What significant decisions were made by the delegates during the first few days of the convention? Secrecy and the decision to draft a new constitution What were the similarities and differences between the Virginia and New Jersey plans? Both governments had three branches of government. Virginia had two chambers in congress, whereas New Jersey had one.
Both governments provided for executive officers who would act as governors if the presidents were absent or unable to perform their duties. The executives were called "presidents" in both states. However, only John Adams was officially elected as president. All others served in an honorary capacity only. They decided how they would be appointed and removed from office. Richard Henry Lee was given authority to appoint commissioners to negotiate trade agreements with other countries and to issue passports. These positions were not included in the official government structure but rather were added by Congress after its approval of the Constitution.
In addition to these positions, each state's constitution contained a bill of rights which protected individual freedoms. These protections were important since there were no federal laws at this time. The states were responsible for creating their own laws which could be better or worse than what might be passed at the national level.
These are just some of the many things that could be considered significant decisions made by the delegates during the first few days of the convention. There were many more topics covered at length during the debates which can be found in any good history of the Constitution.
What was the delegates' compromise between the two plans? The Virginia Plan called for two legislative houses, but the New Jersey Plan called for only one. "(Except for Indians, who were not taxed) three-fifths of all other individuals." Regrettably, the settlement did not include a prohibition on slavery. It was not until the 13th Amendment was ratified in 1866 that slavery was abolished entirely within the borders of the United States.
In summary, the Virginia and New Jersey Plans were similar in that they both proposed to tax Americans at rates as high as 10% and 15%, respectively. The main difference between the plans was that the Virginia Assembly would have been required to meet in more frequent session than the New Jersey Senate, which might have led to more legislation being passed in the shorter time frame. However, since most legislators were not elected officials but rather merchants who owned property and paid taxes, it is likely that neither plan would have been approved by them.
It is important to remember that the American Revolution was not just about liberty from Britain, but also about democracy within the colonies. The men who fought against Britain wanted representation in Congress; however, the merchants who controlled most of the colonies' governments refused to give up their power.
Virginia's delegates to the Constitutional Convention, led by James Madison (1741-1836) and George Washington (1732-1799), produced a governance plan that included proportional representation in a bicameral (two-house) legislature and a powerful national government with veto power over state laws. The convention also established the office of president with limited powers but no term limit. These innovations created a government that was too strong for any one region or group of people and prevented any one person or family from gaining too much power.
In addition to being the father of the Constitution, James Madison is best known as the leader of the Federalist Party, which controlled Congress during the first two years of the new government. He helped draft the federal government's initial budget and work out its structure of executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
After leaving Congress in 1808, Madison became the principal author of "The Federalist," a series of articles published in New York newspapers under the name "Madison" to promote ratification of the Constitution. These essays argued that the new government was not only necessary but also efficient and effective in securing the rights of individuals and states. They are still considered some of the most convincing arguments for supporting the Constitution.
George Washington was elected president after serving as commander in chief of the American Army during the Revolutionary War.
The delegates confronted three significant disagreements: liberty vs a powerful national government, large states versus small states, and slavery. By developing the framework of the Virginia plan, the delegates resolved the conflict of liberty against powerful national authority. They agreed on a new system of government for the states that balanced power between the federal government and the individual states. And they came to an understanding about the role of slavery in their new nation.
These issues were not simple ones to resolve, but by laying out the problems and potential solutions, the delegates showed how much thought had gone into forming a new government.
In addition to resolving these major issues, the delegates also disagreed about many things such as how democratic the government should be and whether it was acceptable for slaves to own property. These differences reflected a broader division among the delegates over how far west Congress should extend its authority and what kind of government was best for the country.
Some members wanted a completely independent nation while others preferred to join another country. Some were willing to compromise on both issues; others were not. It was this diversity of opinion that made it possible for the delegates to reach agreement on most issues before them.
For example, some members felt that since military action was necessary to create a new country, then a strong central government was essential.