The Inca and Aztec civilizations had many similarities. They were founded on the management of resources and products, and their economy was oriented on agriculture. The Incas and Aztecs were clan-based at first, but they blossomed into prosperous empires. Both civilizations were also founded on prior civilizations. The Incas built upon the ideas of the Moche people while the Aztecs used concepts developed by the Toltecs.
Aztec and Inca cultures influenced each other during their rise to power. The Incas adopted many practices from the Aztecs, such as using war as a form of commerce, using gold as currency, and organizing themselves into an empire. However, the two nations competed with each other for territory and resources. When the Spanish arrived in Mexico they found an extremely sophisticated culture that had advanced tools such as metal knives and armor. In Peru, the Spanish discovered a relatively primitive culture that lacked guns or any kind of weapon more modern than a stone axe.
Inca culture was also based on advanced technologies. The Incas used the wheeled cart called a llama for transportation purposes; they also made use of advanced farming techniques such as growing multiple varieties of crops in one field.
However, unlike the Aztecs who fought against Spain alone, the Incas waged several wars against neighboring nations.
Despite the fact that the Inca and Mayan civilizations lived at distinct points in history, they share a few characteristics. The most striking resemblance they have is that they both ruled over vast empires that finally vanished. To begin with, the Mayans before the Incas in history. Then there are similarities between the two cultures including the use of numbers to record important events (years for the Mayans, cycles for the Incas), mathematical theories such as zero and algebra used by both societies to calculate results after performing operations on numbers, and even words related to mathematics in their languages.
In addition to these similarities, there are also some differences between the Incas and the Maya. For example, while the Mayans built their cities primarily out of stone, the Incas relied more heavily on wood for their buildings. There were also differences in how the two nations conducted business. With regards to religion, the Mayans believed in many gods while the Incas had only one god who had three names: Viracocha, Papa, and Pachamama.
In conclusion, both the Incas and the Maya were great civilizations that rose from very small beginnings. However, they also had many things in common with other nations including Spain and Mexico today. These similarities and differences make them interesting to study and can help us learn more about other civilizations while at the same time giving us insight into our own culture.
The Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations that once flourished in Central and South America shared characteristics. People farmed, built social institutions, created armies, and worshiped a variety of gods. The three civilizations were as different as the land on which they lived. But they had one thing in common: a desire for glory and honor that led them to make themselves visible through architecture, painting, sculpture, and text.
Maya culture began in about 300 B.C. in what is now Mexico. They were farmers who grew corn, beans, chilies, and squash. Their main city was located in central Mexico and it was there that they built their great pyramids and other structures between 250 and 1500 A.D.
Aztecs originated in Mexico's Valley of Mexico and they became a powerful civilization in 1428 A.D. When Spanish explorers arrived the following year, they reported that many cities had walls and large populations. However, most had been destroyed by the Aztecs or abandoned due to drought or famine. Today, only two major pyramids remain.
Inca people migrated from south of Mexico into Central America around 1400 A.D. They were farmers who cultivated maize (Indian corn), potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, and cabbages. Like the Maya, the Inka built cities and maintained roads while also fighting wars against other civilizations.
The Incas were more powerful than the Aztecs because they were more cohesive (and their organization was unquestionably greater). In actuality, the Aztecs had no empire. They were small tribal groups that lived in what is now Mexico. However they made up for not being as large as the Mayans by being much better organized. The Aztec empire only existed from 1325 to 1520 so it wasn't even that long ago but there are still people around who remember it happening. The Incas lasted a little longer (1438-1632) but also had a much smaller population than the Aztecs did so that's why they weren't as powerful.
In terms of technology, the Incas had some advanced weapons such as the harquebuss but they didn't have any kind of gunpowder or other types of firearms. The Aztecs on the other hand, were very familiar with guns and used them often in battle. It's estimated that about 20% of all soldiers in 1428 Mexico were firing arrows into enemy lines! Although this number may not seem like that many until you realize that the total army size of the Aztecs was about 200,000 men so obviously not everyone was able to be a soldier.
Also, the Incas were not as good at math as the Aztecs were.
Agriculture, tribute, and trade were the three pillars of the Aztec economy. Aztec trade was critical to the empire; without it, there would be no empire because many of the items utilized by the Aztecs were not manufactured locally. The Spanish chroniclers reported that the Aztecs traded with all parts of the world, especially Europe and North America. They acquired spices, fabrics, tools, weapons, and foodstuffs. Trade ties with other nations provided the empire with valuable resources that allowed it to flourish.
The Aztec economy was based on agriculture. Land ownership was important to the empire, therefore, only the nobility could afford to own land. The rest of the population made their living through farming or trading. When food production was enough to feed the entire population, they might have had time to work on mining sites or in royal courts but usually not both. Between 1508 and 1540, about half of all Spaniards in Mexico were killed or disappeared, so if farming wasn't profitable enough on its own, people would have needed some kind of incentive to keep going. Trades with Spain provided this incentive, so most farmers wanted to grow more than just enough to feed themselves. They also grew plenty of corn so they could trade the surplus for goods they didn't produce themselves.
Aztec society was divided into two main groups: warriors and priests. Only members of these groups were allowed to hold office.
The Olmecs, Mayas, and Aztecs were three of the first Mesoamerican cultures, and they shared many commonalities as well as major distinctions. They all lived in various places, had different kinds of governance, farmed in different ways, and worshiped different gods. However,...
The similarities between these civilizations are also important to note. All three developed a writing system using hieroglyphics, used mathematics to calculate time, made tools from bone, stone, and metal, and invented religious rituals such as jornadas (Mayan for "days") and tlapaktok (Aztec for "blood sacrifices").
Furthermore, all three practiced encephalization: the practice of removing body parts from living humans. In all three cases, brains were removed from dead people and placed in pots, which were then buried with their owners. This shows that these civilizations knew how important it was to keep their rulers alive so they could continue to rule over them.
Finally, all three used blood as a form of payment. The Mayas paid their priests in blood, while the Aztecs paid their war heroes with blood. The Olmecs may have done this too; we just don't know because no bodies have been found.
These are just some of the things these three great civilizations had in common.