Students in 7th and 8th grades are prepared for the algebra and geometry work they will be doing in high school. These foundational elements will be critical to their overall comprehension and achievement in high school. 1st through 4th grade students develop number sense and begin to learn about addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division as they play with toys and engage in other activities. They also learn about lower-level mathematics such as measurement and probability when playing with blocks and other materials.

In 5th grade, students continue to build on what they learned in previous grades by learning how to solve problems involving whole numbers. They also begin to explore higher-level concepts such as ratios and proportions. 6th grade is the first year that students study **U.S. history** in detail. The course content focuses on events that have occurred within the United States over the past few hundred years, including discussions of wars, rebellions, elections, and more. Students are expected to read extensively from historical sources as well as produce **written reports** on individuals and events they study.

In **7th grade**, students study algebra. Algebra covers topics such as equations, inequalities, graphs, coordinates, linear equations, quadratic equations, cubic equations, exponential equations, logarithmic equations, rates of change, and more.

As seventh grade students work on arithmetic, they will build on previous knowledge in order to stay ahead of the curve. Their math studies will lay **a solid basis** for what they will attempt in high school math as they progress through middle school. Topics will include integers and fractions, ratios and proportions, algebraic expressions and equations, graphs, coordinate geometry, probability, statistics, and more.

In addition to **standard curriculum**, each student will be encouraged to explore areas of interest through research, project planning, and other forms of creative activity.

Math classes in 7th grade are typically three hours per day, five days a week. There is no required coursework in these classes so students have the opportunity to learn at their own pace. Students who struggle to keep up with the material can take advantage of supplemental instruction from teachers or peers. In this case, there would be more time spent on topics that need further development rather than reviewing past material.

For most students, 7th grade mathematics courses provide an excellent foundation for higher level math courses in **high school**. The concepts learned in 7th grade are used throughout middle school as students develop their math skills further. By the end of 7th grade, most students should be able to handle higher-level math such as algebra II or trigonometry. Some students may need **additional guidance** from a teacher with expertise in preparing students for higher levels of math.

In **seventh grade math**, students learn about **algebraic equations** and basic formula-related statements. Simple one-variable linear algebraic expressions and problems are included in the curriculum. Seventh graders also study coordinate geometry and trigonometry. Coordinate geometry involves the study of **right triangles** and their relationships to **other shapes** such as circles and squares. Trigonometry includes topics such as sine, cosine, tangent, and cotangent functions.

Seventh grade math also covers probability. Students will study examples such as games with odds, simple bets, and lotteries. They will also analyze data using frequency distributions and measures of central tendency.

Finally, students will study coordinates with respect to rectangular systems such as the Cartesian plane and polar coordinates. The study of coordinates is important for understanding transformations between different coordinate systems. For example, if you know the position of a car on a street, you can use this information to find its position on another street at a later date. You do this by transforming the original position into coordinates in the new system. Then, you can use the known values in the new system to solve for the original position in the first system.

Students will be able to identify variables that appear in mathematical expressions and be able to create and use graphs to represent patterns or trends found in data sets.

Math Curriculum for **the Ninth Grade** Depending on the student's educational path, the basic mathematics curriculum for freshmen in **high school** begins with Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, or Geometry. Depending on the student's educational path, the basic mathematics curriculum for freshmen in high school begins with Pre-Algebra, Algebra I, or Geometry. Pre-Algebra covers topics such as numbers, algebraic operations, and functions. It is the first step on the road to more advanced mathematics courses. Algebra I focuses on solving real-world problems using algebra. Topics include linear equations, inequalities, graphs, coordinates, determinants, matrices, permutations, combinations, and probability. Geometry builds on what was learned in Algebra I by focusing on shapes and spatial relationships. Students will learn concepts such as lines, planes, 3D geometry, coordinate systems, and area. They will also practice skills such as graphing points on a number line, comparing angles, and determining the volume of objects.

After completing the ninth grade mathematics course, students may be ready for further advancement or they may want to explore other subjects. Some schools require their students to take additional mathematics courses before graduating, while others allow students to move on to tenth grade without taking more than the minimum required courses. The best advice we can give is to find out what requirements your school has for graduation and then work toward meeting those requirements while exploring other interests and activities you might find enjoyable.

Students in grade 11 are required to demonstrate a thorough comprehension of key algebraic expressions and functions, as well as skill in data collection and analysis. Most students take Algebra II during **their junior year**, although some may take Geometry or even Pre-Calculus.

During the summer following their 11th grade year, students have the opportunity to study mathematics at one of many high school math camps where they can learn from faculty members who work at universities and colleges across the country. These workshops cover topics such as algebra, geometry, precalculus, calculus, statistics, and research methods.

In addition, many high school students take courses at local community colleges. These classes can help students prepare for **the mathematics portion** of the SAT or ACT exams.

Finally, some students choose to participate in co-op programs. In these programs, students work either full time or part time during **their senior year**, often assisting with teaching duties as well as research and other projects associated with the profession. After serving **their first year**, most co-ops can apply to continue working with **qualified schools** until they graduate.

Courses taken by 11th graders vary depending on the student's interests and career goals.