Lawrence, with the support of the British government, had promised the Arabs their own autonomous state in the event of the Ottoman empire's demise. Lawrence rejected his knighthood and other awards in protest of the British double-crossing of the Arabs. He even attempted suicide. But he was saved at the last minute by a caravan from Arabia who found him unconscious on the road.
In truth, Lawrence only promised what all great men have done before him. He knew that no one can make a binding agreement with his or her enemies. Yet he wanted to give the Arabs hope during this difficult time when they needed it most. He also wanted to show the Turks how wrong they were to mistreat their Arab subjects. Finally, he wanted to set an example for others who might want to betray their friends but not their country.
After the war, when the Arabs asked Lawrence for his help in creating an independent state, he refused because he thought it was too soon after the conflict. By then, the British had already agreed to grant independence to India, so why would they listen to the demands of another group of Indians? Yet many people believe that Lawrence intended to help the Arabs achieve their goal later on. Some historians say that he even helped the Arabs draft a treaty offering autonomy after the end of the war.
As for the Turks, they never trusted or respected Lawrence.
Lawrence of Arabia, better known to history as Lawrence of Arabia, grew in size and capacity as the conflict progressed. This support, particularly the artillery, provided the Arab troops with the means to finish off the besieged Ottoman garrisons at Mecca and Ta'if. In return, the Arabs stopped fighting each other for a time being.
This support also gave the Arabs the confidence to continue the fight against the Turks, which resulted in more victories for them. Finally, after the truce with Turkey had expired, another war was started by Feisal - this time with Britain's help. The Turks refused to renew the treaty with Arabia, so Feisal invaded Syria. After several successful campaigns, he captured Damascus and began to prepare his army for another attack on Turkic-controlled areas. However, before they could begin, World War I broke out. Turkey was now allies with Germany, while Arabia was still allied with Britain. Feisal was asked to stop fighting because both countries needed his manpower for their own wars. He agreed, and the Arab army disbanded. After the end of the war, Feisal tried to get back what he had lost, but the British government didn't want him to have any more influence over Egypt than what Sultan had already given up. They offered him land instead, which he accepted. Thus, Feisal became king of Iraq.
Now let's go back to Lawrence of Arabia.
Lawrence's expertise and instincts had earned him the trust of the Arabian tribes. The film Lawrence of Arabia portrays the man Lawrence in an unusual, even romantic light. However, we must remember that he was in the service of the British Empire, whose aim in the Middle East was imperial. Thus, Lawrence was really just doing his job.
In addition to being a skilled diplomat and general, Lawrence also helped foster relations between England and its neighboring countries, which were very isolated from the rest of the world. This is evident through his efforts to establish trade routes with India via the Persian Gulf. Finally, Lawrence showed the Arabs how to fight a modern war, which helped them gain independence.
These are all important factors in understanding why Lawrence of Arabia was good for the Arab world. First, it taught the people there can be hope for progress and development. Although he served a foreign power, Lawrence believed in working with others instead of against them. He wanted to help the Arabs find a way out of their predicament and felt that only by coming together could they achieve this goal. In addition, by watching him lead his tribe into battle against the Turks, children as well as adults, learned that it was possible to overcome great obstacles if you work hard enough at it.
Second, it showed that one man can make a big difference. Unlike many other leaders at the time, Lawrence did not care about dominating others or getting rich himself.
Lawrence enlisted the help of the Royal Navy to repel an Ottoman attack on Yenbu in December 1916. Lawrence's most significant contribution to the revolution was persuading the Arab leaders (Faisal and Abdullah) to coordinate their efforts in favor of British objectives. He acted as an intermediary between them and also helped design a national manifesto for the Arabs.
Lawrence took advantage of his acquaintance with Prince Feisal, the leader of the revolt against the Turks, to ask him to come to Syria to organize military action against the Ottomans. Feisal sent messages back and forth with Prince Abdullah, who had taken over leadership of the revolt after Feisal went to Arabia. The three men agreed that they would cooperate against the Turkish threat to the region.
In April 1917, Feisal and Abdullah met with T.E. Lawrence in Beirut to discuss how to proceed with the war against the Turks. They decided that Arab forces should attack Damascus first and then move on to other cities until all of Syria was under Arab control. Feisal appointed Lawrence his military adviser.
Lawrence returned to Britain where he tried to convince the government that it needed to support the Arab revolt against the Turks. But because there were already many foreign volunteers fighting with the Arab rebels, the British government was not interested in getting involved with another war at this time.