On the evening before one of the biggest maritime tragedies of the twentieth century, the Titanic's first-class passengers sat down for an elegant lunch that featured oysters, consomme Olga (a veal stock soup flavored with sturgeon marrow), filet mignon, and poached salmon. As the dinner service was coming to a close, the staff offered coffee and liqueurs, but most of the guests declined these offerings as they tried to get some sleep for the early morning sailing.
The next day at breakfast, those who survived the night told of how they had been served a lavish meal by the crew. They said it was the best food they had ever eaten. Many of the lost souls were British, so the menu below is based on what would have been available on the ship. It doesn't include any details about the wine list or other drinks served during the meal.
Oysters: The Titanic was known for its quality seafood, especially oysters. There are two ways to eat them: raw and smoked. Raw oysters are delicious when freshly harvested from their natural habitat. However, since the Titanic wasn't living up to its reputation as a luxury liner, many of her passengers may have been forced to buy their oysters frozen or farmed instead. Either way, you should only use fresh oysters; otherwise, the flavor will be completely ruined.
Food consumed by Titanic first-class passengers At each meal, first-class passengers were treated to an unique dining experience, indulging on delicacies like as pate de foie gras (duck or goose liver), peaches in chartreuse jelly, and Waldorf pudding. They also enjoyed various wines including a champagne for every woman and child and port for everyone else.
The menu was designed by Henry Voigt, who had previously worked with Ismay to design the menus of other ships owned by IMM. The cuisine was very expensive, costing up to $15 per person. However, most people only ate at one meal per day and so it wasn't such an issue for the company.
People usually started eating around 11:30am and finished by 2:30pm. Since most first-class passengers were from Europe, the meals followed European restaurant customs by serving breakfast and lunch between the hours of 9am and 2:30pm. During this time, some passengers may have gone upstairs to use the swimming pool or play tennis, but most just stayed in bed until 3pm when the last dinner service ended.
Only men dressed for dinner and took their seats by 7:20pm. Women and children waited downstairs in the main lounge until 8pm when the doors opened and they were allowed into the dining room.
No, sharks did not consume the people on the Titanic. The dismembered bodies, such as J.J. Astor's, were probably used for food by other marine animals. Sharks are scavengers and will eat anything from decaying animal flesh to plastic bags.
The number of people who were eaten by sharks is extremely rare. Out of the thousands of people who have been killed by sharks in history only 14 have been eaten. Of these, only three were women.
The first woman to be eaten by a shark was Elizabeth "Bess" Whiteley, a 23-year-old Australian gold prospector, in 1876. She was swimming near her gold mine when a great white shark attacked her. The shark tore off part of Bess's arm before she was able to swim away. She survived the attack but lost part of her arm due to infection later that year. In 1977, another female American gold miner named Vera Williams was killed by a white shark while diving in Australia. The last female person recorded as having been eaten by a shark was Celia Goodman Lucero, an American tourist, in 2005. She was bitten on the leg by a large tiger shark while scuba diving in Florida.
Provisions and linen from the Titanic
|Fresh Meat||75,000 lbs|
The 1,500 lives lost on the Titanic taught us valuable lessons. Maritime safety has improved, and many lives have been saved, thanks to enhanced training and proper personal protection, as well as standardizing criteria for emergency operations. The tragedy also showed that even a luxury ship could be sunk by simple errors in judgment. As with any large-scale undertaking, no matter how safe experts believe it is, an accident can happen at any time.
The Titanic was considered one of the most modern ships of its day. It had wireless communication equipment, heat lamps, electric lights, and double hulls (an outer shell and inner liner of thick steel plates). However these technologies were only used to warn of icebergs or other dangers instead of being relied upon as life-savers like modern radar technology.
There were several factors that contributed to the loss of the Titanic. One major factor was that the captain ignored several signs that an ice field was approaching the ship. Another factor was that the crew failed to lower the ship's rudder properly after putting it in storage. This allowed the ship to hit an iceberg and plunge into the ocean where it sank within hours.
People often cite the sinking of the Titanic as reason why you should never sail alone, nor should you travel in a ship that isn't listed by its owner as being able to survive a wreck.
Meanwhile, the captain and officers had quarters in the sterncastle towards the back. On ships, the diet consisted of salted meat, fish, bread, dry biscuits, and cheese. The food was frequently tainted by maggots, and the drinking water became stale. Many sailors perished of scurvy on long voyages because they did not consume enough vitamin C from fresh fruits and vegetables.
Tudor ships were poorly supplied with utensils so all cooking had to be done on the deck in open fires. A typical meal would consist of salt beef or pork, vinegar, pepper, and spices cooked over an open fire. There was no oil or butter available at this time so frying was out of the question. Vegetables were not often eaten and when they were it was usually in the form of salt herring or potatoes.
The crew also ate well during peacetime because the ships carried cargo as well as passengers. Ships were generally undermanned during trading seasons because most captains wanted to sail home with their profits rather than wait for more cargo to be loaded. This meant that there was plenty of food left over after everyone was fed so traders could eat while their ships were away from port.
During battle times too there was no requirement for speed so boats were taken off the ships and used instead. These boats were then returned to their owners once the battle was over.
Furthermore, the Mackay-Bennett, the first Halifax ship to rescue remains, discovered so many that her crew ran out of embalming materials and had to bury several victims at sea since laws only permitted embalmed bodies to be carried ashore. The Nova Scotia government ordered that no more than 100 pounds of flesh be taken from any single body for burial or cremation.
In fact, law required all bodies recovered at sea to be treated with respect. If none of the survivors was willing to accept responsibility for their dead, then they would be buried at sea.
This practice ended after the Titanic disaster when it was learned that many of those buried at sea had been given improper funerals. The remains of many unknown people are kept in caskets on board the Titanic Memorial located in Halifax Harbour.
The ship was designed to hold about 500 people but only about 300 survived. Of these, about half were children under the age of 10 who were sent to bed without supper on a routine night out. The rest of the passengers were either doing what came naturally (such as sleeping) or were in distress calls or preparing documents.
There were no security cameras on board so investigators needed to use other means to try and identify the occupants of certain rooms. For example, one family of four was found locked in their room together with their luggage still there.