Schloss (German pronunciation: ['Slos]; pl. Schlosser) is the German name for a building analogous to a chateau, palace, or manor house. A proper castle is referred to as a "burg," whereas a fortress is referred to as a "festung" or—in a little more ancient form—a "veste."
The word "schloss" comes from the Latin castellum, which in turn comes from the Greek kastelion ("small fort"). The Romans built many castles throughout their empire from the early days until about A.D. 400. After that time, the empire was too large to be defended by such small forces so the number of castles dropped dramatically.
In Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, the word "schloss" means a royal residence or hunting lodge. These are not true castles but rather palaces or mansions built by European royalty over the course of several centuries. They are generally very large and luxurious structures with many rooms, some even having their own independent walls with entrances that lead to different parts of the castle.
These palaces usually include public areas like halls and galleries where visitors can view paintings, sculptures, and other art objects owned by the king or queen. They may also have large gardens where food was grown for the court. In addition, these palaces often included military facilities such as barracks for servants of the army or police force or storage space for weapons and equipment.
A Gutshaus is the German counterpart of a manor house (or Gut, Gutshof, Rittergut, Landgut, or Bauerngut). In addition, the phrases "Herrenhaus" and "Domane" are sometimes used. Another German word for a building akin to a manor house, stately residence, chateau, or palace is schloss (pl. Schlosser).
The German term Gärtenviertel refers to four adjacent streets in Vienna's First District with large gardens at their centers. They are Linke Wienzeile, Rechte Wienzeile, Friedrich-Ebert-Strasse, and Hermann-Göring-Strasse.
A Villa Müller is a luxury villa located in Grünewald, near Tübingen, Germany. It was built in 1855 for Prince Wilhelm von Isenburg, husband of Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. The villa features a Neo-Renaissance main building with polygonal corner towers and an ornamental garden with pools, fountains, and statues.
A Baurichter is a German innkeeper. This role is usually held by a married couple who run a household business. They may also have children helping out with the work.
In Bavaria, a Bäuerin is a female innkeeper. There are still some bäuerinnen in Bavaria who keep their family businesses today.
German translation of "castle"
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The French word "chateau" has a broader connotation than the English word "castle": it covers architectural elements that are appropriately referred to in English as palaces, mansions, or vineyards. These other structures may have been designed by the same architect as the chateau but they are still used for different purposes. In general, the English term "castle" is reserved for large fortified buildings built mainly during the medieval and early modern periods; while the French term can be used for smaller fortified houses from various time periods.
In France, a castle is called a chateau. They both mean "small house for farming animals". But the chateau is also where the farmer stores his crops. So basically, a chateau is any small building where food is grown.
People usually think of castles as being very big and powerful, but that's because they were used primarily as military fortresses. In fact, most castles were built as private residences at one time or another. The only reason why they are now mostly seen as symbols of power and authority is because they were often left in a ruined state after they had served their purpose.
It is estimated that there are about 70,000 castles in Europe. Of these, about 5% are in France.
The majority of French chateaux are "palaces" or "country residences" rather than "castles," therefore the term "chateau" is acceptable in English for these. The term "palace" is sometimes more suitable. For example, the Palace of Versailles is more appropriate than the Château de Versailles.
However, if you are talking about a fortress built to protect an area as well as its inhabitants, then "castle" is correct. For example, there is the Castle of Sully in Paris which was originally a military post before becoming a palace. There are also several other castles in the Ile-de-France region that are not particularly famous but are still impressive structures: the Castle of Écouis, the Castle of Mantes, and the Castle of Chinon just to name a few.
In conclusion, yes, "castle" is correct when you talk about French chateaux.
Castle Burghausen is a medieval fortress in Burghausen, Baden-Württemberg. It was built between 1356 and 1420 to protect trade routes between Nuremberg and Milan. The castle has been owned by the von Auersperg family since 1535.
The square structure with its large number of towers and crenellations makes Castle Burghausen one of the most impressive castles in Germany. The interior of the castle is also well preserved; it contains several rooms with original furniture such as chamber pots, bed frames, and desks.
It is estimated that the construction cost about 3,000 guilders (about $300,000 in today's money). At that time, this was a huge amount of money for a middle-class family to spend on their home.
In addition to being a residence, the castle served as a prison after 1792. During World War II, it was used as a children's hospital after 1943. The von Auerspergs still live in the castle today.