# What is an orthogonal cut? Give two examples.?

Orthogonal Cutting (2-D Cutting): the cutting edge is (1) straight, (2) parallel to the workpiece's initial flat surface, and (3) perpendicular to the cutting direction. For example, lathe cut-off operations, straight milling, and so forth. See also: CUTTING.

Examples of orthogonal cuts are straight lines across items that have been stamped with alphabet letters or numbers. The cuts should be straight across and high quality knives can be used instead of saws for these types of tasks.

The accuracy of orthogonal cuts depends on how accurately the item was initially marked. If there are small errors in placement then these will be repeated each time the item is cut.

Non-orthogonal Cuts: These are cuts where the cutting edge is not aligned in a single plane. Examples include: chisels, gouges, and other tools that are not specifically designed for orthogonal cutting. The resulting cut patterns may not be perfectly smooth, but they are more flexible than rigid orthogonal cuts. Non-orthogonal cuts are useful for shaping objects or removing large amounts of material from a single piece of wood without causing damage to the surrounding area. They can also be used to create decorative effects by starting at one end of the piece of wood and moving toward the other.

## Why is the orthogonal cutting model useful in the analysis of metal machining?

Orthogonal cutting is important in metal machining analysis because it reduces the very complex three-dimensional machining scenario to two dimensions. Furthermore, the orthogonal model's tooling has only two parameters (rake angle and relief angle), resulting in a simpler geometry than a single-point tool. Finally, the cutting forces in orthogonal cutting are perpendicular to the workpiece surface, which makes them easier to calculate.

## What is the clearance angle on a cutting tool?

[aNG*[email protected], 'klir*@ns] (Mechanical Engineering) The angle formed between a plane containing a cutting tool's end surface and a plane passing through the cutting edge in the direction of cutting action. This is called the clearance angle.

## What is the basic difference between orthogonal machining and oblique machining?

What Is the Distinction Between Orthogonal and Oblique Cutting?

Orthogonal cuttingOblique Cutting
The cutting edge is larger than cutting width.The cutting edge may or may not be larger than cutting width.
Chips are in the form of a spiral coil.Chip flow is in a sideways direction.

## What is a cutting plane line?

Cutting plane lines are thick lines that pass through the center of the item for which an internal view is desired. At the end of the line, there are two perpendicular lines with arrows indicating which way the inside of the item should be examined. These arrows are also known as peek indicators.

For example, if you were to take a look inside a tube, you would use a cutting plane line to do so. The tube would then be split in half, revealing the internal structure.

Also called piercing or transverse lines. Used to divide an object into sections for examination.

Sometimes called "cracks" or "holes." In this case, they are small openings that may be present on the surface or within the body where blood, fluid, or other material can escape. These may be natural openings such as pores or wounds, or they may be made by man. For example, astronauts wear space suits designed by NASA to protect them from the vacuum of space. When attached to a spacecraft, the astronauts enter this environment through a hatch and each suit has several large holes called neck rings through which they can communicate with each other and with their crew members outside the vehicle.

A cut-off tool is used to make cutting plane lines on items that are thicker than your normal knife.

## Which is the method of cutting?

Cutting is a method in which the operator moves a material (workpiece) such as metal and the tool in relation to each other in order to shape the workpiece into the desired shape by shaving, drilling, and so on. The tool can be a single point or a series of points and can be rotating or non-rotating.

There are two main types of cutting methods: surface cutting and volume cutting. In surface cutting, only the surface being cut is removed; in volume cutting, some depth is removed from the workpiece. For example, when trimming a tree, only the dead wood is removed with a saw; an experienced carpenter can usually tell whether a tree will yield fruit before he cuts it down. If it does, then the tree was a fruit tree; if not, then it was not. Volume cutting is used when making precision parts, because you want to know exactly how much material you are removing. For example, when machining a piece of steel for use in a car door, you do not want to leave any more material than necessary after cutting all the holes for the lock mechanism and window controls.

The type of cutting method used depends on what kind of shape needs to be given to the workpiece.

## What are orthogonals in art?

The term orthogonal comes from mathematics. It is connected to orthogonal projection, another way of sketching three-dimensional objects, and meaning "at right angles." The word refers to the vanishing lines used in perspective drawing, which are as follows: They are at right angles to each other in two-point perspective. In three-point perspective, they are at right angles to both the ground and the eye altitude.

In art, an object is considered orthographic if it is viewed directly face on or from the front. Otherwise, it is considered oblique. For example, a portrait painted from a single angle is considered orthographic; one that shows all sides of the subject's head but not their faces is considered oblique.

Orthogonals are useful tools for making objects look three-dimensional on a two-dimensional surface. If you want to make sure I have understood your question correctly, then yes, orthogonals are important elements in art too.

## What are cutting tools and examples?

Turning tools, boring tools, fly cutters, slotting tools, and so on are examples. Cutting tool with two points These instruments, as the name indicates, have two cutting blades that participate in cutting activity at the same time during a pass. A drill is one example (a common metal-cutting drill that has only two flutes). A masonry bit is another example (a special type of drill used for drilling holes in concrete). Three-point cutting tools This category includes instruments with three cutting points that work simultaneously during a pass. Each cutting point on a three-point tool behaves like a single cutting blade on a two-point tool. Four-point cutting tools Also called hole-makers because they make holes for screws or nails. These tools have four cutting points that work simultaneously during a pass. They are used to cleanly remove material from hard surfaces such as rock or wood. Five-point cutting tools Also called gougers because they scrape away material from hard surfaces such as rock or wood. Six-point cutting tools Also called scrappers because they scrape away material from hard surfaces such as rock or wood.

Seven-point cutting tools Also called hackles because they look like a pair of scissors when closed.

##### Amal Zimmerman

Amal Zimmerman is a teacher who strives to make a difference in her students' lives. She loves the idea of children growing up and becoming great people, so she works hard at teaching them what they need to know to be successful. She's also passionate about education reform and has volunteered with many organizations related to education reform over the years because she believes that everyone deserves access to quality public schools.

#### Disclaimer

BartlesVilleSchools.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.