Sudbury, Ontario, Canada is known as the Nickel Capital of the World, and it is home to Laurentian University. The city was founded by French Canadians who were looking for alternative employment opportunities after the 1836 discovery of gold in California's Sierra Nevada Mountains created a mining boom there.
The population of Sudbury is approximately 100,000 people. It is located about an hour and a half from Toronto on the shore of Lake Huron. This small but very busy industrial center benefits from a low cost of living and quality education facilities.
In fact, Sudbury ranks first among all Canadian cities for its educational excellence. In addition, there are three universities within 30 minutes' drive of each other: Laurentian University, Lakehead University, and Ontario Northland College. These schools offer more than 100 programs of study leading to degrees at all levels. There are also many vocational training centers around Sudbury including Capilano River Training Centre, which offers inmates the opportunity to learn a trade while they're serving their sentence.
When it comes to sports, the main attraction of this city is probably hockey. Many famous NHL players have come out of Sudbury including Paul Henderson, Wendel Clark, Mark Messier, and Mike Ribeiro.
Greater Sudbury (Ontario) has the largest known reserve of nickel ore in the world. It's located within Lake Huron and contains about 2 billion pounds of metal.
In fact, Sudbury is one of only a few cities on Earth that can be found under two miles of ice for most of the year. But even though it's frozen, there are still ways to extract valuable materials from Sudbury's massive reserves. The first is through mining; the second is by using those mines as a source of raw material for other industries.
Both large-scale mining and using mined materials as a source of fuel are important elements in Sudbury's economy. The city is home to several mining companies with vast resources available for extraction. These include the world's third-largest miner of gold and silver (Evrazo), the fourth-largest (Dominion), and the fifth-largest (Anglo-Australian Gold).
The city is also one of the top five producers of uranium in North America. Although uranium is not naturally found near Sudbury, researchers have discovered large deposits inside granite rocks across the city.
A Sudbury icon celebrates its 55th birthday. "To put things in perspective, the Big Nickel weighs roughly the same as a typical school bus," she explained. She went on to say that it had an inner steel core and an outside stainless steel core. "You need nickel to manufacture stainless steel, which also keeps it from rusting."
The Big Nickel was created in Sudbury by Northern Ontario company Howmet Inc. In 1969, Northern Ontario had only two metal industries left after the closure of Timmins Gold Mine and Eriélium Mines. The founder of Howmet, David Brown, wanted to promote his town as a manufacturing center. He came up with the idea for a monument that would show what kinds of products were made in Northern Ontario. The Big Nickel was dedicated on July 8, 1969, at Howmet's new factory site. It took four years to complete because there were so many parts that needed to be made first before they could build the statue.
Howmet sold their stake in the company in 1973, but the Big Nickel still stands today in front of Howmet's factory building.
In 2016, Northern Ontario has one of the world's largest nickel mines. The mine is owned by Vale SA of Brazil and operates under the name Sudbury Silver Ltd. It uses technology called in-situ leach mining and access tunnels more than 400 meters deep to get to the ore body.