What was the Round Table Conference Class 10?

What was the Round Table Conference Class 10?

The Round Table Conferences were three "peace conferences" held by the British government with Indian leaders to discuss India's independence and constitutional change. The first Round Table Conference was held in London from May 30 to July 23, 1946. It was called by the British government after World War II to discuss ways to reduce tensions between Britain and its former colony of India. The second Round Table Conference was held in New York City from November 4 to 17, 1947, just months before India's independence on August 15. It was called by the United Nations to discuss issues surrounding the future of India and Pakistan, which had become independent countries earlier that year.

The third and final Round Table Conference was held in Montego Bay, Jamaica, from February 6 to March 7, 1948. The conference aimed to create a new constitution for free India. The main participants at the conference were the president of India, Mahatma Gandhi; Jawaharlal Nehru, who would later become the first prime minister of India; Lord Mountbatten, the last viceroy of India; and Sardar Patel, who would later become the chief minister of Gujarat and then the country's home minister.

What was the purpose of the Round Table Conferences in India?

Toggle navigation: Toggle search for The three Round Table Conferences of 1930–32 were a series of peace conferences arranged by the British Government with participation from the Indian National Congress to examine constitutional reforms in India. The Congress was not willing to discuss independence at this time, but it did want greater autonomy for its member states.

These conferences were followed by the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms of 1935 which granted self-government to most of the provinces of India. The remaining areas were reserved for central government control. These reforms also modified the constitution of India so that it could be revised over time as needed.

The goal was for the Congress Party to gain support across the country, thereby giving it more power within the British Empire. However, since the party was not willing to grant full independence, these conferences ended in failure.

Learn more about this topic on our website: The purpose of the Round Table Conferences in India.

What was discussed at the round table conference held in England?

Between 1930 and 1932, three round table conferences were conducted in London. The goal of these conferences was to debate political reforms in India, particularly methods to promote Indian involvement in administration and the potential of achieving dominion status. The main participants were the viceroy of India, Lord Linlithgow; the leader of the opposition, Winston Churchill; and other members of Parliament and civil servants from Britain and India.

These meetings produced a number of important documents including "A Memorandum on Dominion Status" (December 1931) and "The Mindes Committee Report" (March 1932). In addition, they made several recommendations regarding the future role of Indians in British-administered India. These included proposals for an elected assembly with limited powers, more representative local government, and a new system of education aimed at producing better leaders for the future. However, none of the proposals received widespread support within either the British government or the Congress party, so they were never implemented.

In conclusion, these discussions proved that it was possible to have frank and honest conversations about the future direction of India's governance. However, they also showed that significant cultural differences existed between Britain and India which prevented any real progress from being made.

What was the significance of the second roundtable conference?

The conference's goal was to explore India's constitutional amendments. The second roundtable meeting took place in London from September to December 1931. Gandiji was the Indian National Congress's representative. He presented his case against the constitution and tried to explain why it was wrong for India to become a nation under the rule of a king or president.

Gandhi argued that by adopting the constitution, India would be abandoning its own identity and becoming a slave state like Britain's. He also said that if the document were accepted then it would create a dangerous precedent for other countries to adopt similar laws. Finally, he concluded that the only way to achieve freedom was through non-violence.

After hearing all that had been said, Lord Irwin responded by saying that although he agreed with much that had been said, there were some points that could not be ignored. For example, he said that while it was true that slavery had been abolished in Britain, this did not mean that everyone there was free. They still had masters called lords which meant that India would still have an emperor/king after all these arguments and changes that had taken place.

In conclusion, Gandhi told Lord Irwin that if India signed up to this document, then the only way for it to be able to get rid of it later was through nonviolent action.

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Amal Zimmerman

Amal Zimmerman is a teacher who strives to make a difference in her students' lives. She loves the idea of children growing up and becoming great people, so she works hard at teaching them what they need to know to be successful. She's also passionate about education reform and has volunteered with many organizations related to education reform over the years because she believes that everyone deserves access to quality public schools.

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