They were skilled in the utilization of a wide range of raw materials, including shell, bone, various types of stone, wood, fibers, and even feathers. They manufactured tools from all these materials, using techniques such as cutting, grinding, and polishing.
The Great Plains culture was divided into many small societies who lived by hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants for food and material goods. They used their knowledge about plant medicines to treat illness and help injured animals recover.
Women played an important role in most aspects of life including but not limited to family management, farming, tool making, and medicine. The presence of men outside the home during this time is evidence that they may have participated in war practices or other forms of violence against other tribes or nations.
Great Plains art includes paintings on rocks, ceramics, and bones. Artists used any type of material they could get their hands on, which included oils, pigments made from berries, and minerals extracted from the ground. They often painted scenes that reminded them of past events or that told stories about what had happened before they died. These paintings are thought to be powerful medicine objects because they speak of our past lives and offer guidance for future ones.
Great Plains music is known today through recordings made in modern times.
Native Americans made spears, arrows, and club points out of animal bones, horns, antlers, and tusks, as well as fishhooks, needles, pins, weaving tools, knives, scrapers, and chisels. They made bowls, spoons, ceremonial items, toys, games, decorations, and jewelry out of these materials. Metal objects were made by heating metal in a fire until it became malleable, then shaping it with other materials such as stones or wood.
Native Americans used stone tools because no other material worked well for them. Glass beads were important trade goods that helped people keep track of time and trade with others groups. Beads made from shell, glass, bone, and fur were used by many different cultures throughout history.
People often used the same tool to create more than one item. For example, a knife could be used to cut meat for food, skin for clothing, and wood for weapons. Scientists have found evidence that some ancient people kept cutting their own hair with sharp rocks to avoid having to pay barbers!
Native Americans lived in small communities called tribes. A tribe would usually include families who were related by blood or marriage. Each tribe had a chief who led them in war and peace. Some Indians didn't have chiefs but instead chose representatives to lead discussions and make decisions on behalf of the community.
In most cases, men were responsible for making all the decisions as leaders.
The Plateau people employed bone (arrow heads), wood (nets and carvings), and stone (spears and cutting tools) tools that were embellished with carvings, copper, feathers, and beads. They used these tools to hunt buffalo, deer, fish, turtles, and birds. The Plateau Indians also cultivated corn, beans, and sunflowers.
These facts about the Plateau Indians come from an introduction to their culture on the United States Geological Survey (USGS) website.
In addition to the Plateau Indians, there are other groups in America who have not yet been discussed in this article. Some examples are the Cherokee, Chocktaw, Choctaw, Creek, Delaware, Hitchiti, Housatonic, Iroquois, Lumbee, Miccosukee, Mohegan, Natchez, Neutrals, Odawa, Ozette, Pequot, Picayune, Poarch, Quinault, Seminole, Shawnee, Tlingit, Tuscarora, and Wyandotte. There are also some groups in America whose origin is still a subject of debate today.
The Plateau people's tools and weaponry were composed of bone (such as arrow heads), wood, fishing nets, and stone (such as spears and cutting tools). Carvings, feathers, and beads adorned their weapons and equipment. The Plateau Indians used bows and arrows for hunting; they built their houses from bamboo and timber.
Bows are powerful weapons that were made out of bamboo and wood. A bowyer would first cut the bamboo into small sections and then smooth them down with a knife or file before beginning the hard work of shaping it. Once complete, the bow would be soaked in water to make it more flexible and then strung with sinew or hemp string.
Arrows were made of wood, bone, or stone. They usually had a pointy tip or not. Some examples are finneskloak and dart. People used these missiles in battle to kill other people. Sometimes people buried the bodies in fields after killing them using only their hands!
People also used fishnets as weapons. These were woven baskets filled with holes linked together. When thrown, they would break into many pieces, causing much damage.
Finally, they used stone weapons such as spears and knives. These were often used as offensive weapons against enemies but could also be used as defensive weapons against animals or people.
Stone and flint were two of the Cherokee Indians' favored resources. The Cherokee people made effective use of these resources since they were plentiful where they lived. Making weapons and tools was a skill that was passed down through the generations. The men went out hunting and fished, while the women cleaned the fish and prepared them for cooking.
They also gathered nuts and fruits from the trees in their natural state or grew them in gardens. The potatoes, tomatoes, and corn were all cultivated by the Cherokee people. They used the land wisely, allowing some areas to grow crops while others kept as wild forests full of game for food and material for clothing and shelters.
Their mode of transportation was by canoe on either the Tennessee River or the Hiwassee River. Both rivers were used by the Cherokee as routes for trade and travel. Canoes were also useful for fighting wars against other Indian tribes or going fishing. Since there were no cars in those days, the Cherokee had to rely on horses for transportation. There were also small flying birds called eagles that would eat meat too big for any man to handle. These birds were often used by the warriors in battle to fly away with the head of an enemy leader.
Healers were usually members of one of the medicine societies who knew the beliefs of the Cherokee people and could cure them if they were sick.