The maroons lived in close-knit groups and engaged in small-scale agriculture and hunting. They were known to return to plantations in order to release relatives and friends. They also joined the Taino villages that had escaped the Spanish in the 17th century on a few occasions. The maroons helped build many of these villages' defensive walls and taught the Tainos how to plant maize.
Why do we call them "the Maroons"? The term comes from the Spanish word "maroon", which means "mulatto". The first black people, who were mixed race and not fully African American, used the name themselves. Later, when the idea of slavery came to America, some white people began calling all blacks "Maroons" to blame them for any trouble they might be having with their slaves. This is why you sometimes hear this term applied to anyone of color who has been allowed to stay free of slavery or indentured servitude.
In conclusion, the maroons helped build many of these villages' defensive walls and taught the Tainos how to plant maize.
Maroons are descendants of Africans who established communities in the Americas to avoid enslavement. Some had fled slavery on plantations to build autonomous villages, while others, including individuals born in such towns, had always been free. They now form part of the black minority in many countries, including the United States and Brazil.
In Jamaica, there is a community of Maroons known as "Bush Negroes". Their origin can be traced back to 1750, when enslaved Africans escaped from their masters and settled in the mountainous interior of what was then called New Spain (present-day Mexico and Canada). Over time, more Africans were recruited by the settlers, who at times fought together against their white owners, until slavery was abolished in 1866.
Since then, Bush Negroes have retained their African cultural traits including music, dance, language, and religion. Although they are not allowed to own land, some have small plots that they farm themselves. Others find work as gardeners or housekeepers or as gravediggers. Some still engage in piracy or drug trafficking to earn a living.
In South Carolina, a group of Maroons led by Chief Cornbread II are responsible for the existence of Barnwell College. The school was founded in 1772 by the state government with the aim of educating freed slaves.
They often intermarried with indigenous peoples, ultimately separating into distinct creole civilizations such as the Garifuna and Mascogos.
The term "maroon" comes from the Spanish word for "slave," which in turn comes from the Arabic word for "slave."
Africans were captured and enslaved during wars, raids, and voyages to Africa. They were usually taken to the West Indies or North America, where they were sold to colonial owners. Some escaped by hiding in the night or fleeing into the woods; others were sent back to their ships by Native Americans who wanted to kill them or had been paid to take them back.
Those who survived were given land by colonizers as payment in exchange for helping them fight off Indian attacks. These Africans became known as Maroons.
They lived separately from the Europeans/Americans because they wanted to keep their own traditions alive. Sometimes this meant that they would not speak English - only their native language. This also helped protect their identity as people of African descent from outsiders who might try to force them to forget about their old lives on the continent of Africa.
The slaves who created their settlements in the hills and mountains through marronage were known as maroons. This is the temporary removal of runaway slaves from a plantation with the purpose of quickly returning. The term comes from the French word for "runaway", which is "marron". Slaves would escape to the forests near their home plantations to look for food and shelter, then stay hidden until they felt safe enough to return.
In 1772, three years after America's declaration of independence, President George Washington issued a proclamation offering a reward of $20,000 for the arrest and return of any fugitive slaves found in the United States. This proclamation led to the formation of groups of slave hunters called "contrabands" that searched for and returned escaped slaves to their owners. These "contraband camps" were located in remote areas where slaves would be able to rebuild their strength before being returned to their masters.
In 1826, Congress passed the first Fugitive Slave Act, which required citizens to help capture and return fugitives. If they refused or failed, they could be punished by fine or imprisonment. The act also provided for the creation of an agency called the U.S. Marshal's Office to assist in the recovery of slaves. This office would become the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) today.
As early as the 1530s, fugitives and escaped slaves were referred to as Maroons. The fugitives escaped to the hills, notably Jamaica's Blue Mountains, where they joined up with local Jamaican Tainos to make a life hunting and producing crops. This is how the word Maroon came to mean "exiled slave" or "escapee".
The original Arawakan-speaking inhabitants of what is now Jamaica were conquered by Spanish colonists in the 16th century. These Indians were originally from South America, but were brought over as slaves to work on large plantations. They formed their own communities in secret, beyond the reach of the colonists. This secret society police force called the Maroons was the only thing that saved the settlers from being utterly destroyed by these half-Indian slaves. After many battles, the Maroons were able to drive out or kill off most of them, but not entirely. Over time, some of the survivors married into the Maroon community and learned its ways, while others stayed outside the settlements working the lands as hunters and farmers.
In 1763, after many years of fighting, a peace treaty was signed with the British colonizers which allowed the Maroons to settle down and start a new life. They were given land to build themselves houses on, but most chose to remain in the forests instead. This is when they started calling themselves Maroons instead of Indians.
Why did Maroons prefer to construct their settlements in distant locations in the Caribbean's interior? To keep their liberty The safety and continuous independence of the Maroons as fugitive slaves depended on remaining away from inhabited regions where conquerors would capture and re-enslave them. Also, because they could be more easily defended, these places were naturally fortified.
Independence had its price. The maroons had to forgo many material possessions; there was no market for their products so they didn't trade with anyone else; and they couldn't be soldiers or fight in wars because they weren't part of any country. But they made up for it by living freely and independently.
There are several theories about why the maroons settled far from human habitation. Some scholars believe that they wanted to get away from the violence and oppression of slavery. Others say that they chose sites with natural defenses or good farming land. Still others think that they just wanted to start over and have freedom outside the boundaries of slavery.
Whatever their reasons, the fact remains that the maroons established communities throughout the Caribbean. And unlike other enslaved people who fought or fled their owners, the maroons used their independence to build strong societies that survived for hundreds of years after the conclusion of the American Revolution.