The Puritans belonged to a religious reform movement within the Church of England that originated in the late 16th century. While the Separatists felt that leaving the Church of England was the only way to live according to Biblical principles, the Puritans believed that they could reform the church from inside. They wanted to "purify" it by eliminating practices they considered unbiblical.
The two groups didn't get along very well. The Puritans viewed the Separatists as heretics and tried to force them out of society. The Separatists responded by forming their own communities away from the Puritans. There were several outbreaks of violence between 17th-century settlers in New England. In some cases, entire families moved to separate islands or farms to avoid being killed.
Eventually, most of the Separatists went back into Anglicanism. But many others continued to practice religion as they saw fit without interference from the Church of England. This is how we get the term "Puritanical" today. People who purify themselves of worldly things to focus on spiritual matters.
This separation of church and state was new territory for America. The Founding Fathers had no idea what kind of country they were creating or why certain things were important. So they just threw up their hands and said, "We'll see!"
That's why we have Liberty Trees across America.
The Anglican Church of England While the Separatists felt that leaving the Church of England was the only way to live according to Biblical principles, the Puritans believed that they could reform the church from inside. The Church of England was deeply entrenched in ceremonialism- a term used to describe the practice of making religious gestures like praying and singing liturgical poems, but not attending worship, so as to show off one's devotion.
The Separatists formed their own churches with full clergy directories, using English as their language of worship. They also created a system of "godly officers" to help shepherd the flock, including elder boards for each town and parish. These men were given authority by the congregations to rule on minor issues before them. If the problem persisted, then the elders could bring it before the general court for judgment.
The Puritans wanted to clean up the Church of England and return it to its roots in terms of doctrine and practice. However, unlike the Separatists, they felt that this could only be done by taking the lead from God through prayer and fasting. They rejected royal authority in spiritual matters and insisted on being governed only by Christ himself through his church.
Thus, the two groups differed greatly in how they viewed the role of government in religion.
They wanted to change what they saw as the immorality and lack of faithfulness to the Bible within its own structure.
The goals of both groups were similar: to create a new model of church government that would be based on biblical authority and to encourage Christians to live by such authority. However, while the Separatists sought to form their own separate nation within existing European countries, the Puritans wanted to reform the English Church from inside. They believed that God had called them to England and wanted them to start a new church here. Thus, they established the first American churches with help from other Separatist leaders in England.
These two groups of people came together in 1618 at the Conference of Dort where they agreed upon a set of articles that defined Christianity in a way that separated the Puritans from the Catholics and Anglicans. The conference also created a system of church government that is still used today by many Presbyterian and Congregational churches. This document is known as the Westminster Confession of Faith.
The Puritans were followers of Puritanism, a religious reform movement that originated inside the Church of England in the late 16th century. They thought the Church of England was too close to the Roman Catholic Church and that it should abandon rites and customs that were not based on the Bible. In order to bring about these changes, they withdrew from the Church of England and formed their own independent churches. These separate churches shared many beliefs with the original Church of England but also had ideas and practices that were unique to them.
Puritanism can be described as a fundamental belief in strict obedience to God's law as revealed in the Bible and interpreted by the early Church fathers. This led to many cultural changes in English society. For example, people stopped wearing clothes with buttons and started wearing only garments that were either made from homespun wool or manufactured from raw cotton harvested in America. Food stores did not open on Sundays, so people cooked dinner on Saturday and ate it cold on Monday. The traditional Christian holiday, Christmas, was replaced with Thanksgiving as an annual celebration on December 13th. The term "purge" was used to describe the elimination of corruption from office or society. Purges often resulted in the execution of enemies of the state who could not be prosecuted under common law.
In conclusion, the Puritans believed that true religion involved more than just going to church on Sunday and saying your prayers. It included living according to biblical principles every day of the week.