The Committee to End All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is an international organization that was established in 1981 with the aim of ensuring that women's rights are not just recognized, but also effectively implemented across the world.
CEDAW is the only UN body that focuses on women's rights. It has been described as the "global authority on women's rights." The committee meets once per year and consists of 18 independent experts from around the world. They review countries' compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). If a country fails to comply, it can be called upon to improve its practices by submitting a report detailing how it intends to do so. Countries that violate women's rights can then be held accountable through this process.
Women's rights have been a focus of attention for the United Nations since its founding in 1945. The first major human rights treaty, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was adopted by the United Nations in 1948. This landmark document included a clause that called for universal suffrage; however, this requirement was not incorporated into many national laws until the late 20th century. Today, nearly every country in the world provides some form of voting right for its citizens.
The CEDAW Committee plays an important role as a mechanism to encourage states to advance in the elimination of all forms of discrimination, both directly, by making states aware of the extent of their commitment and incentivizing public policies, and indirectly, by providing civil society with tools to put their commitments into action. The CEDAW Committee has the power to issue recommendations to state parties on issues such as national reports, resolutions, or conventions - which are non-binding guidelines for state parties - as well as any other matter within its scope.
In addition to issuing recommendations to states parties, the CEDAW Committee can also submit observations on issues before it. Observations are written statements by the CEDAW Committee that are not intended to be binding on state parties but which do provide information about how they can improve their human rights practices. There are three types of observations: general, specific, and urgent. General observations cover issues that are not considered to be sufficiently serious to require a response from the state party concerned. For example, the CEDAW Committee can make a general observation on a country's lack of cooperation with the Committee - this would not require a formal response from the state party.
Specific observations concern particular cases where there appears to be a lack of progress on issues before the Committee.
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women is the most significant and legally enforceable international human rights treaty in this regard (CEDAW). It was adopted in 1979 by the United Nations General Assembly and entered into force three years later.
The purpose of CEDAW is to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women and ensure their equal participation with men in the economic, social, cultural, and political life of their countries. The convention requires states that have signed it to take appropriate measures to achieve these goals. They can choose what kind of measures they want to use; for example, they can pass legislation, adopt administrative practices, or even bring cases before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) if necessary. CEDAW also encourages states to develop national policies based on its principles. In this way, greater equality between women and men is expected to result in better health, education, employment, and other aspects of daily life.
CEDAW has been ratified by almost every country in the world, except for those who do not have a voice in the UN General Assembly or whose governments oppose it.
The Feminist Reaction to Disability Activism is a book by American academic and disability rights activist Sara L. Mandel that was published in 2016 by the MIT Press. It explores the relationship between disability activism and feminist activism from the 1970s to the present day.
Frida Kahlo was a Mexican painter who suffered from severe medical problems as a child. She died at the age of forty-six after falling off her bed. But even in death, she managed to become one of the most famous women in the world. Her image has appeared on T-shirts, coffee mugs, and other merchandise throughout the years.
Kahlo came from a family of artists, so it wasn't much of a surprise when she started painting herself when she was just ten years old. She had polio as a child, which left her leg shorter than the other and disabled her from walking. But that didn't stop her from doing everything else: dancing, singing, acting—even gardening for a few minutes each day.
Polio changed life as she knew it.
Advisory Council for Classroom Educators (CEAC) is an honorary group which provides guidance to the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards on issues related to classroom teaching. The group includes some leading educators from each subject area covered by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards.
The CEAC was founded in 1958 and originally consisted of 12 members appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. Today, there are more than 70 individuals who have been elected to join the council; most are current or former college or university faculty members who are elected by their peers. However many non-faculty members also hold seats on the board. The chairman is selected by the president at the beginning of each year and may not be a member of the board. Other officers include a vice chair, staff director, and educator consultant. All CEAC members serve without pay.
Classroom teachers are responsible for preparing students to succeed in college and careers through engaging learning activities that promote critical thinking and higher order thinking skills. The council has identified four areas of expertise that guide its work: curriculum development, technology use in classrooms, assessment for learning, and teacher preparation and certification.
Advisory Committee for Faculty (F.A.C.) The FAC is a forum where faculty and principals may collaborate to address school-wide issues and concerns in a professional and collaborative way. It is chaired by the dean of students. The committee meets once per month during the school year to review student progress on key measures of academic success, provide advice to the principal regarding student matters, and make recommendations regarding program changes that will enhance student learning and support.
The Advisory Committee for Faculty ensures that all faculty have an opportunity to give their input on important issues affecting their work and their students. They also serve as a link between the faculty and administrators by providing a channel through which concerns or questions about policies, programs, or practices can be brought to the attention of those responsible for making decisions about education issues within the university and college.
Faculty members are encouraged to become familiar with their individual advisory committees and use them as channels for communication and feedback.
In addition to the monthly meetings, the FAC works closely with senior administration on initiatives and new programs that will help ensure student success. The committee also reviews and makes recommendations on proposals for curriculum revisions or additions that were developed by departments or divisions within the university. Finally, the FAC serves as a resource for faculty and staff when problems arise that affect more than one school or program within the university.