What caused the East-West Schism of 1054?

What caused the East-West Schism of 1054?

The Great Schism arose from a complicated mix of theological and political tensions. One of the major religious differences between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church was whether or not unleavened bread may be used for the sacrament of communion. The Byzantine emperor had imposed his will on the Eastern churches by requiring them to use leavened bread at their worship services. In 1054, an imperial decree commanded all Eastern Christians in Constantinople to switch to using leavened bread for the communion service. This issue stirred up many emotions among the people of Russia and Bulgaria, two countries with large populations of Greek Orthodox Christians. These nations were already divided between them in favor of one ruler or another, so this new command created further unrest. Finally, frustrated by their inability to agree on anything else, two groups within the Eastern church separated themselves from the rest: the Russians followed their tsar across the border into modern-day Russia, while the Bulgarians kept worshipping as they always had - with leavened bread.

The Great Schism was a traumatic time for the church. It took years for leaders on both sides to recover from the damage done by these arguments over a matter of ceremony. But despite the fact that neither group worshipped entirely correctly according to the other side, both parts of the church survived the split intact. Today, each of these two groups is known as Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

What was the cause of the Great Schism of 1054, Brainly?

The main reason of the great schism was disagreements regarding the pope's authority. The East-West Schism, though traditionally dated to 1054, when Pope Leo IX and Patriarch Michael I excommunicated each other, was actually the consequence of a long period of estrangement between the two bodies of churches.

Before this time, there had been only one Catholic Church, which included both the Eastern and Western halves. The Great Schism separated these two parts of this single church. Although both patriarchs were involved in the dispute, it is generally believed that Greek Orthodox Christians supported their Greek metropolitan while Russian Russians followed their prince. No agreement was reached after several years of negotiations, and so the two sides remained apart. The conflict was finally resolved by the First Council of Constantinople, which declared that no one could pass judgment on another member of the church hierarchy without their consent.

In brief, the Great Schism was caused by a dispute over who had the right to judge other bishops and priests. This question was particularly important because it involved questions such as: who has the right to cancle sins? Who has the right to declare people saints? The answer to these questions was not easy because they involved issues such as: who has the right to make laws? Who has the right to rule over others?

During the Great Schism, two different popes were elected. Both were Latin priests from France, but they came from different cities.

What were the three causes that led to the great schism in the church?

The three reasons of Christianity's Great Schism are: A disagreement about the usage of pictures in the church The incorporation of the Latin term "Filipoque" into the Nicene Creed A disagreement over who is the church's leader or head.

The first cause of the Great Schism was a difference over the use of images in the church. At the time of the split, there were two schools of thought regarding the use of images in worship. One school believed that images were strictly forbidden by God in His original design for mankind. The other school believed that images had a useful purpose for worship and could be used in the church.

The second reason for the Great Schism was a dispute over what language should be used in some of the documents produced by the council. At the time of the split, there were two different languages being used in some of the councils and synods of the church. One language was Latin, which was the official language of the Roman Empire at the time. The other language was Greek, which was the language of the New Testament Church.

People started to use Latin in place of Greek as the world became more familiar with the former. Thus, the use of Latin increased and eventually many churches adopted it as their main language for worship and holy writings. These include all Catholic churches as well as most Protestant churches.

About Article Author

Sally Pleiman

Sally Pleiman is a passionate and knowledgeable teacher. She has been teaching for over 10 years and has a degree in Education + a minor in English. Her favorite thing to do is create fun and creative activities that will help students learn. She loves reading books about how people have learned throughout history and using that knowledge in her classroom.


BartlesVilleSchools.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Related posts