The Great Pyramids Pyramids were erected by the ancient Egyptians as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. From the commencement of the Old Kingdom through the conclusion of the Middle Kingdom, the Pharaohs were buried in pyramids of various shapes and sizes. The most famous of these pyramids was erected for the Egyptian king Khufu. It is based on the theory of his rule over all Egypt and is thus also called the Pyramid of Giza.
The role of the pyramid was to provide a durable monument that would survive the ravages of time and the elements. A pyramid shape was ideal because it was easy to construct and efficient use could be made of the material available. In addition, the Egyptian people believed that they were helping the pharaoh reach eternal life by building him a pyramid.
There are several theories about why the Egyptians built such large structures. Some scholars believe that they were used as astronomical observatories while others think that they were designed to honor the Pharaohs or to serve as places for them to rest during spiritual journeys. However, what is not disputed is that the Great Pyramids were indeed impressive monuments that still stand today as reminders of the greatness of the ancient Egyptians.
The pyramids were erected to protect the bodies of the pharaohs who had died. These huge tombs were built to resist the elements of time and to last eternally. Most ancient Egyptians, including the Pharaoh, made plans for their demise. They never lived past a reasonable age because there was no medical knowledge or technology available to prolong life.
The Pharaohs believed that after they died, they would be able to join their ancestors in the afterlife. To do this, they needed to be preserved for all eternity. The pyramids were designed as large and permanent structures within which the bodies of the pharaohs could be buried with only minimal exposure to the elements.
In addition to serving as tombs, the pyramids were also used as temples, schools, and museums. Religious beliefs played an important role in the lives of the Egyptians. They believed that the world was created by the god Ra, who lived up in the sky. He took on human form once every 100 years when he came down to Earth to save humanity. When Ra returned, he would remember nothing of what had happened during his absence, so ancient Egypt had a sacred calendar called the Heliopolitan Decalogue that listed the dates when each king was expected to return to Heaven.
The Pharaohs wanted to be ready when that day came. So they built pyramids everywhere they ruled, even outside of Egypt.
They appear to be ornate temples or enclosures, residences, and tombs, emblems of the Pharaohs' immortality and the permanence of Egyptian culture. Many of the pyramids still intact, but the Pharaohs are long gone, despite mummification efforts.
The power of the pharaohs is evident from the great sacrifices that were made to honor them after they died. The kings were buried with their treasures in well-known places along with many other items that had no other home. The burial sites are some of the most important archaeological finds because they tell us so much about ancient Egypt.
In addition to their own graves, the pharaohs were also buried with their ancestors in large necropolises called pyramid fields. There are more than one hundred such fields, each containing several pyramids. It is believed that this was done to preserve their memory even after they were dead.
The pyramids were not only a symbol of the power of the pharaohs, but also an example for others to follow. They are the only known human structures outside of Egypt that are almost entirely built with stone. The Egyptians learned how to quarry and transport huge blocks of stone, and used them to build the pyramids. They also used wood, which grows again, but stone does not. This is why we can still see pyramids today after thousands of years.
What exactly are pyramids and mummies? People in Ancient Egypt were mummified when they died. It took a long time to preserve the body and construct a casket with painted artwork and text. When Egypt's pharaohs (kings and queens) died, their bodies were mummified and interred in massive stone pyramids.
Why are pyramids important to history? Pyramids have always been associated with power and prestige. The Egyptians built many pyramids over a period of several hundred years and they represent the best technology of their day. With some improvements, modern scientists can still use pyramids as shelters from rain and heat!
Who is the world's first superstar? This is a very hard question to answer because there was no such thing as music or movies when Egyptian rulers needed some way to be remembered after death. But since most historians agree that King Akhenaten of Egypt was the world's first "superstar", we will say that he was followed by his son Amenhotep IV about twenty years later.
Amenhotep IV had more statues made of himself than any other ruler in ancient history. He even had one statue placed inside each of Egypt's two largest pyramids (the others having already been filled by his father and grandfather).
Finally, let's say that Amenhotep IV was not only the first superstar but also the first global celebrity.
The pyramids were constructed for religious reasons. The Egyptians were among the first to believe in an afterlife. They thought that every human being has a second self, known as the ka. The Great Sphinx was erected nearby to keep an eye on the pyramids. This is why it's made up with sand instead of stone like the pyramids.
The pyramids were not built by slaves but by many people over a long period of time. The labor force came from all over Egypt and even other countries too. The builders used tools such as axes, adzes, and drills. Some things we know about their technology because some parts of the pyramids have been preserved in case they were ever needed again (such as for King Pharaoh).
The main purpose of the pyramids was to provide eternal life for the pharaoh and his family. It was believed that the ka of the king would live on after he died and could then be transported into another body if the person so desired. The pharaoh was usually buried with many treasures including gold, jewels, and statues of himself.
The construction of the pyramids required a lot of wood because most of them were built using wooden planks. The Egyptians used trees such as sycamore, acacia, and palm for building materials. They also used clay when making bricks. The Pyramids at Giza use about 7 million bricks!