Verb in travel 1: to demonstrate or declare false: disprove 2: to falsify, as in A falsifying by mutilation or addition, the accounts were faked to hide a theft. B falsifying evidence, testimony, etc., as by forgery.
Falsification means that what has been said is not true. So, falsification means that something has been lied about. There are many ways of lying, but only one way of falsifying: by forgery.
Forgery is the act of creating documents that appear to be authentic but are not. For example, someone could forge a letter to make it look like it was written by your friend when actually they wrote it themselves. This would be a case of forgery because the document appeared to be authentic but wasn't. There are many other ways of lying besides forgery, such as deception, pretense, and fiction. But only one way of falsifying: by forgery.
1: to demonstrate that something is untrue or erroneous by argument or evidence. - Refuting an allegation requires specific facts to disprove its truth.
2: to give reason to believe that something is not true or false; to prove a negative - there are many ways to refuted an allegation including providing evidence that contradicts the assertion or argument used to support it.
3: to show that something is wrong or incorrect by argument or evidence - the allegations were refuted by witnesses who saw him at school that day.
4: to make clear (that something is false) - the accusation was refuted by eyewitnesses.
5: to remove (something unpleasant) - the odor of alcohol was enough to refute the officer's claim that he was driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
6: to come up with a good answer to (a question, problem, etc.) - our team was able to refute their opponents' claims by using our strategy on the field.
1: to attack using words or arguments; to oppose or attack as untrue or lacking integrity; to cast doubt on the defendant's reputation. 2 a: to call into question by criticism b: to raise doubts about (someone's honesty); to affect (an opinion, belief, etc.) negatively imputing dishonesty to someone.
Imputing means accusing someone of wrongdoing, and it can be either direct or indirect. With indirect imputation, also called inferential imputation, we assume that one thing leads to another. For example, if we know that everyone who drinks alcohol becomes intoxicated, then we can say that Michael was imputed to have been drunk driving. Police officers often use this kind of reasoning when they conclude that someone was driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Direct imputation means stating the alleged offense outright. For example, "Michael stole the car," not "We can infer that he stole the car because he was seen in the parking lot with the door open." Although this method is most common with crimes that cannot be proven merely by eyewitness testimony, it can also be used for offenses that require proof beyond a reasonable doubt.
In American law, there are two methods by which guilt can be inferred: constructive possession and actual presence.
Verb in travel 1: to certify authoritatively, as in a: confirm b: to make a formal presentation c: to certify that something is true, as represented, or meets a standard. 2a: to state officially, as the secretary of state who certifies copies of documents 2b: to declare that (an individual) is qualified, as by signing a certificate 3: to mark as acceptable or invalid. 4a: to approve formally, as by signature or stamp 4: to endorse as valid.
Certification is the act of verifying or assuring the authenticity of something by signing and dating an official document called a certificate. The term is used in many contexts: certificates of citizenship, residence permits, grades issued by schools, military commissions, and awards presented by organizations-all of which must be certified by a person with authority to do so. A certification can also be referred to as an attestation. When you sign a document using this word, you are making an attestation that defines you as having seen or heard about certain facts based on your personal knowledge or experience.
There are two types of certifications: legal and notarial. A legal certification declares only that someone has met some requirements or qualifications to do something.