The abstract includes four important components of the report: the objective of the experiment (also known as the purpose of the study), main findings, importance, and major conclusions. A brief mention to theory or approach is frequently included in the abstract. An abstract is usually a one-page summary of the paper.
The objective of the experiment needs to be stated clearly at the beginning of the abstract. It can be as simple as "to compare two methods for measuring blood glucose." Or the experiment may be more extensive and include many different aspects of the research problem. For example, one experiment might examine how glucose levels are affected by food intake while another experiment could investigate the effects of different medications on glucose metabolism. Clearly state the specific questions you plan to address with your experiments. This will help others understand what was found and why it is relevant to their work.
In the body of the abstract, it is not necessary to repeat the entire experiment. Instead, only key results should be mentioned in detail. These can be summarized in a paragraph. If there are additional observations that did not lead to significant results or conclusions, they can also be included here.
The end of the abstract should include a concise summary of the main findings. They should be simple statements indicating whether or not the objectives of the study were met and what, if any, conclusions can be made based on the results.
The abstract explains your experiment and consists of three or two words for each of the report's primary components, as follows:
A brief explanation of why the experiment is being carried out. Include information on the experiment, such as the procedures employed, a specific chemical reaction (or reactions), and/or the expected result. Make a comment or two regarding the experiment's expected outcome. Discuss any limitations of your study that may influence your results.
Describe your methods for carrying out the experiment. This should include all steps necessary to conduct the experiment. Note any problems that may have arisen during the course of the research project and describe how these were resolved. Be sure to include any changes made to ensure consistent results across multiple experiments.
Analyze the data obtained from the experiment. This means simply determining what numbers are left over after various processes have been carried out. For example, if 5 ounces of water is mixed with 2 tablespoons of salt and then left undisturbed for 24 hours at room temperature, what is the total amount of salt in the water?
Record your findings in scientific notation! Record your observations accurately and concisely. Use proper naming conventions for materials used in the laboratory. Keep track of which samples belong to what experiment in a scientific notebook or spreadsheet. You can use this list of samples for reference when writing up your results.
Science lab reports are usually between 500-1,500 words.
Writing Lab Report Objectives
This includes the following:
State the importance or implications of your experimental findings and suggest future study areas. Relate your findings to the experiment's objectives. Summarize your findings (can be combined with Stage 1). Explain your findings. Support your explanation with evidence from the literature or laboratory experiments, or both.
3 major findings or trends discovered as a result of your...
An abstract highlights the main points of the full work in the following order: 1 the general objective of the study and the research problem(s) you researched; 2 the fundamental design of the study; and 3 important results or trends uncovered as a consequence of your research. Each section requires about 250 words.
The first section is called the abstract title. This title should give readers an idea of what the paper is about without giving away too much information - like most effective titles do. The abstract title should be written in such a way that it captures attention but does not give away too much information about the paper's content. For example, "Childhood obesity: Current statistics and future trends" would be a suitable abstract title while "How childhood obesity affects health in the future" would not. Abstracts tend to be shorter than other parts of the paper because they are often reviewed by others before being accepted for publication. So they need to get to the point quickly but still explain enough to make the reader want to read the rest of the paper.
The second section is called the introduction. The introduction is a short document that introduces the reader to the topic of the paper and puts the study into context. It should state clearly what the study is intended to accomplish and how it will go about doing so. An introduction may also include a review of the relevant literature. Generally, introductions are between six and eight paragraphs long.