The word "Bergmanesque" refers to a certain worldview—a grim psychological record of people living in a world that God has abandoned—as proven by films the filmmaker never created. The word was coined in 1969 by film critic Pauline Kael.
Björn Ulvaeus, co-founder of Swedish rock band ABBA, says he is influenced by Ingmar Bergman when creating songs for his group. He has also called himself a "Bergman boy".
Bergman was an important force in raising awareness among European filmmakers about the potential of the cinema medium to tell emotional stories with great depth and complexity. His work is characterized by an intense exploration of human emotion with regard to violence, sexuality, religion, and aging.
Bergman's films are considered some of the greatest achievements in cinematic history. They have been cited as influences by many other major filmmakers including Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Michael Radford, and Stanley Kubrick.
Bergman died in 2007 at the age of 90.
Bergman tracked the heartbreaking cost of what he called "emotional impoverishment" in over 60 films throughout a six-decade career. His art is a rebuke to the cynical, clinical, calculating, thoughtless, and insensitive; he criticizes our lack of sympathy and our "empty but brilliant" irony. He shows us the loneliness of life, the beauty of nature, and the evil that can exist within even the most ordinary people.
Bergman was one of the most influential filmmakers in history and his work has had an enormous impact on many different kinds of movies after his death in 2007. He spent much of his life abroad because he hated America, but he returned home at age 70 to make one final film before going back to Sweden where he was born. This movie was entitled "The Best Intentions".
He created some of the most memorable characters in cinema history including Lenny in "Through a Glass Darkly", Arne as he discovers love and reality in equal measures in "Wild Strawberries", and Otto Falkenstrom who sells his soul to the devil in "Persona".
Bergman's work has been cited as an influence by many other great filmmakers from around the world including Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Francis Ford Coppola, Steven Spielberg, and Martin Scorsese.
He was nominated for two Oscars and won another three awards from five nominations.
All three "narratives" openly relate his personal life to his art, legitimizing him as an auteur. Bergman is the original genius since the cinema tales are directly based on his private life. In addition, each film is a self-contained work that can be enjoyed independently of the rest of the trilogy.
Bergman is one of the few directors who has been able to convey the true essence of human emotion through sound and image. His use of light and color is also very creative. What's more, every one of his films have social messages behind them, from criticism of war to protests against nuclear power. He was truly innovative for his time and continues to inspire new generations of filmmakers today.
Awarded seven Oscars and widely considered the greatest filmmaker of all time, it's no wonder that people still pay attention when he makes an appearance at festivals around the world. In 2012, for example, he attended the San Francisco International Film Festival where he received a lifetime achievement award.
Since its release in 1990, The Virgin Spring has become a cult classic. It tells the story of a young mother who finds her quiet village invaded by soldiers looking for someone who has gone missing. When she tries to help her neighbor, they both become targets for murder.
From 1956 through 1964, Bergman's "metaphysical" phase created the films for which he is most known today ("The Seventh Seal" among them). Bergman conveyed existential dread in both films with visuals of bleak landscapes and, in the case of "Wild Strawberries," a clock with no hands. He also used music by Swedish composers Erik Satie and Gustav Mahler.
During this time, Bergman made several films that some consider failures, but which are important examples of his work: "Summer With Monika" (1957), "The Devil's Daughter" (1958), and "Under Heaven's Sky" (1964).
But his greatest achievement during this period came when he directed the first part of Lars von Trier's trilogy ("The Ring", 1998, and its sequel, "The Second Ring".) The two men had been friends since they were children, and Bergman even wrote the screenplay for the second film in the series, but they went their separate ways after this success. Von Trier has said that if it weren't for Bergman, he would never have made these films.
Bergman's next few films were religious stories that received mixed reviews from critics. Some praised his exploration of moral issues, while others felt that his messages were too heavy-handed. In 1984, he released "Fountainhead", which was widely regarded as his best film.
Stephen Holden claims in a New York Times piece that Bergman, more than any of his contemporaries, was in touch with the "intellectual currents of his day," particularly Sartre and Freud.
In fact, Bergman was quite critical of both Sartre and Freud. He called Sartre a "prophet without honor" and said of Freud, "He has done much damage to our culture." But nonetheless, Holden is right that Bergman was interested in exploring the human condition from a philosophical perspective.
Bergman wanted to ask "what is truth?" and so he made films that asked this question. In doing so, he raised issues such as reality, morality, and the soul that many people continue to debate today.
But perhaps what is most interesting about Bergman is not how he answered these questions but that he even asked them in the first place. He wanted to know what makes us human and explored this through his characters' journeys toward self-awareness and moral responsibility.
This is not something that can be easily defined or explained, but it is an important part of human nature that we should all seek to understand more deeply.
Strindberg, August Jung, Carl Kierkegaard, Soren Ingmar Bergman, D. W. Griffith, Influenced by these great thinkers and writers, Ingmar Bergman developed as a filmmaker.
Bergman was an important figure in modern theater and film who created some of the most enduring characters in history. He died in 1982 at the age of 86 after filming his final movie.
Ingmar Sven Bergman was a Swedish actor, director, playwright, and screenwriter. He is best known for his dark films that deal with psychological trauma and emotional turmoil.
Bergman was born on March 13, 1898 in Uppsala, Sweden. His father was a doctor while his mother was a housewife who loved literature and music. She encouraged her son to read books from a young age.
When Bergman was six years old, his family moved to Mjölby, a small town near Uppsala where his father had a medical practice. Here he started taking piano lessons and also learned to swim and ride a bicycle.
He attended Uppsala University but left school before graduating to pursue acting.