The results were mixed. On the one hand, conflict has an absorptive effect. Jews fight in disproportionate numbers—approximately 250,000, or nearly to 8% of the overall Jewish population—along with persons from different origins, religions, and locations. Many more perish than survive: The war claimed approximately 9 million lives. On the other hand, peace brings benefits as well. In particular, it allows Jews to reclaim their place in society after centuries of exclusion and persecution.
World War I had a major impact on Jews worldwide. In some countries, such as Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia, wartime restrictions against them were lifted, while in others, such as Turkey and Iraq, they faced discrimination. Even after the war, many Jews were unable to return home because of poverty or violence. Overall, however, the situation for Jews improved dramatically during and following the war.
The conflict altered the relationship between Christians and Muslims in Jerusalem, uniting them in their hostility to Jewish immigration. The battle also resulted in the establishment of new religious organizations, such as the Palestinian Association of Egypt. These groups would play an important role in the future government of Palestine.
At the end of the war, Turkish control of the Ottoman Empire was weakened by nationalist movements among its own people. A young revolutionary named Mustafa Kemal "Kemal" Atatürk gained power in Turkey and began a decades-long process of modernization that transformed his country into a first-world nation.
In addition to these major changes, the conflict had a profound effect on the behavior of both Christians and Muslims throughout the Middle East. For example, Arab nationalism arose as a response to Zionism, with many founding states expelling or boycotting Israeli products. The war also led to the creation of Christian and Muslim militias that carried out attacks against each other's communities with increasing frequency. These groups would play a major role in the ongoing struggle for power within post-war Jerusalem.
Finally, World War I is responsible for the emergence of political Islam as we know it today. Prior to the war, Islamic governments were typically authoritarian regimes that banned Christianity and Judaism.
Approximately 550,000 Jewish men and women served in the United States military services during World War II. (An additional one million Jews served in various Allied armies, including 500,000 in the Soviet Army, 100,000 in the Polish Military, and 30,000 in the British Army.) By comparison, there were only about 1.5 million Jews in the entire world at that time. About 6,000 died while serving in the US Army.
After the war ended in 1945, some Jews who had been in the armed forces decided not to return to what was still essentially a very antisemitic Europe. Instead, they stayed in the United States, where many were granted American citizenship.
In addition, many of those who did return home found it difficult to find work because of the stigma attached to being in the armed forces. As a result, some people started businesses offering employment opportunities for former servicemen. These included such fields as construction, which needed workers; and rental properties, which could use tenants.
Another important factor contributing to the presence of Jews in the military after World War II was the government's policy of "military-civilian integration". Under this plan, all citizens who were able to meet the physical requirements for military service were expected to do so.
The primary rule of Jewish warfare is to avoid it at all costs. Before fighting an opponent, a Jewish army must first propose peace. If that offer is not accepted, the Torah commands that every male be slaughtered and the women, children, and cattle be seized as spoils. This pertains solely to wars with non-Canaanite states. In order for Jews to fight successfully against Canaanites, they are permitted to use deadly force if absolutely necessary.
In fact, the word "war" itself is derived from a Hebrew term meaning "to strike down one's enemy."
Jewish law does not allow them to attack or invade another country without its consent. Additionally, the command to "fight" means only to defend themselves against an imminent threat. There is no mandate for Jew to go out and battle for territory or anything else beyond self-defense.
According to Jewish law, there is no such thing as justifiable violence. Any act intended to cause physical harm to another human being is considered murder no matter what your reason may be. The only exception is if you are fighting against your enemy and need to kill him to save yourself. Even in those cases, you should try to avoid doing so if possible.
Jews have been historically persecuted for their beliefs. Over time, many have converted to other religions to avoid the death penalty. Today, there are less than 1 million Jews worldwide, most of whom live in Israel and America.