The rock cycle refers to the process of cyclical transition of rocks from one form to another. Igneous rocks are formed when hot lava cools. These igneous rocks are subsequently fragmented into little particles that are transported and deposited. Sedimentary rocks are formed as a result of this. They are composed of tiny pieces of other materials such as shells, sand, or clay.
On Earth, plate tectonics plays an important role in the formation and evolution of landscapes through the process of mountain building. The lithosphere (the outermost part of the earth) is made up of large plates that move with respect to each other. As these plates collide, they push against each other, which causes them to be folded under pressure and heated by friction. This heat can cause the rock to melt, forming a deep mantle zone where most of the earth's metals are produced.
Mountain ranges are created when landmasses break off of larger plates and drift toward the equator. When they get there, the water inside the plate evaporates, leaving a dry layer of rock on top of the liquid iron core. This is called an accretion belt. As more of these drift together, they combine with other accretion belts to form new mountains.
As a result of all this activity, most parts of the world have some type of landscape formed by rocks of different ages.
(v) The rock cycle refers to the transition of one kind of rock into another under specified conditions and in a cyclical fashion. When exposed to heat and pressure, sedimentary and igneous rocks transition into metamorphic rocks. Metamorphic rocks are then decomposed by heat and pressure, resulting in a cycle that can repeat itself many times before all the original minerals are gone.
The rock cycle consists of three main stages: erosion, deposition, and diagenesis. Erosion removes rock material from the earth's surface. Deposition accumulates the materials removed by erosion. Diagenesis changes the physical properties of the rock while it is still solid state (i.e., not submerged in water). Submergence in water causes additional changes to occur as the rock decomposes due to exposure to oxygen and heat from the sun and Earth's interior.
Erosion removes any contact with heat and pressure so most rocks cannot erode further without changing their mineral composition. This means that once deposited, a rock will usually remain that way unless subjected to further pressure and heat. Deformation of rocks can change their internal structure but does not alter their overall chemical composition.
Deposited rocks may be weathered away by wind or water action which exposes new surfaces for subsequent removal by weathering. This process continues until all the original rock material has been worn away.
The Rock Cycle connects all rocks in a cycle of creation, modification, and annihilation. The rock cycle begins with molten rock (magma beneath the earth's crust, lava above the earth's crust), which cools and solidifies to become igneous rock. As the magma moves around inside the earth, different parts of the globe are exposed to this hot liquid metal for various lengths of time before it finally cools and hardens. As the magma cools, any impurities that were not dissolved into the molten rock will come out of it as bubbles or crystals. The resulting rock is called sedimentary rock.
As sedimentary rock builds up on the ocean floor, new material is being added to the sea bed, which is why marine deposits are often very extensive. Eventually, the force of water acting on the rock causes it to break down or erode, which forms a new surface for other sediments to be deposited. Erosion can be caused by waves, currents, or wind, but it usually starts with water. Sedimentary rock is divided into three main categories based on how its particles were transported: sandstone, shale, and silt. Shells and bones are the main ingredients of sedimentary rock formed from seashells and fossils.
Sedimentary rock provides most of the materials used in construction, including building stone, cements, and asphalt.
When igneous and sedimentary rocks are exposed to heat and pressure, they develop. Clay, for example, transforms into slate, while limestone transforms into marble. The same process that creates a gem also can create a mineral. The word "mineral" comes from the Latin minera, meaning "mine." Thus, a mineral is any earth substance found in rock deposits that may be used as a source of income or value.
Minerals are very common elements that make up our planet's surface layers. They can be solid, liquid, or gas at room temperature. Most minerals are brittle, which means that when something breaks them they remain separated into two pieces with no more than superficial contact. Some minerals, however, are ductile-they can be stretched or folded before breaking. Source: Wikipedia. Com.
Miners look for valuable minerals in the ground. If they find some, they dig it out. If there's not enough to make a profit, they move on to another spot. Some minerals are used by humans without being dug out of the ground. For example, coal contains high amounts of carbon that can be burned to generate electricity or fuel cars. Other minerals are used in industry for things like glass coating or metal refining.
Some minerals are harmful if they get into your body.