History of Slave States in the United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia were all slave states between 1820 and 1860. In addition, how many free and slave states existed in 1820?
The number of free states and slave states was established by the Congress and confirmed by state conventions before the opening of the 19th century. On January 1, 1820, there were five free states and 29 slave states. This number would remain relatively stable for several decades.
In 1840, the number of free states increased to 12 while the number of slave states remained at 29. In 1860, just prior to the start of the Civil War, there were 13 free states and 31 slave states. After the war, the number of free states increased to 15 while the number of slave states stayed at 31. In 1866, after the admission of Colorado and Wyoming, the number of slave states rose to 32. In 1870, after the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment, the number of free states exceeded that of the slave states for the first time since 1840. In 1880, the last year for which data is available, there were 30 free states and 38 slave states.
Thus, between 1820 and 1880 the number of free states increased by one while the number of slave states remained constant at about 30.
There were 15 states that permitted slavery and 15 that did not. How many of the original 13 states were slave, and how many were free? Label them with "S" or "F" under the name of each state on your map. You'll see that 5 states had abolished slavery before the Civil War began, but the other 10 had not.
Here are the results:
Alabama | Arkansas | Florida | Georgia | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maryland | Mississippi | Missouri | Nebraska | New York | Ohio | Pennsylvania | South Carolina | Tennessee | Texas | Virginia
It's important to remember that these were new territories with new governments. Some allowed slavery, others didn't. But even after slavery was banned by law in most states, it still existed in practice. For example, until the early 20th century, black Americans could never own land in Alabama, Arkansas, or Mississippi. They could only work it as a tenant or hireling.
Overall, 4 of the 13 original states were slave and 9 were free. This is why there are 4 years (out of 48) that don't appear on your map.
Abolition became the dominant movement in the country during the 1830s and 1840s. While slavery was controversial at the time, it wasn't politically impossible to be for it.
The six states formed from the area were all free states: Ohio (1803), Indiana (1816), Illinois (1818), Michigan (1837), Wisconsin (1848), and Minnesota (1858).
The disputes were so vehement that seven southern states seceded from the Union to create the Confederate States of America. Which states in the United States had the most slaves at the start of the Civil War?
|State||Slaves in 1860|
In the history of the United States of America, a slave state was a state in which slavery was allowed at one point in time. A free state was one in which slavery was illegal. Slavery was a contentious topic in the United States. It was one of the main reasons for the American Civil War.
Slavery was not allowed when Missouri became a state in 1821. However, the practice did not disappear immediately after it was banned. It was not until 1857 that all remaining slaves in Missouri become free. By then, slavery had already been abolished in other states. So, by legal definition, Missouri was a free state from 1857-1865.
However, many Southern plantation owners moved to Missouri and brought their slaves with them. This so-called "black code" allowed these slaves to remain enslaved for another seven years. So, in summary, Missouri was a slave state from 1821 to 1857 and then again from 1857 to 1865.
There were also free states where slavery was not prohibited by law but had no presence of mind either. For example, if a slave owner wanted to keep his slave but not have him be considered part of his estate, he could give him his freedom before dying. His family would then be responsible for paying off any debt or loan that the man owed. If they could not or would not, then the slave would be returned to his master's family.
The abolition of slavery The slave states that remained in the Union, Maryland, Missouri, Delaware, and Kentucky (referred to as border states), retained their seats in the United States Congress. Tennessee was already under Union authority by the time the Emancipation Proclamation was released in 1863. However, slavery there wasn't abolished until after the Civil War ended in 1865.
In fact, slavery still exists in three states: Virginia, South Carolina, and Louisiana. In addition, there are two territories in America where slavery is allowed by law: Utah and New Mexico.
Virginia had the largest population of slaves at the time of emancipation with about 200,000 people. At that time, 40% of Virginia's workers were enslaved. Today, only 0.5% of Virginia's workers are employed in agriculture, but that number includes plantation owners who would have been freed but instead chose not to take part in the free labor market.
In total, there are around 4 million people in these states and territories who were once slaves. Not only did slavery exist in all parts of the country, but also many slaves worked on large plantations with hundreds of acres of land that could be near or far from home. There they were given basic food and shelter and most likely beaten if they didn't obey their masters quickly enough.
There were 19 free states and 15 slave states just before the Civil War. Slavery was abolished in several of these jurisdictions during the war, and the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, approved in December 1865, effectively ended slavery across the United States. However, there were still many slaves in the South after the war ended; indeed, statistics from the 1850 census indicate that there were more than 500,000 slaves in Virginia alone.
In fact, it wasn't until the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution in 1866 that slavery was officially ended throughout all of America. However, since the amendment went into effect after the conclusion of the Civil War, it did not affect any of the states that had already abolished slavery.
Additionally, although the Confederate States of America was defeated, some southern states didn't end up joining the Union until later years. For example, Mississippi became a state in 1832 but didn't join the Union until after the Civil War had ended. Likewise, Texas joined the Union in 1845 but didn't become a state until five years after the end of the war.
Finally, Alaska and Hawaii became territories of the United States when they were purchased from Russia in 1867 and 1898, respectively. Both areas had no history of slavery prior to this time.