What do the suffixes "S" and "ES" mean?

What do the suffixes "S" and "ES" mean?

When you want to make a plural out of a singular noun that ends in the sounds [s], [z], [sh], or [ch], you add the suffix-es, and when you want to make a plural out of a singular noun that ends in a consonant letter right in front of it, you change the to and add the suffix-es, but with other singular ns, you change the to and add the suffix-es. The plural form of these words is called a mass noun.

Here are some examples:

Fish - fishies

Sheep - sheep

Money - money's

Water - waters

If the word ends in a vowel, then you drop the last letter and add an s at the end.

Eggs - eggsachestoo

I don't know what a sachet is, so I can't say eggsacsestoo.

If the word ends in a silent h, then you just add an s at the end.

Smile - smiles

These forms are called English plurals. There are also many foreign plurals, such as: Italian (i), Japanese (j), Spanish (es), French (s), Polish (ie).

Remember to add the suffix-es for a plural form!

What is the difference between ES and S?

When you create a word multiple, you add a "s" or a "es" at the end. If the word ends in ch, sh, s, x, or z, make it plural with es. Rewind and listen again.

So, cat becomes cats; rat becomes rats.

But mouse remains unchanged. It's still just one object, so it doesn't become mice.

You would say that mice have multiplied, but that's not what happens to words that are used as nouns. They always take an ending to show they're being used as objects. Mice remains unchanged because it's not being used as an object.

Here are some other examples: book, books; star, stars; tree, trees.

Hope this helps!

What is the rule for S or ES?

You add-es to words that finish in-s,-sh,-ch,-x, or-z. Add-s to pluralize nearly all other nouns. For example, people are singular; people are plural. Nouns that end in a consonant other than s require you to add an s: dog, shoe. To form the polite form of these nouns, add "Mr. or Mrs." followed by the name. Mr. Dog / Mrs. Shoe.

So, dogs and shoes are proper names. You say "Mr. Dog" or "Mrs. Shoe."

You also need to add an s when giving directions. Say "Turn left at the red light." Not "Turn left at the red lights." The first version is correct. There can be only one red light on any given street. If there were two red lights, which way should you turn?

In conclusion, there is no hard and fast rule for spelling words ending in s. Just be sure to include an s if the word ends in a vowel sound. Otherwise, you get problems such as this one!

What nouns end in s or es?

Plurals are generally spelled correctly based on what letter the singular word finishes in. Add -s to the end of normal nouns to make them plural. 2 If the single word ends in -s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -z, add -es to make it multiple. 3 Nouns that are not regular words can be spelled with -isms as well. Ism names what kind of action or thing something is: racism, sexism, and ageism are all forms of prejudice.

Examples: book, books; program, programs; person, people; idea, ideas; policy, policies.

It's best to look up the word yourself to see if it's a regular one. This rule doesn't always work, though; some prefixes are only used with certain types of words. For example, mania is a medical condition that causes you to act irrationally, but there is no such thing as womanmania.

Some words ending in -ness have different meanings when they're used as adjectives instead of nouns. For example, sickly describes someone or something that is weak and lacks vitality; however, when used as a noun it becomes a term for something that is unhealthy.

About Article Author

Richard Liotta

Richard Liotta teaches at the college level. He enjoys teaching and has a passion for helping others learn. Richard's philosophy of education is that students should leave his classroom with more knowledge than when they came in. His goal as an educator is to help each student develop into their own version of successful - whatever that may be for them personally!


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