New Zealand's flag is a defaced blue ensign with the Union Flag across the canton and four purple stars with white borders to the right. The union jack was added after New Zealand became part of the United Kingdom in 1840.
The four stars are based on the British flags used at that time, with changes made to reflect the nationality of New Zealand instead. The black star represents New Zealand itself, while the three red stars represent the three founding colonies of New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. The white border around the stars was added after 1949 when a new design for the flag was adopted by order of the New Zealand Parliament.
The original flag designed in 1949 had no borders around the stars; they were added after the renaming of New Zealand as part of an effort to establish it as a country worthy of joining the UN. The change was proposed by Sir Edmund Hillary who said that having no borders made the flag too similar to Australia's. However, some people felt that with so many countries already using stars with borders, adding more would make the flag look like a collection of parts rather than one nation.
In addition to being the national flag, the blue ensign also serves as the maritime flag for New Zealand.
New Zealand's Ensign The New Zealand flag (Maori: Te haki o Aotearoa), also known as the New Zealand Ensign, is based on the British maritime Blue Ensign—a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton or upper hoist corner—added or defaced with four red stars centred within four white stars, representing the Southern Cross.
The New Zealand flag was adopted on 1 January 1953. It replaced the former New Zealand flag which consisted of a blue ground with a yellow star centered between two blue stripes from the Union Flag. This flag had been introduced in 1840 to represent New Zealand at its admission to the United Nations.
New Zealand's flag, which has a blue background, the Union Jack, and stars signifying the Southern Cross constellation, was approved in 1902. The cross is made up of four stars: Alpha Centauri (the nearest star to Earth at 4.3 light-years away), Beta Centauri, Gamma Centauri, and Delta Centauri.
Stars have been used as symbols for countries since the 16th century, when they first appeared in Europe during the reign of Elizabeth I. She used stars and stripes to symbolize England and America, respectively. It wasn't until later that other countries began using stars to represent themselves on flags.
In 1777, the American Declaration of Independence included a map showing the boundaries of the new country with a single star to represent each state. In 1816, the first true national flag was adopted by the United States; it included 50 stars to represent the states. Today, many countries use symbols on their flags to represent their nations. Some examples include France, which uses the French Lion; Italy, which uses the Italian Eagle; and Japan, which uses the Japanese Torii.
In New Zealand, the union jack/British flag was adopted in 1902. This was several years after New Zealand became independent from Britain.
The constellation of the Southern Cross New Zealand's flag, which has a blue background, the Union Jack, and stars signifying the Southern Cross constellation, was approved in 1902. The Southern Cross is represented by four five-pointed red stars on New Zealand's flag.
The star pattern on flags has no special meaning, but it does represent different things to different people. To some Australians, the black swan flies high on the Australian flag to symbolize death or tragedy. To others, the white swan marks the start of new life - especially new wine growing regions. In New Zealand, the red star represents blood spilled during battles with native Americans before European settlement.
Flags are powerful symbols that can affect how we feel about countries and their people. The symbolism of the Southern Cross on New Zealand's flag means many different things to different people. For Australians, the black swan may remind them of home, while for New Zealanders, the red star shows that this country has suffered at the hands of humans.