?

Geography and Climate Syria has a small coastal plain that spans from north to south along the Mediterranean Sea. The mountains north of Tartus drop right into the sea. From north to south, the Ansariya mountain range borders the coastal plain to the east. The mountains are 32 kilometers wide on average. They reach 3,640 meters in the Jabal al-Druze region near the border with Israel. The highest point in Syria is Ras al-Ain at 3,722 meters above sea level.

The Syrian Desert occupies nearly half of the country's area. It starts west of Aleppo and runs all the way to the Gulf of Oman. This is the largest desert in Syria and in all of Middle East.

Syria has two major river systems: the Orontes River in western Syria and the Nile River in southern Syria. Both rivers are tributaries of the Mediterranean Sea.

Aleppo is the most populous city in Syria. Other large cities include Damascus, Homs, Hama, and Zarzur.

Most Syrians live in rural areas outside of big cities where there is one school district for many villages. There are few roads in Syria and those that do exist are often not paved. Electricity is available in almost every town but only about one third of households have access to water pipes. About 10 percent have electricity from generators due to lack of sunlight.

What physical features are in Syria?

Syria's physical characteristics Syria's landscape is predominantly flat, with mountains to the west. The Syrian Desert is located to the east. A thin Mediterranean coastal plain exists. The Euphrates and the Orontes are Syria's two major rivers. They flow into the Taurus Mountains on which Damascus is found.

The country has a variety of natural habitats, including deserts, semi-deserts, rocky hills, freshwater lakes, and forests. There are also industrial zones like steel mills and coal mines.

Geographically, Syria is part of the Middle East. It is bounded by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the south, and Jordan and Israel to the west. Egypt is to its east across the Strait of Tiran.

Syria has a long history as a center of culture and civilization. It was inhabited by various human groups since at least 40,000 years ago. Before this time, it was part of other countries or regions. In particular, Syria was part of the Lebanese kingdom until 1516, when it was captured by Ottoman Turks. In 1920, after World War I, Syria became a French mandate. In 1946, it joined with the neighboring country of Lebanon to form a single state called Syria. In 1963, Syria again separated into three states: Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine. But these three states later merged back into one country once more - Syria.

Does Syria have a coast?

Syria has a very small coastline that spans for around 110 miles (180 km) along the Mediterranean Sea between Turkey and Lebanon. Most of the coastline is made up of desert beaches with limestone rocks and scattered trees.

Syria's coastline contains many bays and inlets that reach deep into Syrian territory from its neighboring countries. The largest of these is the Gulf of Antioch which is part of the Mediterranean Sea but extends about 15 miles (24 km) inland between Syria and Turkey. Other important inlets are the Gulf of Ayn al-Arab (Coconut Bay), which is shaped like a crescent and reaches almost 10 miles (16 km) inland; and the Gulf of Hamah, which is also almost 10 miles (16 km) long.

The nearest major city on Syria's coast is Tartus, which is located in northwest Syria near the border with Turkey. It is an industrial port town with some historical sights, such as the old citadel. There are also several smaller ports along Syria's coast including Baniyas, which is 13 miles (21 km) east of Homs; and Lattakia, which is 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Damascus.

What are the major landforms in Syria?

Syria has a diverse range of Middle Eastern landforms, ranging from a lush coastal plain made fruitful by a rich Mediterranean climate to snow-capped mountains and large flat deserts. As with any other place, its topography, in conjunction with climatic considerations, has a significant impact on the human population. Areas of high ground are generally found near large bodies of water or along natural fault lines where rock slides or cave-ins can be dangerous.

In general, the country is divided into four main geographical zones: the coast, the central highlands, the northern highlands, and the deserts. Each zone has different characteristics that influence what can grow there. The coast has a warm ocean water flow that brings nutrients from below sea level which allows for growth of coral reefs and other marine life. The central highlands include areas around Lake Assad and Mount Lebanon which have a temperate climate due to their elevation. The north highlands cover an area between the Black Sea and the Anatolian Plateau and contain many glaciers as well as being highly mountainous. The deserts cover about two-thirds of the country and include the Sahara Desert, which occupies most of northwestern Syria, and the Arabian Desert, which covers much of the rest of the country.

In addition to these primary divisions, Syria is also divided into provinces, which are further subdivided into districts (muhafazat).

What landform covers eastern Syria?

The Syrian part of the Anatolian Plateau dominates the landscape, with high plateaus, deep gorges, and tall mountains such as Mount Hermon.

Eastern Syria is made up of highlands that reach an average elevation of 1,500 feet above sea level. These highlands are separated by long, narrow valleys that run from the coast inland for hundreds of miles. Two major rivers flow through the valley floors: the Orontes in the west and the Balikh in the east. The combination of these two rivers forms the Syr Darya, which flows into the Caspian Sea.

The climate of eastern Syria is generally hot and dry. Rainfall is low, occurring mainly in the winter months. The area receives less than 10 inches of rain per year, with most precipitation falling as snow between November and March. Summer temperatures can reach 50 degrees Celsius or more, while winters are cold with daytime temperatures rarely rising above 10 degrees Celsius.

The dominant vegetation type of eastern Syria is rocky desert with only a few areas of fertile soil. Where there is water, however, trees grow quickly and dominate the landscape.

Is all of Syria's desert?

It is bounded to the north by Turkey, to the west and southwest by Lebanon and Israel, to the east by Iraq, and to the south by Jordan. It is made up of mountain ranges in the west and a steep inland plain. The Syrian Desert lies to the east, while the Jabal al-Druze Range lies to the south... Syria's geography.

ContinentAsia
Largest lakeLake Assad

Is Syria south of Turkey and Iraq?

Syria lies in Western Asia, north of the Arabian Peninsula and near the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bounded to the north by Turkey, to the west and southwest by Lebanon and Israel, to the east by Iraq, and to the south by Jordan. Area: 105,500 km2 (40,000 sq mi). Population: 21 million.

Syria is a large country with a population of about 21 million people. It is in western Asia and occupies almost one-third of its area. Administratively, Syria is divided into 22 provinces, with Aleppo being the most populous and also the largest province. The capital city of Syria is Damascus.

The climate of Syria is dry throughout much of the year, with two distinct seasons: a hot summer months from April through October and a cooler winter period from November through March. The average annual temperature is 15°C (59°F), but temperatures can reach 50°C (122°F) in the summer and drop to -15°C (5°F) in the winter. There are significant differences between the conditions in urban areas and those in rural areas.

Syria has a long history as a center of culture and learning. Many important landmarks in the history of art and architecture were built by Syrian architects and engineers. Syria was also home to several great scientists including Galen, Euclid, and Al-Khwarizmi.

About Article Author

Nancy Martin

Nancy Martin has been working in the education field for over 20 years. She has experience in both public and private schools. Nancy loves working with children and finds inspiration in their curiosity and desire to learn.

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