The Patrons of Husbandry, often known as the Grange, was created in 1867 to enhance agricultural practices and to promote the social and economic interests of farmers in the United States. The organization's name comes from the British Parliament which passed the Act for the Registration of Landowners in 1657.
The goals of the Grange were: 1 to protect farmers' rights; 2 to provide mutual assistance; 3 to help advance agriculture; and 4 to promote good citizenship.
The Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union were organized along provincial lines with their own officers and committees. However, they did have a common president who was elected by vote of members in each province. The offices were held for one year and were not up for election unless there was conflict of interest between the presidents. The first president was George Washington Ballinger from Ontario. He served from 1877 to 1878. After his death, his wife assumed the office until it was replaced by Thomas James "Tim" Meighan in 1879.
The Meighan family has been involved in politics and journalism for many years. Tim Meighan was a newspaper editor and publisher who used his positions to support the policies of the Farmers Alliance. His son-in-law Alva F. Townley took over the presidency after Tim's death in 1896.
The Grange, originally known as the Patrons of Husbandry, was founded in 1867 to help farmers with the purchase of machinery, the construction of grain elevators, fighting for government regulation of railroad shipping rates, and providing a social network for farm families. There were almost one million members by the early 1870s.
The organization's name comes from the English word "grange", which means a piece of land attached to a house. In this case, it is used to describe a farming establishment consisting of a house and surrounding barn or other storage facilities.
After the American Civil War ended, many former soldiers could not be hired as farmers because they did not have any land of their own. The Grange provided them with a way to join together to buy farm equipment and create cooperatives that would give them a better price for their crops. These services are what make the Grange so important for farmers today.
In addition to being a place where farmers could find work, the Grange also helped them sell their products. Before there were banks, people needed another way to get their money; since farmers had no choice but to ship their products to market, they needed a way to transport them economically. By joining together to pay for transportation costs, farmers were able to make more sales and increase their income. A few years after its founding, the Grange decided to start raising cattle for meat production instead of just selling milk.
These individuals founded the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry, often known as the Grange, in 1867. Although, like the Masons, the Grange originated largely as a social organization to provide educational and recreational activities for farmers, it grew into a strong political force. By the time it disbanded in 1895, it had become one of the most powerful organizations in Wisconsin politics.
The Grange was unique among farmers' groups because it did not focus on selling products but rather on advocating for laws that would benefit farmers. This may explain why it became so popular among rural voters- many of whom were also members of other organizations that sold products (such as the American Farmers Alliance).
The Grange's influence extended well beyond Wisconsin. It created a network of supporters that helped politicians get elected throughout the Midwest. These supporters would send letters and money to politicians they believed to be supportive of farming interests. If these politicians took action on any of the issues before them, such as supporting tariffs or banning child labor, then they received further support from the Grange. The Grange also provided an opportunity for farmers to meet and discuss issues important to their industry.
In addition to being a powerful advocacy group, the Grange played an important role in educating farmers about issues affecting their business. For example, during the 1880s and 1890s, many farmers were forced off of their farms due to debt.
The Grange, or Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (the latter was the official name of the national organization, while the former was the name of local chapters, including a supervisory National Grange in Washington), was a secret order founded in 1867 to advance the social needs of farms and combat their economic backwardness... The farmers' guilds were organized on a regional basis by state. They played an important role in advancing agricultural education as well as promoting agriculture-related industries such as canning and refrigeration.
In addition to organizing farm demonstrations and educational events, many farmer's granges also provided mutual assistance and legal protection for their members.
Farmer's granges can be either voluntary or compulsory membership organizations. Voluntary granges are groups of farmers who get together to share information about farming practices and offer support to one another. Most commonly, these gatherings include lectures on various topics related to farming, but they may also include dances, picnics, and other activities. Groups usually form for purposes that benefit both individuals and the entire fraternity/guild. For example, a dairy farmer might form a guild to exchange ideas and techniques about farming products before they sell their goods. This would help the farmer identify what types of markets to target with their products.
Compulsory granges require their members to be active farmers in order to join. They often provide services not available from public institutions at little or no cost to their members.
The Grange, formally known as The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, is a social organization in the United States that encourages families to join together to advance the community's and agriculture's economic and political well-being. The organization began as a fraternity for American farmers who wanted to improve their business skills and make more profitable use of technology.
Its founders believed that only by working together could farmers increase their productivity and compete successfully with industrial agriculture. They also believed that only by working together would they be able to influence government policy in their favor. The National Grange was founded on October 15, 1866 by William E. Woodward, Henry D. McMaster, and John B. Gresham after they met with other leading citizens of Greenville, South Carolina. The organization quickly spread throughout the southern United States where it had 450 local chapters by 1870.
McMaster and Gresham were elected president and vice president, respectively, of the national organization. Woodward was chosen to serve as secretary but died before taking office. A legislative council was formed to advise the officers on policy issues before them. Members of this council were given voting rights.
In addition to its national headquarters in Greenville, the Grange had regional offices in Louisville, New York City, Chicago, and Philadelphia. It also maintained a foreign service department that handled correspondence from members in Canada and Europe.