What did Robert E. Lee do in command of the Union Army?

What did Robert E. Lee do in command of the Union Army?

General Lee would have remained in charge of the Union army, ready to put out any flames of rebellion. He would have established a new spirit of brotherhood in and around the word "Union" by masterfully blending his troops such that Southern and Northern battalions served in the same brigades. This would have made military operations much easier as one need not worry about skirmishes between the two sides.

However, on April 9, 1865, General Lee received news of President Lincoln's assassination. He immediately sent a message to the president's staff member who was acting as commander-in-chief, asking whether this meant that the war had ended. When he got no response, General Lee assumed that Mr. Lincoln had been killed and that there was no more need for him to stay in command of the army. So, he ordered the army to disband itself. All those who wanted could go home, while those who didn't want to be free to leave.

In conclusion, General Lee led the Union army during some of its most important battles. His knowledge of warfare and experience managing large groups of people helped the union cause greatly. However, after hearing of Abraham Lincoln's death, he decided it was best for the country if he resigned his commission. He returned to Virginia and started a new life there as a farmer.

Why did Robert E. Lee refuse a command?

General Robert E. Lee was offered leadership of the Union army, but he declined. What would the Civil War bring about? Before addressing the question, I'd need to know if the reason for his acceptance was general or specific to him. Lee declined leadership of the Union soldiers in the east due to his established devotion to his state.

After General Joseph Johnston was injured in combat the following year, Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia. Lee soon turned the tables on Union General George B. McClellan, as he did on numerous other Army of the Potomac leaders.

What did Robert E. Lee believe was the key to victory for the Confederate Army?

A quick incursion into Union territory would be insufficient; a long presence would be the key to Confederate triumph. Lee wanted to maintain his force on American land for most of the autumn, not with the idea of seizing and retaining territory, but with the goal of fulfilling a number of objectives before going home. These included destroying or driving out the Union forces, capturing their supplies, and generating sympathy for the South in neutral countries.

His plan seemed promising at first: After winning some minor battles, he moved his army away from Richmond and took up positions near Washington, DC. But then he received bad news from south of the Potomac. A large Union force under General George McClellan had crossed the river and was advancing toward Richmond at a rapid pace. This gave Lee an idea: If he could draw away all of McClellan's attention and strength, then Richmond might be able to escape safely through the mountains to the west.

So he ordered his troops to withdraw from their positions near Washington and move back to Virginia, where they would be closer to their homes and families. He hoped this would make them less willing to fight. And it probably did have that effect: Many soldiers deserted rather than continue fighting away from their loved ones.

But it was too late to change directions now—the main body of the army was already on its way back to Virginia.

What if Robert E. Lee joined the Union?

The Civil War would have ended considerably sooner if Robert E. Lee had fought for the Union. His leadership and knowledge would have been invaluable to the early Union efforts if he had fought for the North. After the Battle of Seven Pines, Robert E. Lee assumed direct command of Confederate forces (in June of 1862). He quickly gained a national reputation as a military genius and was never dismissed from command. His achievements during his tenure include defeating several major Union armies led by George McClellan and William Rosecrans. In November of 1863, the Confederate Congress elected him president of the Confederacy but they could not give him a salary because he was too valuable to the army. Lee died in 1870 at age 46 after suffering from tuberculosis.

Here is how things might have turned out if Lee had served the North: At the beginning of the war, Virginia voted to join the South because they wanted their own government rather than being part of one based in Washington, D.C. If Virginia had stayed with the Union, it is possible that Missouri and other Southern states might have followed suit and there might have been a Northern coalition strong enough to defeat the Confederacy quickly.

In the South, however, many people admired Robert E. Lee because he had won great victories over more experienced generals. When he asked to be given command of the Confederate Army, many members of the Southern government were willing to oblige him.

Why was Robert E. Lee so effective as a military general?

During the American Civil War, Robert E. Lee headed the Confederacy's effort at secession. He fought Union forces in the fiercest battles of the war, including Antietam and Gettysburg, before surrendering to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. Lee was highly regarded by his soldiers and is still considered one of the greatest generals in American history.

Lee was a Virginia gentleman who inherited vast amounts of land from his father. When the British occupied Virginia during the French and Indian War, Lee joined them in the fight against France's American ally. After the war, he returned to his home state and married a wealthy widow with several children. She died soon after giving birth to their first child.

In 1856, Virginia seceded from the United States and formed its own country. Lee supported this action because he believed it would bring about the end of slavery. In April 1861, he was appointed commander of the Virginia Military Institute, a college for training officers for the state army. His career as a soldier began here.

At the age of 37, Lee was promoted to major general. He led troops in several campaigns against the Federal government but was never given charge of an entire army. In 1864, Lincoln made him commander of all Confederate armies in Virginia. Under his leadership, Virginia's armies were very successful in battle.

Who was offered command of the Union army?

Lee was offered command of the main Union Army in March and April 1861. President Lincoln wanted to give the job to a westerner because he did not want to offend South Carolina, but Lee turned it down. In May, after Fort Sumter had been fired on, Lincoln made another offer: "If you will come back to lead us again, we would be glad to have you." Lee again refused.

He had good reasons for refusing: he was retired, and his old army career was over. Also, he knew that if he took charge again, there would be no stopping point to his demands and requests. Finally, he did not want to get involved in yet another war.

Lincoln then asked his friend Senator Douglas of Illinois to suggest someone else for the job. On May 24, 1861, Douglas wrote to Lee recommending that General John Frémont be given command of the Union army due to his recent success against the Indians. Frémont, who was living in California at the time, accepted the post immediately. The news reached Washington just as Lincoln was about to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.

About Article Author

Amal Zimmerman

Amal Zimmerman is a teacher who strives to make a difference in her students' lives. She loves the idea of children growing up and becoming great people, so she works hard at teaching them what they need to know to be successful. She's also passionate about education reform and has volunteered with many organizations related to education reform over the years because she believes that everyone deserves access to quality public schools.

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