Following the storming of the Bastille, the prison stronghold was progressively demolished until nearly little remained. Louis XVI, who had been a de facto prisoner since October 1789, was executed by guillotine a few years later; Marie Antoinette was beheaded shortly after.
The events of 14 July 1789 are considered by many to be the beginning of the French Revolution. The French people demanded radical changes from their government, and the new assembly drafted a new constitution that was widely accepted.
In addition to other demands, they also wanted full religious freedom for all citizens. Since France at the time was not a completely free country, this was likely to be difficult to achieve. However, the new constitution did guarantee some important rights, such as the right to bear arms and vote in elections. It also prevented any future king from being able to marry or create an alliance with another country's ruler.
These reforms were indeed revolutionary at the time they were written. But they would become even more so once they were put into action. Over the next several years, the French government would have numerous disagreements about what role it should play, resulting in many civil wars. By 1793, France had become a republic where every adult male citizen was given the right to vote on candidates who wanted office.
This is when history really starts to move fast!
King Louis XVI is beheaded by guillotine in Paris' Place de la Revolution one day after being convicted of conspiring with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention. The execution makes him an example to others who might dare to oppose the French government. His body is then taken to Père-Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.
These events take place approximately nine months after the French Revolution began. The king's execution ends the monarchy and opens up the path for a new nation called France.
During the revolution, many people had become obsessed with killing members of the royal family. The king was imprisoned because it was believed he would use his influence over the army to return to power. When this failed, they sent him away to live in another country so he could not interfere with democracy.
The king's wife, queen Marie Antoinette, was told she would also be given a fair trial but when things went badly for her at the trial she was instead executed by firing squad. Her son, the dauphin, was sent to Austria where his mother had previously lived. He was only six years old.
These events ended the absolute power of the French monarch and started a new era for France.
The National Convention dissolved the monarchy and ousted Louis XVI, who was eventually murdered by guillotine on September 21, 1792. When his nephew Louis XVII died in jail in June 1795, the Count of Provence declared himself (titular) king as Louis XVIII.
Lettre de cachet ordering the imprisonment of Jean-Francois Marmontel at the Bastille. It was signed in 1759 by Louis XV and his minister, Louis Phelypeaux. The usage of Wikipedia is permitted. Louis XIV chose to convert the Bastille into a jail in the mid-1600s, about the time that boulevards and a large, deep moat were erected around it.
The Bastille, a medieval armory, castle, and political jail in the heart of Paris, represented royal power. The jail had just seven inmates when it was stormed, but revolutionaries saw it as a symbol of the monarchy's misuse of power; its collapse was a watershed moment in the French Revolution.